It is estimated that as many as one-tenth of Finns have some degree of kidney failure, says the Kidney and Liver Association.

Renal failure is even more common in people with diabetes or hypertension.

A major factor behind the development is the prevalence of type 2 diabetes in particular, which is the most common reason for starting dialysis treatment.

On the other hand, the aging of the population also has an impact.

The kidneys are vital because they remove fluid and waste products from the body and regulate blood pressure.

The kidneys also control the formation of red blood cells and activate vitamin D.

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If you have diabetes or high blood pressure, are overweight, or have a family history of kidney disease, you should check your kidney function regularly.

The kidneys are vital because they remove fluid and waste products from the body and regulate blood pressure.

The kidneys also control the formation of red blood cells and activate vitamin D.

- The kidneys are like a washing machine.

If they have the slightest disturbances, the washing ability deteriorates and the kidneys can be damaged, Chief Physician Eero Honkanen from the HYKS Abdominal Center said in a previous interview.

These can damage the kidneys

The Kidney and Liver Union says that in addition to diabetes, the kidneys are damaged by high blood pressure and calcification of blood vessels.

Renal insufficiency is also caused by hereditary kidney disease or inflammatory kidney disease.

- Good treatment of pre-existing underlying diseases such as high blood pressure, diabetes and blood lipid disorders protects the kidneys and slows down the progression of possible kidney changes, said Hnet's chief physician of nephrology, docent Agneta Ekstrand in the association's press release.

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Good treatment for diabetes and fatty disorders of the blood protects the kidneys and slows down the progression of any kidney changes.

Mild impairment is asymptomatic

Mild renal impairment does not cause symptoms.

According to the health village, kidney disease is often diagnosed by chance when high blood pressure is examined, or when an increase in creatinine is detected in a blood test or red blood cells or protein in a urine sample.

Creatinine is the end product of muscle metabolism, and when kidney function deteriorates, they do not remove it from the blood normally.

If kidney failure is not noticed, it progresses slowly without causing symptoms over the years.

As the disease progresses further, symptoms also begin to appear.

Symptoms of kidney failure include:

  • Swelling in the legs

  • Fatigue

  • Anorexia

  • Cramps and restless legs

  • Limb or headache

The progression of a disease detected in time can be slowed

The renal and hepatic union emphasizes the importance of early detection of insufficiency, as its progression can be slowed.

- If you have diabetes or high blood pressure, are overweight or have a family history of kidney disease, you should check your kidney function regularly.

Kidney function is studied in blood and urine samples, Ekstrand says.

If your own kidneys are no longer able to perform their functions, their function can be replaced by dialysis or kidney transplantation.

The story was originally published in Ilta-Sanomat on March 8, 2021.

This is how you take care of your kidney health

  • Exercise.

  • Eat healthy.

  • Treat diabetes well.

  • Pay attention to your blood pressure.

  • Drink enough.

  • Do not smoke.

  • Avoid continuous use of NSAIDs.

  • Check the condition of your kidneys if you have diabetes or high blood pressure, are overweight, or have a family history of kidney disease.

Source: Kidney and Liver Union

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