China News Service, Jiuquan, October 16 (Ma Shuaisha) In the early morning of the 16th, astronauts Zhai Zhigang, Wang Yaping, and Ye Guangfu took the Shenzhou 13 manned spacecraft to the China Space Station.

What are the characteristics of the flight crew lineup?

What are the special experiences of the three astronauts?

What will you do after entering the space station?

  Similar to the "Shenzhou XII" flight crew, the Shenzhou 13 flight crew is still based on the principle of matching new and old. It consists of two astronauts with flying experience and one astronaut "rookie." Astronaut Zhai Zhigang served as commander.

Unlike the "Shen 12" flight crew, the Shenzhou 13 astronaut crew is younger. Wang Yaping and Ye Guangfu, both of China's second batch of astronauts, belong to the "post-80s."

While the astronaut crew is getting younger, everyone's resume is still very exciting.

 Zhai Zhigang: "The First Man in Space Walk in China"

  As the "big brother" of the flight crew, Zhai Zhigang, who was born in 1966, can be described as rich in experience. He has won the honorary title of "Space Hero" and the "Space Merit Medal".

As the first batch of astronauts in China, Zhai Zhigang was selected as a backup astronaut for the Shenzhou V mission in September 2003. In June 2005, he was selected as a backup crew for the Shenzhou VI mission. In January 2013, he was selected for the Shenzhou 10 mission. Backup astronauts.

  In September 2008, Zhai Zhigang performed the Shenzhou 7 flight mission and served as the commander. During this period, he wore the first-generation "Flying" extravehicular spacesuit developed by China, making the five-star red flag fly in space for the first time, successfully completing China's first mission. He became the “first person in China’s spacewalk”, and China has since become the third country in the world to independently master the technology of space out of the cabin.

  It is worth mentioning that on October 15, 2003, Zhai Zhigang participated in the first flight and expedition ceremony as an astronaut of the Shenzhou V echelon. On October 15, 2021, he once again set off from Wentian Pavilion at the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center, on the 16th. After entering the Chinese space station, he will wear the second-generation "Flying" extravehicular suit independently developed by China to perform extravehicular missions.

  It took Zhai Zhigang 13 years from the "Shen VII" soaring into the sky to entering the core module of the Chinese space station.

"In the past 13 years, the hardest thing is not how difficult it is to train, or how difficult it is to work, or how difficult it is to learn. The most difficult thing is how to apply the highest standards and enthusiasm to a simple thing ten times and one hundred times. Do it well everywhere." Zhai Zhigang said.

  Wang Yaping: The first female astronaut of the Chinese space station will bring "space teaching"

  "Post-80s" female astronaut Wang Yaping has set out for space for the second time.

In March 2012, Wang Yaping was selected as a backup astronaut for the Shenzhou 9 flight mission; in June 2013, he carried out the Shenzhou 10 flight mission. During this period, Wang Yaping, with the cooperation of his comrades Nie Haisheng and Zhang Xiaoguang, carried out a space for young people across the country on Tiangong-1. Teaching activities, became China's first "space teacher".

  After teaching from the Shenzhou 10 space, many students wrote to Wang Yaping asking when he could fly into space again to give lectures to everyone.

Lin Xiqiang, a spokesperson for China’s Manned Space Engineering and deputy director of the Office of Manned Space Engineering, recently introduced that this mission planned a more diverse science education activity. I believe Mr. Wang Yaping will soon bring you the second lesson of “Teaching in Space”. .

  At the meeting between the astronauts and the media, a child from the Hotan area of ​​Xinjiang told Wang Yaping that the child in the Midwest had prepared a mysterious gift for her and the crew, which had been delivered to the space station.

The girl also asked Wang Yaping what she wanted to say to the teenager.

  Wang Yaping replied, "Flying dreams never lose weight, and scientific dreams have unlimited tension."

