, Beijing, August 12 (Du Yan and Xu Jing) Recently, the new crown virus has been "rampant" in many places across the country.

In the current round of the epidemic, children in Nanjing and Yangzhou have been "recruited."

However, in the daily protection of infants and young children, many parents still have many questions: Do children need to wear masks?

How can children wear masks more safely and effectively?

Summer is the season for high incidence of infectious diseases. What should children do if they have a fever?

  Mou Danlei, deputy director and chief physician of the Department of Respiratory and Infectious Diseases of Beijing You'an Hospital, answered the above questions in detail in an interview with reporters and made suggestions for the daily protection of infants and young children.

Babies under one year old should not wear masks. How to do daily protection?

  Mou Danlei said that infants under one year old should not wear masks because the infant's respiratory system is immature and cannot clearly express feelings. Wearing masks can easily cause hypoxia and even risk suffocation.

She emphasized that we should avoid taking babies out to crowded places as much as possible. When going out for vaccination, hospital physical examination, etc., try to choose a well-ventilated area to wait. If necessary, you can wear a mask for a short time under the close supervision of a guardian. .

The protection of babies is mainly passive protection, which indirectly protects the child by wearing masks by parents, family members and caregivers.

  Infants under one year old should not wear masks. In daily life, please pay attention to:

  ——If it is not necessary, try not to take your children out, especially in public places or confined spaces.

When going out, try not to take public transportation and stay away from other people as much as possible (keep a distance of at least 1 meter).

Change clothes and wash hands promptly after going out and going home.

  ——Do not sneeze or exhale at the child.

  —— Caregivers should clean their hands when touching children’s toys, utensils and daily necessities, or before communicating and playing. Do not share tableware with children. When feeding children, do not taste or try with their mouths. Do not feed to children after chewing.

  ——If parents have respiratory diseases, they should also wear masks at home, and stay at home appropriately to avoid close contact with babies as much as possible.

  ——The home should be ventilated regularly. When it is ventilated, the child can be moved to another room to avoid colds.

  Mou Danlei suggested that for children over 1 year old, if they go out, try to wear a mask.

However, it is recommended that during the epidemic period, try not to take children to shopping malls and supermarkets, and avoid going to large playgrounds, especially large indoor playgrounds.

Infant summer fever should be treated differently

  In summer, many children are prone to fever.

What should parents do?

Mou Danlei believes that if it is a low-grade fever, the body temperature is lower than 38 degrees Celsius, and the infants and young children are generally in good condition, without vomiting, diarrhea, shortness of breath, poor spirits, convulsions, disturbance of consciousness and other accompanying symptoms, especially when there are obvious incentives. For example, if you use air-conditioning in summer, you can refrain from going to the hospital and take physical cooling or medication cooling at home (when the body temperature exceeds 38.5 degrees Celsius). At the same time, closely observe the child's body temperature, general condition, and state of consciousness.

  However, she emphasized that if the body temperature of infants and young children continues to exceed 39 degrees Celsius, or the effect of taking antipyretics is not satisfactory, or if the fever is repeated for more than 1 day, or if they have other severe symptoms, they should go to the hospital immediately to avoid delaying the disease. Diagnosis and treatment.

  She pointed out that common infectious diseases in infants and young children include: hand, foot and mouth disease, intestinal infections, influenza, measles, rubella, chickenpox, scarlet fever, mumps, etc.

Many of these infectious diseases are fever and rash. Parents should check the child's skin at any time if infants from 6 months to 3 years old develop fever. If there is a rash, they should go to the hospital in time.

  She emphasized that for infants with simple fever, if there is no clear epidemiological history of infectious diseases, they can first go to the fever clinic of a secondary or higher medical institution. It is not recommended to go directly to Beijing You'an Hospital for treatment.

Infants and young children have to make appointments at different times when they have a fever

  Recently, the domestic new crown pneumonia epidemic situation has been spreading at multiple points. What problems should be paid attention to when bringing infants and young children to the fever clinic of You'an Hospital?

  According to reports, at present, You'an Hospital enters the compound from the west gate of the hospital, and the attending staff need to scan the code to show the health treasure status (or read the health treasure information through the ID card or medical insurance card) and measure the body temperature, and cooperate with the staff to complete the epidemiological history Investigation and pre-inspection triage.

Those who come (return) to Beijing from areas with medium and high risks should actively inform them. If any adverse consequences are caused by concealment and non-reporting, they will be held accountable in accordance with the law.

For fever patients (body temperature ≥37.3°C within 7 days), people who come to Beijing from high-risk areas, people with abnormal health status, or people with abnormal epidemiological history, please follow the staff's guidance to go to the fever clinic.

  She introduced that the outpatient department of the hospital strictly implements non-emergency full appointments and appointments in time intervals, and implements "one visit, one doctor, one patient".

Infants and young children should make appointments in time intervals to reduce the waiting time for infants and young children.

  However, she reminded that, taking into account the current fever clinic visit process, parents of infants and young children should try their best to bring enough formula milk powder, sterilized paper towels, common clothing and other items, especially infants and young children with special food needs, to be prepared, staying and watching, Check the stage of infectious disease in case of emergency.

  Mou Danlei said that the protection of infants and young children is mainly passive protection, and parents should do a good job of protection. Infants and young children should not go out as much as possible, even if they go out, it is best to go to an open place and keep a distance of more than 1 meter from others. In addition, she also emphasized that wearing a mask plays an important role in preventing the spread of the new crown virus. (Finish)