China News Service, October 20. Zeng Yande, chief agronomist and director of the Development Planning Department of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, said on the 20th that the agricultural and rural economic operations in the first three quarters of this year were generally good.

The increase in autumn grain production is a foregone conclusion, and the area of ​​autumn grain has increased steadily. The harvest has now reached nearly 80%. The recent continuous rains have generally limited impact on production.

The annual grain output will hit a record high again, staying above 1.3 trillion catties for seven consecutive years.

Data map: In Luyang Town, Yunyang County, Chongqing, eight large-scale harvesters lined up are harvesting mature rice in the rice fields.

Photo by Liu Xingmin

  On the 20th, the State Council Information Office held a press conference on the operation of the agricultural and rural economy in the first three quarters of 2021.

Zeng Yande reported on the operation of the agricultural and rural economy in the first three quarters of this year.

  Zeng Yande said that in the first three quarters of this year, the agricultural and rural economy performed well, mainly in the following seven aspects:

  First, the

annual grain production is expected to increase at a high level

.

Since the beginning of this year, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs has resolutely taken up the responsibility for food security, implemented the requirements of the party and government for food security, and continued to promote food production with continuous seasons, tight stubbles.

The quantity and quality of summer grains increased at the same time, and the output was 291.6 billion catties, an increase of 5.93 billion catties.

The area of ​​high-quality special-purpose wheat accounted for 37.3%, an increase of 1.5%.

The output of early rice has increased, with an output of 56 billion jins, an increase of 1.45 billion jins, and an increase in production for two consecutive years.

The increase in autumn grain production is a foregone conclusion, and the area of ​​autumn grain has increased steadily. The harvest has now reached nearly 80%. The recent continuous rains have generally limited impact on production.

The annual grain output will hit a record high again, staying above 1.3 trillion catties for seven consecutive years.

  Second, the

supply of "vegetable basket" products is sufficient

.

The "Vegetable Basket" products are abundant in quantity, rich in varieties, and the market is stable.

Live pig production has fully recovered. According to statistics from the National Bureau of Statistics, at the end of September, there were 44.59 million reproductive sows and 438 million pigs in the country, both equivalent to the level at the end of 2017.

Cattle, sheep and poultry developed steadily. The production of beef, mutton and poultry increased by 4% year-on-year, milk production increased by 8% year-on-year, and aquatic product production increased by 3.8% year-on-year.

The quantity of fruits and vegetables is sufficient and the prices are stable. The vegetable area in the country is about 100 million mu, which is flat and slightly increased year-on-year.

The fruit market supply increased and prices fell slightly.

  Third,

solidly promote the revitalization of the seed industry and the construction of high-standard farmland

.

Promote breeding innovation, start seed industry revitalization, and promote the general survey of agricultural germplasm resources and a new round of livestock and poultry genetic improvement plans.

A new round of high-standard farmland construction planning was implemented. From January to September, about 96.17 million mu of high-standard farmland has been completed and under construction.

Strengthen the construction of cultivated land quality, implement the "14th Five-Year Plan" national black land protection project, and complete 72 million mu of black land conservation farming in the northeast.

Promote the whole process of mechanization of food crops and strengthen the reduction of mechanical harvest. It is estimated that the comprehensive mechanization rate of main crops in the whole year will exceed 71%, and the loss rate of mechanical harvest will be reduced by about 1% compared with normal years.

  Fourth, the

green transformation of agriculture is accelerating

.

Regarding green development as an important guide for the implementation of the rural revitalization strategy, the "14th Five-Year" National Agricultural Green Development Plan was issued, focusing on key areas, and promoting the green transformation of agriculture.

Promote the promotion of the "three products and one standard" of agricultural production, and implement the three-year action of "promoting the improvement of illegally controlled drugs and residues" for edible agricultural products. The overall pass rate of agricultural product quality and safety monitoring has reached 97.5%, and the number of green, organic, and geographical indication agricultural products has reached 58,000. indivual.

We will pragmatically grasp the ten-year ban on fishing in the Yangtze River. The fishermen who retreat will basically switch to employment. The social security policy will be fully implemented. 8,349 fishing vessels and 238,000 illegal nets have been cleared and banned.

  Fifth, the

development momentum of the rural wealthy industries is good

.

Relying on agricultural and rural resources, all regions will strengthen the processing industry of agricultural products, develop the rural leisure tourism industry, expand the e-commerce of agricultural products, and promote the integrated development of primary, secondary and tertiary industries.

The agricultural product processing industry developed steadily. From January to September, the agricultural and sideline food processing industry above designated size increased by 8.6% year-on-year.

New industries and new formats continue to develop, the rural leisure tourism industry has basically recovered to the level of the same period in 2019, and the online retail sales of agricultural products have maintained double-digit growth.

The development of industrial integration is steadily advancing, and 50 national modern agricultural industrial parks, 50 characteristic industrial clusters with advantages, and 298 strong agricultural industrial towns have been created, which has promoted the integration of production-towns and production-village.

  Sixth, the

income of farmers has grown rapidly

.

Putting the promotion of farmers’ income in an important position, and taking multiple measures to expand farmers’ income increase channels, the per capita disposable income of rural residents reached 13,726 yuan in the first three quarters, a real increase of 11.2% after deducting price factors, 2.5 percentage points higher than the growth rate of urban residents’ income.

The total number of migrant workers and income levels in rural areas achieved both growth. The total number of migrant laborers reached 183 million, a year-on-year increase of 2%, and the average monthly income reached 4454 yuan, a year-on-year increase of 10.4%.

At the same time, the characteristic industries in poverty alleviated areas have developed steadily, and the employment situation of poverty-stricken laborers is good. 31.03 million people out of poverty have been promoted to work. The income growth rate of poverty-stricken people continues to be higher than the national rural average.

  Seventh, the

potential of rural domestic demand continues to be released

.

With the acceleration of agricultural and rural modernization, rural areas have become an important growth point for expanding domestic demand.

Effective investment in agriculture and rural areas has continued to expand. The fixed asset investment in the primary industry is 1,039.5 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 14%. The issuance of local government bonds for agriculture and rural areas is expected to exceed 160 billion yuan.

Rural consumption has recovered steadily, and rural consumer retail sales reached 4216.9 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 15.6%, and an average increase of 3.8% in two years.

The import and export of agricultural products grew rapidly, with the total import and export value reaching 225.16 billion US dollars, a year-on-year increase of 25.9%.

Among them, imports were US$165.67 billion, a year-on-year increase of 33.1%, and exports were US$59.49 billion, a year-on-year increase of 9.3%.

  Zeng Yande concluded that

there was another bumper harvest of grain this year, the quantity of "vegetable basket" products was sufficient and the price was stable, and the income of farmers continued to grow, which provided strong support for promoting the healthy development of the national economy

.

However, it should also be noted that the development of agricultural and rural economy is still affected by the high prices of agricultural materials and fluctuations in the international agricultural product market, which requires great attention and practical solutions.

In the next step, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs will resolutely implement the decisions and deployments of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, keep a close eye on the goals, intensify efforts, and pay close attention to implementation to ensure that the grain output remains above 1.3 trillion catties, and resolutely maintain the bottom line of preventing large-scale poverty. Complete the goals and tasks throughout the year without compromise.

Keywords: conclusion, autumn grain production, quarters, grain output, grain production, catties, area, ministry of agriculture and rural affairs, grain, zeng yande, impact, products, rains, vegetable area, operations