China News Service, September 22. According to the website of the National Bureau of Statistics, the National Bureau of Statistics, the Ministry of Science and Technology, and the Ministry of Finance issued a statistical bulletin on the national science and technology expenditures for 2020 on the 22nd.

Data shows that in 2020, my country's research and experimental development (R&D) funding investment will continue to maintain rapid growth, and the investment intensity will continue to increase. However, due to factors such as the new crown pneumonia epidemic, the growth rate of investment has fallen, and the national fiscal science and technology expenditure has declined compared with the previous year. .

  In terms of research and experimental development (R&D) funding, in 2020, a total of 2439.31 billion yuan was invested in research and experimental development (R&D) across the country, an increase of 224.95 billion yuan over the previous year, an increase of 10.2%, and the growth rate dropped 2.3 percentage points from the previous year; The investment intensity of research and experimental development (R&D) (ratio to GDP) was 2.40%, an increase of 0.16 percentage points over the previous year.

The per capita expenditure calculated based on the full-time workload of research and experimental development (R&D) personnel was 466,000 yuan, an increase of 5,000 yuan over the previous year.

  In terms of activity types, national basic research funding was 146.70 billion yuan, an increase of 9.8% over the previous year; applied research funding was 275.72 billion yuan, an increase of 10.4%; experimental development funding was 2016.89 billion yuan, an increase of 10.2%.

Fundamental research, applied research, and experimental development accounted for 6.0%, 11.3%, and 82.7%, respectively.

  In terms of activity entities, various types of enterprise research and experimental development (R&D) expenditures were 1,867.38 billion yuan, an increase of 10.4% over the previous year; government-owned research institutions’ expenditures were 340.88 billion yuan, an increase of 10.6%; colleges and universities expenditures were 188.25 billion yuan, An increase of 4.8%.

Enterprises, government-owned research institutions, and colleges and universities accounted for 76.6%, 14.0% and 7.7% respectively.

  In terms of industry sector, the research and experimental development (R&D) expenditure of high-tech manufacturing industry was 464.91 billion yuan, and the investment intensity (ratio to operating income) was 2.67%, which was an increase of 0.26 percentage points from the previous year; the research and experimental development of equipment manufacturing industry ( R&D) expenditure was 913.03 billion yuan, and the investment intensity was 2.22%, an increase of 0.15 percentage points over the previous year.

Among the industrial enterprises above designated size, there are 10 industry categories with research and experimental development (R&D) expenditures of more than 50 billion yuan, and the funds of these 10 industries account for the proportion of the research and experimental development (R&D) expenditures of all industrial enterprises above designated size It is 73.6% (see Appendix 1 for details).

  In terms of regions, there are 8 provinces (cities) that have invested more than 100 billion yuan in research and experimental development (R&D). They are Guangdong (347.99 billion yuan), Jiangsu (300.59 billion yuan), Beijing (232.66 billion yuan), and Zhejiang. (185.99 billion yuan), Shandong (168.19 billion yuan), Shanghai (161.57 billion yuan), Sichuan (105.53 billion yuan) and Hubei (100.53 billion yuan).

There are 7 provinces (cities) with research and experimental development (R&D) investment intensity (ratio to regional GDP) exceeding the national average, namely Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin, Guangdong, Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Shaanxi (see details Schedule 2).

  In terms of fiscal science and technology expenditures, in 2020, national fiscal science and technology expenditures will be 1009.55 billion yuan, a decrease of 62.24 billion yuan or 5.8% over the previous year.

Among them, central government expenditure on science and technology was 375.82 billion yuan, down 9.9%, accounting for 37.2% of fiscal science and technology expenditure; local government expenditure on science and technology was 633.68 billion yuan, down 3.2%, accounting for 62.8%.

