my country strives to achieve carbon peaks by 2030 and carbon neutrality by 2060. It is a major strategic decision made by the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core after careful consideration. It is related to the sustainable development of the Chinese nation and the building of a community with a shared future for mankind.
We must thoroughly study and implement Xi Jinping’s thoughts on ecological civilization, fully, accurately, and comprehensively implement the new development concept, take energy efficiency improvement as an important focus for achieving carbon peaks and carbon neutrality, and adhere to and strengthen energy-saving work throughout the entire process and in various fields. Continue to reduce carbon dioxide emissions at the source, promote a comprehensive green transformation of economic and social development, and build a modernization in which man and nature live in harmony.
1. Achieving carbon peak and carbon neutrality puts forward new and higher requirements for energy saving and carbon reduction work
General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized that achieving carbon peaking and carbon neutrality is a broad and profound economic and social systemic change. Carbon peaking and carbon neutrality must be incorporated into the overall layout of ecological civilization construction, and the power to grasp iron will be traced. , To achieve the goal of peaking carbon by 2030 and carbon neutral by 2060 on schedule.
As the largest developing country in the world, my country is still in the stage of industrialization and urbanization. The demand for energy resources maintains rigid growth, the time window for achieving carbon peak and carbon neutrality is tight, and the work tasks are heavy. With the energy-saving and carbon reduction as an important starting point, we will accelerate the transformation of development mode, optimize economic structure, transform growth momentum, and promote economic and social development based on efficient use of resources and green and low-carbon development.
Energy saving is the key support for achieving the carbon peak and carbon neutral goal.
Energy consumption, especially fossil energy consumption, is the most important source of carbon dioxide emissions in my country.
To achieve carbon peak and carbon neutrality on schedule, we must unswervingly put energy conservation in the first place, give full play to the source control role of energy conservation, achieve carbon peak at a lower peak level, and promote my country's energy efficiency level to be world-class and even The world's leading level has formed an effective carbon emission control valve.
Energy conservation is an important measure to promote the adjustment and optimization of the industrial structure.
The heavy industrial structure and low energy efficiency are the difficulties for my country to achieve carbon peak and carbon neutrality.
It is necessary to further play the leading role of energy conservation and increase energy efficiency, strictly control the increase, adjust and optimize the stock, accelerate the promotion of industrial transformation and upgrading, and promote the development of my country's industrial development to the middle and high-end.
Energy conservation is an inevitable choice to alleviate the contradiction between energy supply and demand.
From the perspective of supply, my country's energy supply guarantee capacity has been continuously enhanced, but the extensive use of energy is prominent, and energy security guarantees are still under great pressure.
From the perspective of demand, my country's per capita electricity consumption is only 56% of that of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries. With the acceleration of modernization and the improvement of people's living standards, my country's energy demand will continue to grow rigidly.
Facing the prominent contradiction between energy supply and demand, it is urgent to take energy conservation as an important way to alleviate the contradiction between energy supply and demand and meet the growth of energy demand.
Energy conservation is an important source of cultivating new drivers of high-quality development.
my country's energy-saving technology progress and industrial development space is huge.
To achieve the carbon peak and carbon neutral goals as scheduled, we must vigorously promote technological innovation in the energy sector, promote the innovative development of energy-saving and carbon-reduction industries, and accelerate the green transformation and upgrading of traditional industries.
The continuous formation of new development momentum in this process will also provide solid industrial and technical support for achieving carbon peak and carbon neutrality.
2. Solidly promote the key tasks of energy conservation and carbon reduction during the 14th Five-Year Plan
The "14th Five-Year Plan" is the first five years in which my country embarked on a new journey of building a socialist modern country in an all-round way and marched toward the second centenary goal. It is a critical period and window period for carbon peaks.
We must thoroughly implement Xi Jinping’s thoughts on ecological civilization, earnestly implement the decisions and deployments of the Party Central Committee and the State Council on carbon peaking and carbon neutrality, based on the new development stage, fully, accurately and comprehensively implement the new development concept, build a new development pattern, and promote high quality Develop, effectively enhance the sense of urgency, responsibility, and mission, integrate energy conservation into all aspects and the entire process of economic and social development, vigorously promote structural energy conservation, technical energy conservation, and management energy conservation, accelerate the green and low-carbon transformation of production and lifestyle, and help carbon peak , The goal of carbon neutrality was achieved on schedule.
Make overall plans for the overall design of energy conservation and carbon reduction during the 14th Five-Year Plan.
To study, formulate and report to the State Council for the issuance of a comprehensive work plan for energy conservation and emission reduction during the "14th Five-Year Plan", clarifying the overall thinking, key projects, major policies and safeguard measures for energy conservation during the "14th Five-Year Plan".
Formulate and issue an implementation plan to strengthen the energy conservation and use of the whole society to promote carbon peaks, and further refine the implementation of the energy-saving goals and tasks of the "14th Five-Year Plan".
Based on the important basis of energy output rate, the energy-saving targets of the "14th Five-Year Plan" will be decomposed and implemented to all regions, and the targets and tasks will be tightened to ensure the completion of the 13.5% reduction in energy consumption per unit of GDP.
Strictly implement dual control of energy consumption intensity and total amount.
Implement the work requirements of "Improving the Dual Control System of Energy Consumption Intensity and Total Volume", adhere to and improve the dual control system of energy consumption, strictly manage the energy consumption intensity binding index, and reasonably control the total energy consumption.
Improve energy consumption dual control management measures, enhance the flexibility of total energy consumption management, and promote more rational allocation of energy resources and a substantial increase in utilization efficiency.
