Speed up the improvement of the socialist market economy system (authoritative interview)
The development of a market economy under socialist conditions is a great innovation of our party.
A key factor in the great success of China's economic development is that we have not only brought into play the strengths of the market economy, but also the advantages of the socialist system.
How to speed up the improvement of the socialist market economic system and provide institutional guarantees for high-quality development?
The reporter interviewed Lian Weiliang, deputy director of the National Development and Reform Commission.
Promote two "more in place" to build a high-level socialist market economy system
Reporter: How to understand the basic connotation of "building a more systematic, complete, mature and stereotyped high-level socialist market economic system"?
Lian Weiliang: The Fifth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China made a major deployment for building a high-level socialist market economic system.
In May last year, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council issued the "Opinions on Accelerating the Improvement of the Socialist Market Economic System in the New Era", proposing the establishment of a more systematic, complete, mature and stereotyped high-level socialist market economic system.
Its basic connotation is to adhere to the basic socialist economic system, give full play to the decisive role of the market in the allocation of resources, give better play to the role of the government, and promote a better combination of effective markets and effective governments, and to be complete, accurate and comprehensive in order to establish a foothold in the new stage of development. Implement the new development concept, build a new development pattern, and promote high-quality development to provide institutional guarantees and power support.
Reporter: To build such a high-level socialist market economic system, what are the most urgent practical requirements?
Lian Weiliang: To build a more systematically complete, more mature and finalized high-level socialist market economic system, people are most concerned about two "more in place":
The first is to build a higher-level effective market, and provide better support and services for market players.
Focus on stimulating the vitality of market players, and improve the market environment for fair competition; coordinate and solve the practical problems encountered in the development of enterprises, improve the precise and effective policy environment; optimize government services, improve the market-oriented, legalized, and internationalized business environment; protect all companies in accordance with the law Class property rights and intellectual property rights, and improve the legal environment of equal protection.
The second is to build a higher level of effective government, with more macro governance and government supervision in place.
Strive to maintain stable economic operation, improve cross-cycle adjustments of macroeconomic policies, maintain economic operations within a reasonable range, improve anticipation management and market behavior guidance mechanisms; strive to maintain a fair and competitive market environment, adhere to regulatory standards and promote development with equal emphasis on both, and both must be hard-headed , Clarify rules, draw a bottom line, strictly follow laws and regulations, strengthen anti-monopoly and prevent the disorderly expansion of capital; focus on ensuring economic security, strengthen risk early warning, prevention and control mechanisms and capacity building, and realize important industries, infrastructure, strategic resources, and major Key areas such as technology and important data are safe and controllable.
Promote the formation of a fairer competitive market environment through the "six comprehensives"
Reporter: An important goal of the "14th Five-Year Plan" is to basically establish a high-standard market system.
How to promote the formation of a fairer and more competitive market environment by building a high-standard market system?
Lian Weiliang: Building a high-standard market system is a major task for building a high-level socialist market economic system during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period. At the beginning of this year, the Central Office and the State Council issued the "Action Plan for Building a High-Standard Market System." .
In a certain sense, the core purpose of building a high-standard market system is to create a fairer market competition environment, more specifically, to promote the formation of a fairer competition market environment through the "six comprehensives".
The first is to make the market environment more fair by comprehensively improving the property rights system.
Improve the legal system of equal protection of property rights, protect property rights in a legal, equal, and comprehensive manner, improve the judicial protection system for law enforcement of property rights, and realize effective protection of all types of property rights.
The second is to make the market environment more fair by fully regulating market access.
Fully implement the market access negative list system, implement the "national one list" and "one-year revision" management model, and dynamically and fairly relax market access.
The third is to make the market environment more fair by comprehensively improving the competition policy.
Strengthen anti-monopoly and anti-unfair competition law enforcement, further promote the implementation of fair competition policies, investigate and deal with monopoly and unfair competition behaviors in accordance with the law, and better protect the legitimate rights and interests of market players and consumers.
The fourth is to make the market environment more fair by optimizing the market-oriented allocation of factors.
