Several special schools fear an even greater teacher shortage, because the money from the corona recovery plan for extra salaries for teachers with the most challenging students in their eyes is distributed unfairly.

According to these schools, this is because only the origin of children is considered.

8.5 billion euros is available to eliminate the educational backlog caused by the corona crisis.

375 million will go to extra salary for teachers in schools with children who are at extra risk of disadvantage.

That extra money should make the profession more attractive.

The way in which it is determined who is entitled to this extra salary, however, causes a lot of dissatisfaction in special education.

Only the parentage of the students is considered.

In special education, however, the parentage of the parents is not the most important determining factor for how challenging a pupil is or how much educational disadvantage a child has.

Wim Ludeke, board member of the sector organization for special education, tells NU.nl.

More difficult to find teachers

Several schools in special education fear that the teacher shortage will become even greater.

"I notice that it is almost impossible to find new teachers. That was already difficult, but it will only become more difficult because teachers with us do not receive an extra salary," says Renate van Dijk, director of Stichting Verderwijs.

Schools for special and secondary special education for students with psychiatric problems are affiliated with this foundation.

She fears that she will soon not have enough teachers, because teachers at her schools are not eligible for this extra salary.

See also: Teacher shortage is increasing in major cities: schools with hanging and strangling open

Schools with very vulnerable students are excluded

By only giving extra salary to teachers with many students from cultural minorities, schools with very vulnerable students are left out, says Ludeke.

He tells about a board that includes about twenty schools: "Teachers will soon receive an 8 percent more salary at one of these schools, because this school has many students from a cultural minority. But there are at least ten schools that also fall under this board. , where the students have similar disadvantages and problems. All schools also have about the same difficulty in finding teachers. This causes a lot of misunderstanding and dissatisfaction."

Special education schools have children with long-term illness, children with a physical or mental disability, children who are visually impaired or hard of hearing and children with behavioral and psychological disorders.

Also look at parental training

According to Ludeke, the way in which the extra salary is distributed in regular education is better.

There, teachers with the most challenging student population also receive an extra salary.

However, it does not only look at where a student's parents come from, but also at the education of the parents and whether they are in debt restructuring, for example.

Research by Statistics Netherlands shows that by looking at all these things you can better predict which pupils in regular education are at risk of educational disadvantage than if you only look at origin.

Several scientists also tell NU.nl that they do not know whether the origin of a student in special education affects how challenging the student is.

A 2013 study did conclude that parental origin and education level hardly influence learning performance in special education.

Intelligence and the type of disability or impairment are much more decisive.

A spokesperson for the Ministry of Education explains in a response to NU.nl that when distributing the extra salary, the way in which money is normally distributed for eliminating educational disadvantages has been examined.

In special education, the origin of the parents is indeed taken into account.

According to the spokesperson, this is the best method available at the moment.

This article was written in response to a tip from a NU.nl reader. Do you also have a tip for the research editors of NU.nl? Mail to tips@nu.nl. You can read all the ways in which you can reach the investigative journalists of NU.nl here.

Keywords: