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The historical head of the defeated Peruvian Maoist guerilla

Sendero Luminoso


Abimael Guzmán

, 86, died this Saturday in the maximum security prison where he has

served a life sentence since 1992

, his lawyer told AFP.

"Dr. Abimael Guzmán has passed away, the Navy has informed his wife Elena Yparragurre of the death," lawyer

Alfredo Crespo said

by telephone.

"She has asked the authorities to hand over the remains," he added.

The prison authority has indicated in a statement that Guzmán's death occurred "on Saturday, September 11, at approximately 6:40 a.m. local time at the Maximum Security Detention Center of the Callao Naval Base (...)

due to complications in his state of health



wife of Guzman is caught in the Virgin of Fatima in Lima, jail sentenced to life imprisonment for terrorism


It was number two on Sendero Luminoso.

70,000 dead and missing

The death of the Maoist guerrilla leader was announced one day before the

29th anniversary of his capture, on September 12, 1992


The former university professor of philosophy, who had suffered health problems in July, spent his last 29 years in prison

carrying on his back having been the intellectual responsible for one of the bloodiest conflicts in Latin America, with 70,000 dead and missing

in two decades. (1980-2000), according to figures from the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (2003).

Guzmán ended his days as

the most famous prisoner in Peru

, without specifying his

adventure of reproducing in Peru with blood and fire the model of his icon Mao


The cause and details of his death have not been released.

He was serving his sentence at the Callao Naval Base, near Lima, but had to be transferred to a common prison in the next few months.

He embraced Maoism and the methods of Cambodian leader Pol Pot, and formed an image of a tough and relentless revolutionary

willing to order the massacre of the inhabitants of a village in the Peruvian Andes as punishment for not supporting him.

In 2006, during a trial whose hearings lasted more than a year, his unknown side was revealed when

his lieutenant Oscar Ramírez, comrade 'Feliciano', accused him of being a "coward" and of being unable to pull the trigger of a gun


"A coward, an alcoholic and a crybaby,"

said about Guzmán, 'Feliciano', who led a radical faction of the Shining Path that continued the war after the arrest of its leader -in September 1992-, in defiance of his order to end the conflict. .

Personality cult

Abimael Guzmán came to the fore when

in the early 1960s he left his chair of philosophy at the San Cristóbal de Huamanga University

, in Ayacucho, a region in southeastern Peru where poverty has become an indelible stamp.

In Ayacucho he created and promoted his party, whose task was "to build communism along the luminous path of José Carlos Mariátegui" (Peruvian thinker, creator of the Socialist Party of Peru).

Hence the origin of its name.

Guzmán cultivated the cult of personality and

those who knew him should treat him as "Chairman Gonzalo



Guzmán's weapon was his

own interpretation of Marxism

, which turned his followers into fanatics of his ideas, which they described as the "guiding thought" and "fourth sword" of Marxism, behind Marx, Lenin and Mao.

The "great leap forward" began in 1979, when he went underground and announced that the conditions were ripe to carry out a revolution from the countryside to the city.

On May 17, 1980, he exchanged books for dynamite


That day he marked Peru with fire.

Sendero began the fight with a symbolic act: he burned ballot boxes in an Andean town on the eve of the election that ended 12 years of military dictatorship.

According to the criteria of The Trust Project

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