Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, August 12. The State Council Information Office published on the 12th a white paper entitled "Building a Well-off Society in an All-round Way: A Glorious Chapter in the Development of China's Human Rights Cause".

The full text is as follows:

Building a well-off society in all respects: a glorious chapter in the development of China's human rights cause

People's Republic of China

State Council Information Office

August 2021



  1. Building a well-off society in an all-round way, opening up a new realm of human rights

  1. The glorious course of building a well-off society in an all-round way

  2. The human rights connotation of building a well-off society in an all-round way

  3. The human rights significance of building a well-off society in an all-round way

  2. Eliminate absolute poverty and realize the right to a basic standard of living

  1. Poor people's right to food is stably guaranteed

  2. Poor people's drinking water safety is strongly guaranteed

  3. Compulsory education in poverty-stricken areas is fully guaranteed

  4. The basic medical care of the poor is effectively guaranteed

  5. The housing security of the poor is effectively guaranteed

  3. Promote human rights through development and promote economic, social and cultural rights

  1. Epidemic prevention and control pursue life first

  2. Health services are fair and accessible

  3. The quality of life is significantly improved

  4. More employment

  5. Continuous optimization of public cultural services

  6. The right to education is better protected

  7. The social security system covers all people

  8. Continuous improvement of the ecological environment

  9. The Human Development Index has increased substantially

  4. Implementing good laws and good governance to safeguard civil rights and political rights

  1. Expand people's democratic rights

  2. Protection of personal rights

  3. Protection of personal property rights

  4. Strengthen judicial protection of human rights

  5. Guarantee freedom of religious belief

  V. Promote social equity and protect the rights and interests of specific groups

  1. All-round improvement in the protection of farmers' rights and interests

  2. The protection of the rights and interests of women, children and the elderly continues to strengthen

  3. The protection of minority rights and interests has been further improved

  4. More effective protection of the rights and interests of persons with disabilities

  Concluding remarks


  Human rights are the fruits and signs of the progress of human civilization. Respect and protection of human rights is the basic spirit of modern civilization and the unremitting pursuit of the Chinese Communists.

The Communist Party of China is a political party that seeks happiness for the people.

The 100 years of the Chinese Communist Party are 100 years of fighting for human rights, respecting human rights, protecting human rights, and developing human rights. It has greatly improved the level of human rights civilization in China and enriched and developed the diversity of human civilization.

  Building a well-off society in an all-round way is a major national development strategy implemented by the Communist Party of China and the Chinese government to enhance the well-being of the people, raise the level of human rights protection for all people, and realize the modernization of the country.

On July 1, 2021, Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and President of the State, solemnly declared in Beijing on behalf of the party and the people, “We have achieved the first centenary goal and built a moderately prosperous society on the land of China, which is a historic solution. The issue of absolute poverty is moving vigorously towards the second centenary goal of building a modern and powerful socialist country in an all-round way."

This is an exciting moment in the process of human rights in China, a moment in the annals of history, and a moment in the past.

  Building a moderately prosperous society in all respects is a true portrayal of the Communist Party of China not forgetting its original aspirations and keeping in mind its mission.

Under the leadership of the Communist Party of China, the Chinese people worked hard to win a well-off society in an all-round way, and finally realized the historical leap from poverty to subsistence to an overall well-off society to an all-round well-off society.

  A well-off society in an all-round way is a well-off society with economic prosperity, political democracy, cultural prosperity, social fairness, and a sound ecology. It is a well-off society for the balanced development of urban and rural areas and benefits all people. It is a well-off society that truly respects and comprehensively protects human rights.

China has built a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way, consolidated the foundation of human rights, enriched the connotation of human rights, and broadened the vision of human rights, which means the comprehensive development of human rights and the sharing of all people, writing a new chapter in China's human rights cause, and creating a miracle of human rights respect and protection of human rights.

  1. Building a well-off society in an all-round way, opening up a new realm of human rights

  In China, "well-off" is an old term that refers to a state of relatively rich and happy life in which the standard of living is between food and clothing and wealth.

Enjoying a peaceful, peaceful and happy life is a beautiful vision of people since ancient times.

At the beginning of reform and opening up, China proposed the goal of building a moderately prosperous society based on its own specific national conditions, which contained rich connotations of paying attention to and enhancing people's livelihood and welfare, and safeguarding and promoting human rights.

The building of a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way has opened up a new era of comprehensive protection of human rights.

  1. The glorious course of building a well-off society in an all-round way

  Building a moderately prosperous society has been the grand strategy of the Communist Party of China to lead China to achieve national prosperity, national rejuvenation, and people’s happiness since the 1980s.

Based on the analysis and judgment of the actual development of China, the Communist Party of China proposes to insist on taking economic construction as the center and driving the progress of the whole society through economic development.

Since then, "well-off", "building a well-off society in an all-round way" and "building a well-off society in an all-round way" have become the phased goals of the Communist Party of China and the Chinese government.

  In December 1979, Deng Xiaoping proposed the idea of ​​building a "well-off home", creatively borrowing the concept of "well-off" rich in traditional Chinese cultural characteristics to express the important content and goals of "Chinese-style modernization".

The report of the Twelfth National Congress of the Communist Party of China in 1982 made it clear that in the two decades from 1981 to the end of the 20th century, efforts should be made to quadruple the total annual output value of the country's industry and agriculture and solve the problem of food and clothing for the people.

The report of the 14th National Congress of the Communist Party of China in 1992 pointed out that the problem of food and clothing for 1.1 billion people has been basically solved, and they are moving towards a well-off society.

  The report of the 16th National Congress of the Communist Party of China announced in 2002 that “the people’s life has achieved a historic leap from subsistence to a moderately prosperous life on the whole”, and further put forward the goal of “building a well-off society in an all-round way”: in the first two decades of this century, we will concentrate our efforts to achieve a comprehensive Building a higher-level well-off society that benefits more than one billion people will make the economy more developed, democracy more sound, science and education more advanced, culture more prosperous, society more harmonious, and people’s lives more prosperous.

  The report of the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China in 2012 further proposed to “ensure the achievement of the grand goal of building a well-off society in all respects by 2020” to achieve sustained and healthy economic development, continuous expansion of people’s democracy, real respect and protection of human rights, significant enhancement of cultural soft power, and people’s living standards Comprehensive improvement, and significant progress has been made in the construction of a resource-saving and environment-friendly society.

The report of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China in 2017 proposed a decisive victory in building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way. It requires that the main contradictions and changes in Chinese society be closely followed, and the economic construction, political construction, cultural construction, social construction, and ecological civilization construction should be promoted as a whole to overcome difficulties and build a well-off society in an all-round way It is recognized by the people and can stand the test of history.

  On July 1, 2021, Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee and President of the State, solemnly declared in Beijing on behalf of the party and people that a well-off society will be built in all aspects on the land of China.

  The all-round completion of a well-off society marks a crucial step in the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation in the Chinese dream, and fulfills the solemn promises made by the Communist Party of China and the Chinese government to the people and to history.

  2. The human rights connotation of building a well-off society in an all-round way

  The process of building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way is also a process of all-round development of China's human rights cause. It always embodies and contains the strategies, goals and tasks of liberating, protecting, and developing people.

  To build a well-off society in an all-round way, we must first guarantee the right to subsistence.

Survival is the basis for the enjoyment of all human rights.

The construction of a well-off society regards solving the problem of food and clothing and ensuring the right to subsistence as the primary goal, and continuously meets the people's growing material and cultural needs.

In the process of building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way, the people’s quality of life has been significantly improved, food, clothing, housing and transportation have been greatly improved, and the level of protection of the right to survival has been steadily improved.

  To build a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way will inevitably achieve the coordinated development of various human rights.

A well-off society in an all-round way emphasizes ensuring that the achievements of material civilization, political civilization, spiritual civilization, social civilization, and ecological civilization benefit the people.

Adhere to the basic principle of interdependence and indivisibility of human rights, protect economic, social and cultural rights, and protect citizens' personal rights, personality rights, property rights, and democratic political rights, and promote all kinds of human rights and fundamental freedoms in an all-round way.