Strengthen the effective integration of industrial planning and layout, major project construction and energy consumption dual control policies.
Resolutely curb the blind development of the "two highs" project.
It is necessary to resolutely curb the blind development of the "two highs" projects in an important position of energy conservation, as the top priority and top priority of carbon peaking and carbon neutrality, and we must make great efforts to grasp it.
Resolutely win the "two high" projects that do not meet the requirements.
Vigorously promote energy conservation and carbon reduction in key areas.
In the industrial field, we will further promote energy-saving and carbon-reduction process innovation in coal-fired power, steel, non-ferrous, building materials, petrochemical, and chemical industries, and comprehensively build a green manufacturing system.
In the field of transportation, build an energy-saving and low-carbon transportation system, adjust and optimize the transportation structure, vigorously promote electrification in the transportation field, and promote energy-saving and new energy vehicles and ships.
In the field of construction, we will improve building energy efficiency standards, promote green construction techniques and green building materials, and strengthen the demonstration of ultra-low energy consumption and near-zero energy consumption buildings.
In the field of public institutions, energy consumption quota management has been promoted, and the creation of demonstration units of energy-saving public institutions has been carried out in an all-round way.
In the field of new infrastructure, improve the energy efficiency of new infrastructure such as data centers and 5G, and accelerate the construction of green data centers.
Speed up the development and promotion of advanced energy-saving technologies and products and equipment.
Give full play to the advantages of the new national system and the main role of enterprise innovation, strengthen research and demonstration applications of energy-saving and carbon-reduction technology, and deploy a batch of research on cutting-edge energy-saving and carbon-reduction technologies.
Speed up the promotion of advanced high-efficiency energy-saving products and equipment, and eliminate outdated and low-efficiency equipment.
Carry out in-depth energy-saving and carbon-reduction actions for all citizens.
Strengthen education for all people on energy conservation and low carbon, and resolutely curb extravagance, waste and unreasonable consumption.
Guide enterprises to actively adapt to the requirements of green and low-carbon development.
Give full play to the role of platforms such as the National Energy Conservation Promotion Week, increase energy conservation and carbon reduction publicity, and form a new trend for a green and low-carbon society.
Strengthen international energy efficiency cooperation.
Actively publicize China Energy Conservation's great contribution to global sustainable development.
Relying on the green "Belt and Road" construction, South-South cooperation and other mechanisms, drive advanced energy-saving technology products, standards, and business models to go global, and contribute Chinese wisdom and Chinese solutions to the global response to climate change and energy efficiency improvement.
3. Continuously strengthen institutional guarantees and basic support for energy-saving and carbon-reduction work
To meet the requirements of the standard carbon peak and carbon neutral target, strengthen policy coordination, improve the institutional system, build a long-term mechanism, promote the modernization of energy-saving management, service, and supervision capabilities, and accelerate the formation of an incentive and restraint mechanism that is conducive to green and low-carbon development.
Strict energy-saving target responsibilities.
Strictly carry out the assessment of the responsibility of the provincial people's government for the dual control of energy consumption, and the results of the assessment will serve as an important basis for the comprehensive assessment and evaluation of the leadership of the provincial people's government and leading cadres.
Strengthen the monitoring and early warning of the situation of the completion of the dual control targets for energy consumption across the country and in various regions, regularly release a barometer of the completion of dual control targets for energy consumption, implement window guidance for areas with high warning levels, and urge control of areas where the dual control targets for energy consumption are lagging behind. The pace of production and construction of the "Two Highs" project.
Improve energy-saving regulations and standards.
Speed up the revision of laws and regulations such as the Energy Conservation Law and Energy Conservation Review Measures.
Carry out one hundred energy-saving and carbon-reduction standards improvement actions, promptly revise a batch of mandatory national standards for energy consumption quotas and product and equipment energy efficiency, and expand the coverage of energy consumption quota standards.
Strengthen the construction of basic systems.
Strictly enforce the energy-saving review system for fixed asset investment projects, and strictly control the energy efficiency level of new projects from the source.
Strengthen energy-saving management of key energy-consuming units, carry out in-depth energy-saving supervision, and strengthen energy-saving supervision during and after the event.
Promote local implementation of energy budget management.
Improve energy-saving economic policies.
Improve the price, taxation and financial policies that are conducive to energy conservation.
Improve the green electricity price policy with energy conservation as an important guide, and strictly prohibit the implementation of preferential electricity price policies for energy-intensive industries.
Increase financial investment to support the construction of key projects for energy conservation and carbon reduction.
Improve the green financial system, and support qualified energy-saving and emission-reduction companies to go public for financing and refinancing.
Accelerate the construction of a national energy rights trading market.
Encourage the energy-saving service industry to continuously innovate business models and service formats.
Consolidate basic energy-saving capabilities.
Improve energy measurement, statistics, and monitoring systems, improve energy consumption statistics and indicator systems in industries, construction, and transportation, and gradually promote the sharing and analysis of big data resources in the field of energy conservation and carbon reduction.
All regions and departments should unite more closely around the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core, follow the decisions and deployments of the Party Central Committee and the State Council on carbon peaking and carbon neutrality, adhere to the energy development strategy of priority to energy conservation, and forge ahead and work hard. Promising and solid work, deepen the energy production and consumption revolution, promote clean, low-carbon, safe and efficient use of energy, ensure the completion of the "14th Five-Year Plan" energy consumption dual control goals, help achieve the carbon peak and carbon neutral goals, and promote high quality New progress has been achieved in the development and construction of ecological civilization.
(The author is the deputy secretary and deputy director of the Party Leadership Group of the National Development and Reform Commission)