In an interview with one of the leaders of political parties in Afghanistan

INTERVIEW.. America has left a legacy of poverty, hunger, corruption and money laundering

Cute pedram.

From the source

The leader of the Afghan National Congress and former Member of Parliament, Dr. Latif Pedram, believes that the hasty withdrawal of US and NATO forces from Afghanistan has left "a devastated land and political system stained with blood and hate".

He believes that the former Soviet Union and the United States have failed miserably in the future economic and social reconstruction of the war-torn country.

The following are excerpts from the interview he gave to the Global Times, before the Taliban took control of Afghanistan:

■ The withdrawal of US forces ended the nearly 20-year war in Afghanistan.

However, the security situation in Afghanistan has become increasingly complex and dangerous in recent days with the escalation of violence.

What does the withdrawal of US forces from Afghanistan mean?

■■ The withdrawal of US forces did not put an end to the 20-year war in Afghanistan, but only ended the longest war in the history of the wars of American hegemony and occupation.

Despite the presence of US forces and their allies and NATO, the war in Afghanistan has continued and is still going on.

The United States surreptitiously left its largest military base at Bagram, north of Kabul, in the dark of night without informing Kabul.

The United States did not remain true to its obligations under the Kabul-Washington Strategic Pact.

■ In your opinion, what is the political, social and economic legacy that America left in the country?

■■ What Afghanistan inherited from the United States is poverty, high unemployment, the destruction of social services, the unprecedented increase in class differences, the wealth gap, the destruction of the middle class, the spread of economic mafia networks, the production and smuggling of drugs and the spread of addiction among more than four million young people, And ethnic wars, the collapse of values, the growing culture of corruption, money laundering and lying.

The United States has also disappointed people and destroyed their expectations of democracy, human rights, and civil rights.

America has concealed, under the guise of its claim to spread democracy, an imperial and colonial behavior, and it has not refrained from violating human rights.

Afghans' frustration with so-called American democracy and human rights is another part of America's legacy in Afghanistan.

■ The "Taliban" claimed a short time ago that it controlled 85% of Afghanistan. How can its claim be proven?

What is the real reality of the "Taliban"'s power and control?

■■ Definitely yes, about 75-80% is controlled by the "Taliban", 70% is clear and accurate.

This means that they are able to control many areas.

They control (as of the date of this interview) more than 205 districts, nearly half of all districts in Afghanistan.

This is not a lie or an exaggeration.

Whether the forces of the Kabul regime were defeated, retreated, or purchased, the Taliban movement has achieved many successes.

■ The Afghan government and the Taliban started a new round of peace talks on July 17th.

Are you optimistic about these peace talks?

What are the most pressing issues in the talks?

■■ We do not have reliable signs, just theories and beliefs. In achieving peace, we must achieve lasting peace through dialogue and the use of peaceful means. I am optimistic about peace, but not the way the negotiations are. We must have another kind of peace talks on hand, and the spectrum of negotiators must be rethought. The main and serious disputed issues are: the type of government resulting from the talks, the methods of its formation, the jurisprudential principles, the religious principles of the government, who will head the interim government, the elections, and whether the country will be an Islamic emirate or a republic.

The transitional government should include the Taliban, other opposition forces, and genuine representatives of ethnic groups, some from the Kabul regime, individuals, institutions, and political parties.

Civil rights, ethnic and cultural diversity, and the level of social, economic and cultural development that varies from province to province must be recognized in a democratic federal government.

Federalism is the right solution to the current crisis and ethnic war.

• Afghans' frustration with the so-called American democracy and human rights is another part of the legacy that America left in Afghanistan.

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