As long as you have the courage to dream, chase dreams, and build your own dream spacecraft with wisdom and sweat, you will be able to usher in the launch moment of your dreams and fly to the vast starry sky that belongs to you.

  Now, Wang Yaping has once again succeeded in pursuing his dream, flying into space with the dreams and expectations of his classmates.

After the Shenzhou 13 mission, Wang Yaping will also become China’s first female astronaut to enter space twice, China’s first female astronaut on the Chinese space station, China’s first female astronaut to leave the cabin, and China’s longest in-orbit female astronaut. Astronaut.

Ye Guangfu: The first Chinese astronaut to participate in the joint training of astronauts from many countries

  In this flight crew, the youngest astronaut Ye Guangfu was selected as the second batch of astronauts in China in May 2010 and was selected as the Shenzhou 13 flight crew in December 2019.

This mission is Ye Guangfu's first flying mission, but this is not his first public appearance.

  In 2016, he completed cave training in Sardinia, Italy. This was the first time that a Chinese astronaut and a multinational astronaut had jointly conducted training.

It is understood that the training is organized by the European Space Agency (ESA), and astronauts from different countries form a crew to conduct exploration, survey and mapping tasks in complex caves isolated from the outside world, and complete the collection of cave samples, search for life, etc. A series of scientific experiments.

This training has become a "compulsory course" for astronauts entering the International Space Station.

  At that time, he also named a 500-meter-long cave detected during the training. He named it "Guang Ming", which is the pinyin of "Bright".

Because of this training, Ye Guangfu became the first astronaut among China's second batch of male astronauts to make an appearance publicly, and also the first astronaut in China to have an open identity without performing a flight mission.

  Ye Guangfu said at the media meeting, "This unforgettable international cooperation also made me deeply feel that exploring the vast space and building a space home is the common mission and pursuit of all our astronauts. I also look forward to one day being able to cooperate with the international community. Traveling in outer space together, and welcome to China's space station as a guest."

  How to live in space in the next 6 months?

Chinese New Year will eat dumplings!

  Official information revealed that during the "Shen XIII" mission, the astronauts will complete multiple missions in orbit.

For example, carry out key technology tests for the assembly and construction of space stations such as manipulator-assisted module translocation and manual control teleoperation; conduct 2-3 exits, install large and small manipulator double-arm combination adapters and suspension devices; further verify the astronauts Stay in orbit for 6 months in health, life and work security technology; conduct scientific and technological experiments and applications in the fields of aerospace medicine and microgravity physics, and carry out diversified science education activities.

  The joining of "Space Teacher" Wang Yaping has made space science popularization activities much more anticipated.

According to Huang Weifen, chief designer of the astronaut system of China's manned space engineering and researcher of the China Astronaut Research and Training Center, the mission system planned a series of science popularization and public welfare activities, and designed the daily life of the space station astronauts, special technology of the space station, and special scientific knowledge. , Scientific small experiments and a series of theme activities, etc., to maximize the application benefits of the China Space Station from a higher level.

  Staying in orbit for half a year also means that three astronauts will spend the New Year in space for the first time.

In an interview with the media, Huang Weifen said that caring researchers have prepared dumplings for the astronauts in advance, and even considered their clothing.

  Speaking of the arrangements for New Year’s Eve, Wang Yaping said at the media meeting that he had been preparing for the flight mission some time ago, and he really did not consider this issue.

"This is the first time for Chinese to celebrate the Spring Festival in space. As far as I know, our project as a whole has prepared a Spring Festival gift package for us, but we don’t know what’s in it. So I’m full of expectations like everyone else. I believe that there must be constant surprises and brilliant surprises."

  Wang Yaping also revealed, “On New Year’s Eve, we will team up with 3 people to keep the year old with everyone. We will send the blessings from space to our motherland and to everyone as soon as possible.” (End)

Keywords: zhai zhigang, wang yaping, spacecraft, china space station, astronauts, ye guangfu, astronaut crew, space, experiences, characteristics, thing, flight crew, space station, life, astronaut