What issues should be paid attention to when minors get the new crown vaccine

  ◎Reporter Zhang Jiaxing

  At present, my country has successively carried out the new crown vaccination work for people aged 12-17. This is not only because the child population is an indispensable part of the establishment of herd immunity against the new crown virus, but also because the human understanding of the new crown virus is constantly refreshing. .

  At a press conference on the Joint Prevention and Control Mechanism of the State Council held on August 13, Wang Huaqing, chief expert of the China Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s immunization program, said that the awareness of children infected with the new crown virus has been constantly updated. Generally speaking, children and adolescents are both People who are susceptible to the new coronavirus.

  The harm of the new crown virus to children is constantly refreshing

  "Previous knowledge of the new crown virus believed that the incidence and prevalence of the new crown virus for children are not high, but as the epidemic continues to spread, especially in some countries with more severe epidemics, the prevalence of children is rising. "Wang Huaqing said that with the rebound of a new round of the epidemic in other countries, the prevalence of children in some areas has been close to the level of the same period last year.

  Children do not have special resistance to the new coronavirus.

  A previous retrospective study led by the University of Milan, Italy even showed that the first new coronavirus nucleic acid positive sample collected on September 12, 2019 came from an 8-month-old child, and his serum antibody test was also positive. .

  It can be seen that in the early stage of the spread of the new coronavirus, it has been able to infect children.

  Wang Huaqing also updated another previous cognition.

He said that he previously thought that children had milder symptoms after suffering from the new crown, but now he found that as the number of child patients continues to increase, in fact, some of them have developed serious illnesses, and some children have died.

  Vaccination of minors should prevent psychological reactions

  According to He Qinghua, first-level inspector of the CDC of the National Health Commission, according to the overall deployment of COVID-19 vaccination, various provinces have successively carried out COVID-19 vaccination work for people aged 12-17. So far, the total number of doses has exceeded 6000. Ten thousand doses.

  He Qinghua specially reminded that the mental development of minors is not perfect and they are prone to psychogenic reactions. All localities should do well in popularizing science education in advance.

Psychogenic reactions generally occur during intensive vaccination. Once a person has problems with vaccination, other people will have similar problems due to inner concerns.

  Wang Huaqing said that psychogenic reactions are not considered adverse reactions, but because they are in adolescent development period, psychogenic reactions are more likely to occur.

Psychological reactions can also be seen in the monitoring data.

  In addition, minors between the ages of 12 and 17 need to be accompanied by their parents or guardians to vaccinate against the new crown.

Wang Huaqing explained that it is because the "Vaccine Management Law" requires the vaccination doctor to truthfully inform the type of vaccination, the protective effect of the vaccine, the contraindications of the vaccine, the safety of the vaccine and related precautions during the vaccination process, and at the same time ask the recipients Health status.

The acquisition and notification of this information requires guardians and parents to complete.

  Parents and guardians also have an important task, which is to reduce the occurrence of psychogenic reactions.

Wang Huaqing said that psychogenic reactions are non-organic reactions and can be prevented.

For example, when parents and guardians accompany their children to vaccinate, they should relax, and at the same time find ways to keep their children from getting nervous, which can greatly reduce psychogenic reactions.

  Monitoring shows that abnormal reactions such as allergies are rare

  So, what is the adverse reaction of the new crown vaccine to the younger 12-17-year-old people?

  my country has established an adverse reaction monitoring platform to monitor and analyze the adverse reactions of the new crown vaccination.

Wang Huaqing said that according to the monitoring and analysis of adverse reactions, the incidence of adverse reactions of children and adolescents vaccinated with the new crown vaccine is not higher than that of adults over the age of 18, including both general reactions and abnormal reactions.

The general reaction of adolescents after being vaccinated with the new crown vaccine is mainly fever, in addition to local pain, redness and swelling.

Abnormal reactions are mainly allergic reactions. Although very rare, we have seen individual cases, mainly allergic rashes, with relatively mild symptoms.

  According to the official website of the National Health Commission, as of August 14, 2021, 31 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) and the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps have reported a total of 1,853,839 million doses of COVID-19 vaccine.

In the next step, the National Health Commission will continue to promote the vaccination work for people aged 12-17 in an orderly manner on the basis of good vaccination and ensuring the safety of vaccination.

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