Attached Table 1 Research and experimental development (R&D) funding of industrial enterprises above designated size by industry in 2020

industry

R&D funding

(100 million yuan)

R&D expenditure input intensity

(%)

total

15271.3

1.41

mining industry

294.8

0.73

 Coal mining and washing industry

120.1

0.58

 Oil and gas extraction industry

80.1

1.20

 Ferrous metal mining and dressing industry

18.3

0.44

 Non-ferrous metal mining and dressing industry

22.6

0.82

 Non-metallic mining and dressing industry

20.3

0.55

 Mining professional and supporting activities

33.4

1.58

manufacturing

14783.8

1.54

 Agricultural and sideline food processing industry

276.6

0.57

 Food manufacturing

157.3

0.81

 Liquor, beverage and refined tea manufacturing

89.7

0.61

 Tobacco products industry

28.0

0.25

 Textile industry

231.4

0.99

 Textile and Apparel, Apparel Industry

105.8

0.76

 Leather, fur, feathers and their products and footwear industry

90.3

0.89

 Wood processing and wood, bamboo, rattan, palm and grass products industry

67.3

0.78

 Furniture manufacturing

90.7

1.28

 Paper and Paper Products Industry

136.6

1.04

 Printing and recording media reproduction industry

93.6

1.41

 Cultural, Educational, Industrial and Beauty, Sports and Entertainment Products Manufacturing

101.5

0.83

 Petroleum, coal and other fuel processing industry

189.6

0.45

 Chemical raw materials and chemical products manufacturing

797.2

1.25

 Pharmaceutical manufacturing

784.6

3.13

 Chemical fiber manufacturing

132.4

1.66

 Rubber and plastic products industry

444.8

1.74

 Non-metallic mineral products industry

513.1

0.88

 Ferrous metal smelting and rolling processing industry

799.3

1.09

 Non-ferrous metal smelting and rolling processing industry

418.8

0.77

 Metal products industry

561.9

1.44

 General equipment manufacturing

977.9

2.38

 Special equipment manufacturing industry

966.0

2.85

 Automotive Manufacturing

1363.4

1.67

 Railway, shipbuilding, aerospace and other transportation equipment manufacturing

485.2

3.13

 Electrical machinery and equipment manufacturing

1567.1

2.26

 Computer, communications and other electronic equipment manufacturing

2915.2

2.35

 Instrumentation Manufacturing

293.7

3.59

 Other manufacturing

48.1

1.98

 Comprehensive utilization of waste resources

38.4

0.65

 Metal products, machinery and equipment repair industry

18.7

1.28

Electricity, heat, gas and water production and supply

192.7

0.24

 Electricity and heat production and supply industry

151.8

0.22

 Gas production and supply industry

23.6

0.25

 Water production and supply industry

17.2

0.48

Attached Table 2 Research and Experimental Development (R&D) Funding in Various Regions in 2020

area

R&D funding

(100 million yuan)

R&D expenditure input intensity

(%)

Nationwide

24393.1

2.40

Beijing

2,326.6

6.44

Tianjin

485.0

3.44

Hebei

634.4

1.75

Shanxi

211.1

1.20

Inner Mongolia

161.1

0.93

Liaoning

549.0

2.19

Jilin

159.5

1.30

Heilongjiang

173.2

1.26

Shanghai

1615.7

4.17

Jiangsu

3005.9

2.93

Zhejiang

1,859.9

2.88

Anhui

883.2

2.28

Fujian

842.4

1.92

Jiangxi

430.7

1.68

Shandong

1681.9

2.30

Henan

901.3

1.64

Hubei

1005.3

2.31

Hunan

898.7

2.15

Guangdong

3,479.9

3.14

Guangxi

173.2

0.78

Hainan

36.6

0.66

Chongqing

526.8

2.11

Sichuan

1055.3

2.17

Guizhou

161.7

0.91

Yunnan

246.0

1.00

Tibet

4.4

0.23

Shaanxi

632.3

2.42

Gansu

109.6

1.22

Qinghai

21.3

0.71

Ningxia

59.6

1.52

Xinjiang

61.6

0.45

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