  To build a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way is to promote the human rights of all people.

A well-off society in an all-round way is essentially a well-off society in which all people share human rights.

In the historical process of building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way, China has established a social justice system with fair opportunities, fair rules, and fair rights to effectively ensure that the people participate in development on an equal footing, promote development together, and share the fruits of development.

The Communist Party of China and the Chinese government adhere to the universality of human rights subjects to ensure that no one is left behind on the road to a comprehensive well-off; adhere to the principle of common prosperity, and promote the prosperity of all people through some people first to get rich, so that the fruits of development equally benefit all people, and achieve distribution justice; The principle of equality and non-discrimination before the law ensures that all citizens, regardless of ethnicity, race, gender, occupation, family origin, religious belief, education, property status, and length of residence, enjoy human rights without distinction and are equally respected ; Persist in the protection of vulnerable groups, with firm determination, precise thinking, and effective measures, and with the strength of the whole society, launch a general attack against absolute poverty, focusing on protecting the basic rights of poor areas and poor people.

  3. The human rights significance of building a well-off society in an all-round way

  Human rights are the foundation of good governance.

China has built a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way, and has always adhered to the values ​​of respecting human rights, protecting human rights, and promoting human rights. It takes increasing the people's sense of gain, happiness, and security as the starting point and goal.

  Building a well-off society in an all-round way has laid a solid material foundation for the protection and development of human rights.

In the process of building a well-off society in an all-round way, China has unswervingly implemented the new development concept, maintained long-term rapid economic growth, and steadily solved the food and clothing problem of more than one billion people; broke the urban-rural dual structure, reformed the income distribution pattern, and continuously improved the income level of the people ; Carry out targeted poverty alleviation, targeted poverty alleviation, decisively overcome poverty alleviation, strengthen the protection of all kinds of vulnerable groups; basically establish a social security system covering the whole people, and greatly improve people's health and medical care; build and improve the public cultural service system, and fully realize free urban and rural areas Compulsory education, build an efficient and ubiquitous information network; accelerate the construction of ecological civilization, implement the basic national policy of environmental protection, increase pollution prevention and control efforts, and significantly improve the ecological environment.

To build a well-off society in an all-round way, economic, social, cultural, and environmental rights will be more equitable and accessible, and the equal participation and development of various subjects in the economic, political, social and cultural fields will be more practical, smooth and convenient.

  Building a well-off society in an all-round way has laid a solid democratic political foundation for the protection and development of human rights.

Adhere to the organic unity of the leadership of the Communist Party of China, the people being the masters of the country, and the rule of law, the party’s leadership system and mechanism have been improved, and the people’s congress system, the system of multi-party cooperation and political consultation under the leadership of the Communist Party of China, the system of ethnic regional autonomy, and the system of grassroots mass autonomy have been steadily develop.

The institutionalization, standardization, rule of law, and proceduralization of socialist democratic politics are constantly advancing, with richer forms of democracy, smoother channels of democracy, and the initial establishment of a social governance pattern of co-construction and sharing, and the people are the masters of the country’s political and social life. Among them, civil rights are more protected, and democratic political rights are more adequate.

  The building of a moderately prosperous society in all respects has promoted the continuous strengthening of the protection of human rights and the rule of law.

"The state respects and protects human rights" is enshrined in the Constitution and has become an important principle of state governance.

Comprehensively promote the rule of law to become a national strategy, ensure the continuous improvement of the system and mechanism for the full implementation of the Constitution, scientific legislation, strict law enforcement, fair justice, and in-depth advancement of law-abiding by all people, the construction of a country under the rule of law, a government under the rule of law, and a society under the rule of law promote each other, and the socialist rule of law with Chinese characteristics The system has been improved day by day, and the concept of the rule of law in the whole society has been significantly enhanced.

The reform of the administrative system, the reform of the national supervision system, and the reform of the judicial system have achieved substantial results, and the power operation restriction and supervision system construction have been effectively implemented.

The level of legalization of human rights protection has been continuously improved.

  Building a well-off society in an all-round way has fostered a culture of respect and protection of human rights in the whole society.

Building a well-off society in an all-round way has promoted the creative transformation and innovative development of Chinese excellent traditional culture. The core values ​​of socialism have been deeply rooted in the hearts of the people, the level of public cultural services has been continuously improved, and cultural undertakings and cultural industries have flourished.

Building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way has better built the Chinese spirit, Chinese values, and Chinese power. Cultural self-confidence has been demonstrated, and the soft power of national culture and the influence of Chinese culture have been greatly enhanced.

The process of building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way is also a process in which everyone continuously improves their awareness of their own value, personal dignity, and subject status, which promotes the formation of a cultural atmosphere that respects and protects human rights.

  2. Eliminate absolute poverty and realize the right to a basic standard of living

  Poverty is the biggest obstacle to the realization of human rights.

The Communist Party of China and the Chinese government pay close attention to the problem of rural poverty, continue to promote poverty alleviation and development, and continue to make new breakthroughs on the road to poverty eradication.

Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Chinese government has taken the poverty alleviation of the poor population as the bottom-line task and a landmark indicator for building a well-off society in an all-round way. Arduous task.

  According to the current poverty standard that the annual living standard of Chinese rural residents is below RMB 2,300 (constant price in 2010), after 8 years of continuous struggle since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, by the end of 2020, 98.99 million rural poor people in China under the current standard will be lifted out of poverty. 832 poverty-stricken counties all took off their hats and all 128,000 poverty-stricken villages were listed, and overall regional poverty was resolved.

Since the reform and opening up, according to the current poverty standards, 770 million rural poor people in China have been lifted out of poverty; according to the World Bank’s international poverty standards, China’s poverty reduction population accounted for more than 70% of the global poverty reduction population during the same period.

China has achieved the poverty reduction goals of the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development 10 years ahead of schedule, and has made significant contributions to the development of global poverty reduction and human development.

  1. Poor people's right to food is stably guaranteed

  The Chinese government has laid a solid foundation for freedom from hunger by developing agricultural production.

Establish a modern agricultural industrial technology system, improve comprehensive agricultural production capacity, achieve steady growth in agricultural product output, and solve the problem of food shortage and malnutrition.

The total national grain output increased from 113.18 million tons in 1949 to 669.49 million tons in 2020.

At present, the per capita food consumption in the country exceeds 474.4 kg, which is higher than the international food security standard of 400 kg per capita.

Ensuring food access for the poor by increasing income.

Establish a targeted poverty alleviation and targeted poverty alleviation mechanism.

The per capita disposable income of rural residents in poverty-stricken areas has increased from 6,079 yuan in 2013 to 12,588 yuan in 2020, with an average annual growth rate of 11.6% from 2013 to 2020.

The intake of grains and cereals by the poor has steadily increased, the problem of "don't worry about eating" has been basically resolved, the health and nutritional status of key poor groups have improved significantly, and the basic right to avoid hunger has been effectively guaranteed.

Ensure the food supply of poor children through the nutrition improvement plan.

Implementing children’s nutrition improvement projects in poverty-stricken areas, providing free 1 pack of complementary food nutritional supplements for infants and young children aged 6-24 months in contiguous areas with special difficulties. As of 2020, a total of 11.2 million children have benefited.

Implementing the nutrition improvement plan for rural compulsory education students, providing nutritional supplements for students, covering 132,000 rural compulsory education schools, benefiting more than 38 million students every year.

  2. Poor people's drinking water safety is strongly guaranteed

  Since 2005, the Chinese government has invested a large amount of financial funds to implement the rural drinking water safety project. By the end of 2015, it has solved the drinking water safety problem of 520 million rural residents and more than 47 million rural school teachers and students.

The problem of drinking water safety in rural areas has basically been resolved.

During the "13th Five-Year Plan" period, the rural drinking water safety consolidation and improvement project was implemented, and 28.89 million poor people have been solved in total, benefiting 382 million rural people.

The penetration rate of tap water in poor areas will increase from 70% in 2015 to 83% in 2020.

Through the implementation of water source replacement, purification treatment, relocation and other measures, a total of 9.52 million rural residents have solved the problem of excessive drinking water fluoride.

  3. Compulsory education in poverty-stricken areas is fully guaranteed

  In-depth implementation of the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan for Educational Poverty Alleviation" and the "Implementation Plan for Educational Poverty Alleviation in Deep Poverty Areas (2018-2020)", to ensure that compulsory education is guaranteed, and to block the intergenerational transmission of poverty.

Vigorously improve the conditions for running compulsory education schools in poverty-stricken areas, and continue to improve the level and quality of education in compulsory education schools.

The Internet access rate of primary and secondary schools (including teaching sites) across the country has reached 100%, and the proportion of schools with multimedia classrooms has reached 95.3%.

Implement a special job plan for teachers in rural compulsory education schools to attract more outstanding college graduates to teach in impoverished rural areas.

The living allowance for rural teachers in contiguous poverty-stricken areas has benefited more than 80,000 schools and 1.27 million teachers, and a total of 190,000 teachers have been selected to support education in remote and poverty-stricken areas and border ethnic areas.

Establish and improve the student financial assistance system, continuously improve the accuracy of student financial assistance, and provide living allowances to all students from financially disadvantaged families who have established a registration card for compulsory education.

Every year, about 150 million urban and rural compulsory education students are exempted from miscellaneous fees and receive free textbooks, about 25 million students from financially disadvantaged families receive living allowances, and about 14 million children of migrant workers in cities can carry relevant education funds.

The problem of dropout in compulsory education for children of poor rural families has been dynamically cleared. In 2020, the consolidation rate of nine-year compulsory education in poverty-stricken counties will reach 94.8%.

  4. The basic medical care of the poor is effectively guaranteed

  Implement health poverty alleviation projects, take comprehensive measures to ensure that the rural poor have access to basic medical and health services, focus on improving the level of medical security for the rural poor, and alleviate the problem of poverty due to illness and return to poverty due to illness.

Continue to improve the county and village three-level medical and health service system. In addition to meeting the basic medical security standards, which may not be established, each township and administrative village has a health center and clinic with qualified doctors, and each poor county There is at least one public hospital; 98% of poverty-stricken counties have at least one hospital above the second level; and the common and chronic diseases of the poor people can basically get timely diagnosis and treatment nearby.

All the poor are included in the coverage of the triple system of basic medical insurance, critical illness insurance, and medical assistance. The rate of participation in basic medical insurance for the poor is stabilized at over 99.9%, and the insurance coverage is basically achieved.

Implementing measures such as centralized treatment of serious diseases, contract management of chronic diseases, and protection of serious illnesses, and the number of special treatments for serious diseases of the rural poor population has increased to 30, including childhood congenital heart disease, childhood leukemia, gastric cancer, esophageal cancer, colon cancer, and severe mental illness Wait.

More than 20 million impoverished patients have received classified treatment, and families who have been plagued by the disease have stood up the backbone of life.

  5. The housing security of the poor is effectively guaranteed

  Through measures such as the renovation of rural dilapidated houses and the construction of collective public rental houses, we have helped tens of millions of poor farmers say goodbye to dilapidated mud and grass houses, adobe houses and other dilapidated houses and live in safe houses. The earthquake resistance and living comfort of rural houses have been significantly improved. Housing for the poor in rural areas and the safety of basic housing are effectively guaranteed.

Among them, from 2008 to 2020, the central government has invested a total of 284.25 billion yuan in subsidies to support 27.622 million poor households with registered cards, low-income households, rural destitute people, poor disabled families and other poor people to rebuild dilapidated houses and help More than 80 million rural poor people live in safe houses.

  3. Promote human rights through development and promote economic, social and cultural rights

  In the process of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects, China insists on promoting human rights through development, and promotes the full implementation of economic and social rights, cultural and educational rights, and ecological environment rights. People's lives are more prosperous, healthy, harmonious and happy.

  1. Epidemic prevention and control pursue life first

  The new crown pneumonia epidemic is the most serious global public health emergency experienced by mankind in a century.

