It was just over a year ago that the Kurdish self-government announced plans to hold trials against foreign IS women here in northern Syria, at a place where the crimes of the terrorist sect had been committed.
But the lack of resources and the fact that Kurdish autonomy is not an internationally recognized state are some of the obstacles that have stood in the way.
Now a group of women who have been locked up in prison camps in northeastern Syria are on their way to Sweden with their children.
In the near future, more women will be deported to Sweden.
Several have been smuggled out
Ever since the terrorist sect Islamic State lost the last remnants of its so-called caliphate here in Syria, Kurdish self-government has appealed to the outside world: “Bring home your citizens who traveled here.
We do not have the resources to judge and imprison them ”.
In March 2019, during the end of the offensive against IS, the Al Hol prison camp flooded its banks when thousands of IS terrorists and their families poured out of the IS stronghold Baghouz.
The men were imprisoned and women and children were put in concentration camps.
Among those detained were about thirty Swedish women and their children.
Several of the women have escaped over the years and some of them have returned to Sweden.
Great need for justice
The crimes committed by the terrorist sect IS include genocide, torture, ethnic cleansing and sexual slavery - and the need for justice is great.
The UN has repeatedly called on the Member States to repatriate their citizens from northern Syria and try them in court.
But few countries have listened.
Instead, Sweden has backed a proposal for an international tribunal that will hold IS members accountable in the region, but that idea has not gained any widespread support.
The world around us is fragmented
France has proposed that detainees from Kurdish autonomy be relocated to neighboring Iraq and sentenced there, but that proposal has also been rejected by several EU countries, as legal certainty is being questioned in Iraq and the country is applying the death penalty.
And since Iraq and Syria are not affiliated with the International Criminal Court (ICC), the chances of prosecution of IS members are slim.
On the other hand, several countries have prosecuted for violations of international law against IS members in their national courts, which is possible even if the crime was committed outside the country's borders.
The camps are a breeding ground for new terror
The war in Syria has been going on for ten years, and the security situation in Kurdish autonomy is far from stable.
At the same time as the Kurdish SDF forces are fighting IS cells in the area, they are fighting against Syrian militias that have support from Turkey.
There have been a large number of escapes from the camps where 11,000 people from all over the world are sitting.
In an interview with SVT this spring, SDF spokesman Kino Gabriel likened the situation in the al Hol prison camp to a "mini-caliphate".
More than half of the inhabitants are children.
"The camp is a breeding ground for new recruitment to IS," he said.
At the same time, the humanitarian situation is difficult.
Expelled from Rojava
The fact that women are coming to Sweden now is a consequence of the Kurdish self-government expelling them.
The Swedish Ministry of Foreign Affairs states that it has an obligation to receive its own citizens and that this must be done in accordance with international practice.
Just outside Qamishli, the building where the trials were to take place is still half-finished.Keywords: