China speeds up the construction of national cultural parks

  On August 9, a blockbuster piece of news appeared on the front page of the People's Daily-"The Great Wall, the Grand Canal, and the Long March National Cultural Park Construction and Protection Plan Released."

The news also revealed that to "speed up" the construction of the National Cultural Park, the construction and protection plan for the Yellow River National Cultural Park will be "issued as soon as possible."

  This news made the topic of "National Cultural Park" aroused once again.

When did the vision and construction of the Great Wall, the Grand Canal, the Long March and the Yellow River come from, what is the significance, and what is the progress?

Create an important symbol of Chinese culture

  "National Cultural Park" is a new formulation.

  At the beginning of 2017, the "Opinions on the Implementation of the Inheritance and Development Project of Chinese Excellent Traditional Culture" issued by the Central Office and the Office of the State Council proposed for the first time "planning and building a number of national cultural parks, which will become an important symbol of Chinese culture."

  Professor Wang Xuebin of the Department of Culture, History and Education of the Central Party School (National School of Administration) believes that based on the concept itself, the "National Cultural Park" encompasses at least three levels of content.

He believes that the national cultural park has always been based on the national level. From the perspective of image selection, it must be able to represent the national image, highlight the Chinese civilization, and have the characteristics of high national recognition.

Culture is the soul of a country and a nation.

Culture rejuvenates the country and prosperity, and the culture is strong and the nation is strong.

Whether it is the Great Wall, the Grand Canal, the Long March, or the Yellow River, they are unique symbols of the Chinese nation that carry the deepest cultural memory.

"Park" is the basic positioning.

Since the national cultural park represents the top-level design of the "nation", it is intended to show the macro pattern. "Culture" embodies the essential attributes and strengthens the emotional connection. Then the "park" is the expression of ownership and space restriction, and it has irreplaceable features. Compound function.

In his view, the Yellow River, the Great Wall, the Grand Canal, and the Long March all possess the triple attributes of "national", "culture" and "park".

  In July 2019, the Central Committee for Comprehensive Deepening Reform deliberated and approved the "Great Wall, Grand Canal, and Long March National Cultural Park Construction Plan" (referred to as the "Plan"), and the construction of the National Cultural Park entered the "fast lane".

The meeting pointed out that the construction of the Great Wall, the Grand Canal, and the Long March National Cultural Park is of great significance for strengthening cultural self-confidence, demonstrating the lasting influence of Chinese excellent traditional culture and the powerful appeal of revolutionary culture.

  At the end of the year, the "Plan" was issued.

From the perspective of the main tasks, the construction of national cultural parks has four aspects-revision and formulation of laws and regulations, preparation of construction protection plans, implementation of cultural relics and cultural resources protection, inheritance and utilization, coordinated promotion of basic projects, and improvement of national cultural park construction management systems and mechanisms.

  In terms of time, the construction of the Great Wall, the Grand Canal, and the Long March National Cultural Park is planned to take about 4 years and will be basically completed by the end of 2023.

  In terms of construction scope, the Great Wall National Cultural Park includes the Great Walls of the Warring States, Qin, and Han Dynasties, the Northern Wei, Northern Qi, Sui, Tang, Five Dynasties, Song, Xixia, and Liao with the defense system of the Great Wall, the Jinjie trench, and the Ming Great Wall.

Involving 15 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities including Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanxi, Inner Mongolia, Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Shandong, Henan, Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia and Xinjiang.

The Grand Canal National Cultural Park, including the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal, the Sui-Tang Grand Canal, and the East Zhejiang Canal, Tonghui River, North Canal, South Canal, Huitong River, Zhongyun River, Huaiyang Canal, Jiangnan Canal, Zhejiang There are 10 river sections of the East Canal, Yongji Canal (Weihe), and Tongji Canal (Bianhe).

Involving 8 provinces and cities in Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Shandong and Henan.

The Long March National Cultural Park focuses on the Long March route of the First Army of the Chinese Workers and Peasants Red Army (Central Red Army), taking into account the Long March routes of the Red Second and Fourth Army and the Red Twenty-Fifth Army.

Involving 15 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities including Fujian, Jiangxi, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong, Guangxi, Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai and Ningxia.

  In October 2020, the "Recommendations of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Formulating the Fourteenth Five-Year Plan for National Economic and Social Development and Long-Term Goals for 2035" clearly stated: the construction of the Great Wall, the Grand Canal, the Long March, the Yellow River and other national cultural parks.

So far, the number of national cultural parks has risen from three to four.

  In August this year, the "Great Wall National Cultural Park Construction and Protection Plan", "The Grand Canal National Cultural Park Construction and Protection Plan" and "Long March National Cultural Park Construction and Protection Plan" were released.

Compared with the previous overall plan, they plan the construction and protection of each national cultural park separately.

Carry forward the national spirit

  Cultural self-confidence is more basic, broader, and deeper self-confidence.

  Speaking of the construction of the National Cultural Park, Fan Zhoukanwen, dean of the Institute of Cultural Development of Communication University of China, believes that it is necessary to "strengthen the primacy of culture and highlight cultural characteristics."

He said that the basis for the high-quality construction of a national cultural park is a deep understanding and excavation of the cultural genes of the Chinese nation.

  The soul of the National Cultural Park is culture.

The Great Wall embodies the Chinese nation’s spirit of continuous striving for self-improvement and the patriotism of united efforts and perseverance. It has become a representative symbol of the Chinese nation and an important symbol of Chinese civilization.

General Secretary Xi Jinping requested that the Great Wall cultural value excavation and cultural heritage heritage protection work should be done well, promote the national spirit, and gather a majestic force for the realization of the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

  The Grand Canal is a precious heritage left to us by our ancestors, and a flowing culture.

The excavation of the Grand Canal began in the Spring and Autumn Period in 486 BC, and experienced 2500 years of construction, use and maintenance led by the state.

In the 7th century AD (Sui Dynasty), the Grand Canal was fully penetrated for the first time.

In the 13th century AD (Yuan Dynasty), the north-south Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal was formed due to the migration of the political center.

General Secretary Xi Jinping requested that the protection of the cultural heritage of the Grand Canal should be integrated with the promotion of ecological environmental protection, the protection and restoration of famous cities and towns along the line, the integration and development of cultural tourism, and the transformation and upgrading of the canal shipping, so as to create for the economic and social development of the region along the Grand Canal and the improvement of people’s lives. Favorable conditions.

  The Great Long March is the immortal epic of the Chinese nation.

During the Long March, the heroic Red Army fought against the Xiangjiang River, crossed the Chishui River, crossed the Jinsha River, forcibly crossed the Dadu River, flew over the Luding Bridge, fought against Dushu Town, and took the seat, moved to Wumeng Mountain, and repelled millions of evil spirits. The chasing troops blocked the enemy, conquered icebergs and snow ridges with thin air, crossed the uninhabited swamp grassland, crossed more than ten provinces, and drove 25,000 miles.

During the 25,000-mile journey of the First Red Army, an average of one Red Army died every 300 meters.

General Secretary Xi Jinping said that the victory of the Long March relied on the heroism and revolutionary spirit of the soldiers of the Red Army overwhelming all enemies without being overwhelmed by any enemy, conquering all difficulties without being conquered by any difficulties.

  The nine-curved Yellow River, rushing forward, has shaped the Chinese nation's self-improvement national character with its indomitable and majestic momentum, and is an important foundation for the Chinese nation to strengthen its cultural self-confidence.

The Yellow River culture is the root and soul of the Chinese nation.

For thousands of years, the continual Yellow River and the Yangtze River have nurtured the Chinese nation and nurtured Chinese civilization.

As early as the ancient times, the legend of Yan and Huang Emperors was born here.

In the history of my country's civilization for more than 5,000 years, the Yellow River Basin has been the political, economic, and cultural center of the country for more than 3,000 years, giving birth to Hehuang Culture, Heluo Culture, Guanzhong Culture, Qilu Culture, etc.

General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that it is necessary to deeply explore the value of the times contained in the Yellow River culture, tell the "Yellow River Story" well, continue the historical context, strengthen cultural self-confidence, and gather spiritual strength for the realization of the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

  According to the "Plan", the "key" for the construction of a national cultural park is to focus on implementing a number of iconic projects, focusing on five key areas to implement basic projects: protection and inheritance, research and excavation, environmental support, cultural and tourism integration, and digital reproduction.

Among them, four key areas emphasize cultural protection.

  In terms of protection and inheritance, rescue protection of endangered and damaged cultural relics and preventive and active protection of key cultural relics are required.

In terms of research and excavation, it is required to strengthen the system research of the Great Wall culture, the Grand Canal culture, and the Long March spirit, and highlight the overall recognition of the "Great Wall", "Millennium Canal", and "Twenty-Five Thousand Miles Long March".

In terms of cultural and tourism integration, it is required to develop ecological and cultural tours around the Great Wall with the scenery of the Forbidden City as the characteristic, to develop water sightseeing and waterfront leisure tours in the Huaiyang area of ​​the Grand Canal with canal water charm, and to "revisit the Long March Road along the Long March" "Develop in-depth experience tours and red study tours featuring the development.

In terms of digital reproduction, digital display of cultural relics and cultural resources is required.

There is deployment, there is implementation

  One point for deployment, nine points for implementation.

  Work continues to advance.

In terms of organization and management, the establishment of the National Cultural Park Construction Leading Group has given full play to the functional advantages of the Central Propaganda Department, the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, and the National Cultural Heritage Administration.

In addition, the establishment of the expert advisory committee provides decision-making staff and policy advice.

Relevant provinces are establishing and improving their regional leadership systems.

  The time node is getting closer.

According to the "Plan", the Hebei section of the Great Wall, the Jiangsu section of the Grand Canal, and the Guizhou section of the Long March, as key construction areas, will be completed by the end of 2021, forming a batch of replicated and popularizing experience and creating good conditions for comprehensively promoting the construction of the National Cultural Park .

  Among them, the Hebei section of the Great Wall is built on the Yanshan-Taihang Mountains. There are 8 Great Walls of different periods of nearly 2500 kilometers, and it has valuable resources such as Shanhaiguan and Jinshanling Great Wall.

At present, the construction of this section of the Great Wall National Cultural Park is smooth.

In addition, the "Great Wall National Cultural Park (Beijing Section) Construction and Protection Plan" and its implementation plan have been reviewed and approved.

The construction of the Liaoxi Ming Great Wall Cultural Park in Huludao City, Liaoning Province, started in March this year.

It is located in the center of the Liaoxi Corridor, integrating walls, forts, posts and guards, with a total length of 265.2 kilometers.

Qinghai Province, with Datong Hui and Tu Autonomous County, Guide County, Huzhu Tu Autonomous County, and the Great Wall Section of Ledu District, Haidong City as the core, promotes the Great Wall National Cultural Park (Qinghai Section) through key project construction and the creation of a demonstration zone for cultural and tourism integration. Construction.

  With regard to the construction of the Grand Canal National Cultural Park, the eight provinces (cities) along the Grand Canal have respectively formulated a provincial implementation plan for the protection, inheritance and utilization of the Grand Canal culture.

As of September last year, the "four beams and eight pillars" planning system for the protection, inheritance and utilization of the Grand Canal culture has been formed.

The National Development and Reform Commission, in conjunction with relevant departments and localities, has compiled the "Construction Plan for Major Projects of the Grand Canal National Cultural Park", focusing on eight such items as the "Pavilion", "Site", "Park", "Bank", "Relics", "Section", "Products" and "Shen". A number of key projects have been planned.

A few days ago, during the 14th Five-Year Plan period in Jiangsu, cultural protection, inheritance and utilization projects entered the publicity stage, and 13 of the 22 warehousing projects belonged to the Grand Canal National Cultural Park.

  Construction of a Long March National Cultural Park is stepping up in Yudu County, Jiangxi Province, where the Central Red Army assembled.

In June this year, the Sichuan, Guizhou, and Yunnan Provincial Cultural Relics Bureaus signed a strategic cooperation agreement in Gulin County, Sichuan, and established the "Long March National Cultural Park Sidu Chishui Red Alliance", which agreed to accelerate the construction of the Sichuan, Yunnan and Guizhou Long March National Cultural Park.

In August, the "Plan for the Construction and Protection of Yunnan Long March National Cultural Park" was reviewed and approved by the National Cultural Park Expert Advisory Committee, and other related work was progressing steadily.

The overall layout of Zunyi, Guizhou is to build the "16th Exhibition Park, with Zunyi as the center; 11th Exhibition Belt, with the ring corridor as the focus", and establish the Long March Red Education and Training System with the "Long March Cadre Academy" as the brand, relying on the Long March historical trail Build a "Thousand Miles of Red Army Road" and connect the "100 Red Army Villages" along the route.

  The Yellow River National Cultural Park Construction Promotion Conference was held in Jinan, Shandong in June this year.

At the meeting, responsible comrades from 9 provinces and regions along the Yellow River, including Qinghai, Sichuan, Gansu, Ningxia, Inner Mongolia, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Henan, and Shandong, respectively introduced their work and their next work considerations.

Currently, Shandong is building the Yellow River Cultural Tourism Corridor, relying on the Yellow River cultural landmarks and spiritual signs with Shandong characteristics such as Mount Tai, Confucius, the Yellow River into the sea, and the Yimeng spirit, and jointly build the Yellow River National Cultural Park, creating a Yellow River cultural identity system and an international experience destination.

  Some provinces (regions, cities) span multiple national cultural parks, such as Beijing.

In August this year, the "Beijing’s "Fourteenth Five-Year Plan" Period Historical and Cultural City Protection and Development Plan" proposed to build a number of important Chinese cultural signs around the construction of the Grand Canal and the Great Wall National Cultural Park, and realize a number of major signs such as the Grand Canal Museum. Landing of sex projects.

  Reporter: Chen Zhenkai

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