China adheres to the people's supremacy and life supremacy, and it does not hesitate to pay a huge economic and social price. At the beginning of the epidemic, it adopted the most comprehensive, strictest and most powerful prevention and control measures, which effectively reversed the epidemic situation and safeguarded people's lives and health.

  In the early stage of the outbreak, China carried out an unprecedented scale of life rescue efforts throughout the country, mobilizing the best doctors, the most advanced equipment, and the most urgently needed resources from across the country to help Wuhan and Hubei Province.

From January 24 to March 8, 2020, a total of 346 national medical teams, 42,600 medical personnel, and more than 900 public health personnel were mobilized across the country to assist Hubei; 40,000 builders and thousands of mechanical equipment were urgently mobilized. In just over ten days, the Huoshenshan Hospital with 1,000 beds, Leishenshan Hospital with 1,600 beds, and 16 square cabin hospitals with a total of more than 14,000 beds were built.

Hubei Province has successfully cured more than 3,000 patients over 80 years old and 7 over 100 years old, and many severely ill elderly patients were rescued from the death line, which fully reflects the respect and protection of every life.

  Go all out to treat patients, do not miss every infected person, do not give up every patient, and promptly introduce a treatment cost guarantee policy to ensure that patients will not be affected by cost problems, and medical institutions will not be affected by cost problems. The cure rate reduces the mortality rate.

Persist in the organic combination of normalized precision prevention and control and local emergency response, and continuously consolidate the results of epidemic prevention and control.

Vigorously promote the new crown vaccination and accelerate the construction of an immune barrier.

  2. Health services are fair and accessible

  Without the health of the whole people, there would be no comprehensive well-off.

China puts people’s health in the strategic position of priority development, implements the Healthy China strategy, promotes the Healthy China action, promotes inclusive and efficient basic public health services, and continuously improves the fairness, accessibility, convenience and affordability of medical and health services sex.

  The public health service system has basically taken shape.

The number of medical and health institutions nationwide (including hospitals, primary medical institutions, and professional public health institutions) has increased significantly from 170,000 in 1978 to 1.023 million in 2020.

A public health service system including various professional institutions such as disease prevention and control, health education, maternal and child health, mental health prevention, emergency treatment, blood collection and supply, and health supervision has basically taken shape.

The scope of public health services continues to expand.

The basic public health service items that urban and rural residents enjoy free of charge have expanded from 9 categories in 2010 to 12 categories in 2020, and the contents of the projects cover the entire life process of residents.

Continuous implementation of projects such as stroke, cardiovascular disease high-risk screening, comprehensive intervention in oral diseases, early diagnosis and treatment of cancer, etc., has significantly enhanced the effectiveness of chronic disease prevention and control.

Major infectious diseases have been effectively contained.

By increasing the vaccination rate of the immunization program, China eliminated polio in 2000, eliminated neonatal tetanus in 2012, eliminated malaria in 2020, and was certified as a malaria-free country by the World Health Organization in 2021.

The overall AIDS epidemic has been controlled at a low epidemic level, and the successful treatment rate of tuberculosis has remained above 90%.

  The medical and health service system continues to improve.

China is committed to establishing a high-quality and efficient integrated medical and health service system, improving the accessibility and convenience of medical and health resources, improving the quality and efficiency of medical services, and the residents' experience of seeking medical treatment has improved significantly.

In 2020, the total number of beds in medical and health institutions nationwide will reach 9.11 million, including 7.13 million in hospitals and 1.39 million in township health centers; the total number of health technicians will reach 10.66 million, of which 4.08 million are practicing physicians and assistant practicing physicians, and 471 are registered nurses. 10,000; the total number of consultations and treatments throughout the year was 7.82 billion, the prenatal examination rate of pregnant and lying-in women reached 96.8%, and the hospital delivery rate was 99.9%.

Reasonably allocate medical resources, and build a hierarchical diagnosis and treatment service system of “first diagnosis at the grassroots level, two-way referral, separate treatment for emergency and slow treatment, and linkage between upper and lower levels”.

Abolish the mechanism of supplementing medicine with medicines, establish an essential medicine system, and fully equip public medical institutions at all levels with priority use of essential medicines, and implement zero-markup sales.