Promote the market-oriented allocation of operational land elements, promote the orderly flow of labor elements, promote the healthy development of the capital market, and accelerate the improvement and development of the knowledge, technology, and data element markets.
The fifth is to make the market environment more fair by comprehensively strengthening credit construction.
Construct a new credit-based supervision mechanism, improve the credit commitment system of market entities, and implement in-depth credit classification and classification supervision, so as to guide all market entities and all operators and consumers to be honest and trustworthy.
The sixth is to make the market environment more fair by comprehensively strengthening the construction of a unified market.
Focus on solving local protection and market segmentation issues, continue to clean up and abolish practices that hinder the construction of a unified national market and fair competition, accelerate the construction of a unified national market, and build a new development pattern with domestic and international cycles as the main body and mutual promotion of domestic and international cycles Provide solid support.
Support the development of small and medium-sized enterprises with "Four Increases"
Reporter: At present, the development of small and medium-sized enterprises in China is encountering new difficulties and challenges.
What specific measures will the National Development and Reform Commission take to create a broad development space for small and medium-sized enterprises, and promote the formation of a good pattern of benign interaction and coordinated development of large and small-sized enterprises?
Lian Weiliang: Small and medium-sized enterprises are an important part of China's socialist market economy, the main channel for providing employment, the main force of technological innovation, the important birthplace of entrepreneurship, and the reservoir for creating large enterprises.
Supporting the development of SMEs is to lay a solid foundation and provide support for building a modern economic system and promoting high-quality economic development.
In accordance with the decisions and deployment of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, the National Development and Reform Commission will adhere to the problem-oriented and goal-oriented approach to implement various policies and measures to support small and medium-sized enterprises.
In short, it is the "four enlargements":
One is to increase targeted support.
Focus on outstanding problems encountered in the development of small and medium-sized enterprises at different stages, such as the current increase in energy costs, insufficient orders, and increased difficulty in collecting payments, etc., intensify the rectification of various types of illegal charges related to enterprises, and continue to carry out arrears to small, medium and micro enterprises The debt clearing action will guide all localities to implement phased preferential policies and other assistance measures for small and micro enterprises and individual industrial and commercial households to effectively reduce the burden on enterprises.
The second is to increase financing services.
In response to the financing difficulties faced by small and medium-sized enterprises, give play to the guiding role of the National Emerging Industry Venture Capital Guidance Fund to drive more social capital to invest in early and mid-term start-ups; promote and improve the "Xinyi Loan" model, and give full play to the role of a comprehensive credit service platform for national small and medium-sized enterprises financing , To promote the inclusion of information such as taxation, social insurance premiums and housing provident fund, water, electricity and gas, warehousing and logistics, real estate, intellectual property rights and other information into the scope of sharing, and consolidate the role of credit information in promoting the financing of small, medium and micro enterprises.
The third is to increase support for innovation and development.
Relying on the established demonstration bases for innovation and entrepreneurship, we will increase funding support within the central budget to build a group of support platforms for innovation and entrepreneurship with strong public welfare and a wide range of services, providing good conditions for SMEs to innovate and start businesses.
We will implement the special action on integration and innovation of large and medium-sized enterprises, promote the establishment of a cooperative mechanism of collaborative technology research and development and industrialization by large and medium-sized enterprises, and serve more small and medium-sized enterprises to carry out integration and innovation and realize lean entrepreneurship.
The fourth is to increase efforts to optimize the business environment.
Further deepen the reform of "delegating management and service", promote the standardization of administrative licensing, and speed up the improvement of the business environment laws and policies system.
Further improve service efficiency, accelerate the popularization and application of "Internet + government services", and fully implement the system of "good and bad reviews" for government services.
Improve the business environment evaluation system oriented by market players and social public satisfaction, and strive to create a higher level of marketization, rule of law, and international business environment for the development of small and medium-sized enterprises.
Our reporter Lu YananKeywords: development, market economy system, market economy, improvement, conditions, system., strengths, national development and reform commission, central committee of the communist party of china, enterprises, system, success, advantages, interview, lian weiliang