China News Service, Hengyang, August 9th, title: "Convenience" for Chinese farmers is getting more and more convenient
Author Wang Haohao
The new home of Wang Minggui, a villager in Donghusi Village, Taiyuan Town, Hengyang County, Hunan Province, was cleaned and tidy. The fish pond in front of the yard was crystal clear, and the lawn behind the house "hidden" a non-fermenting tank composed of a sedimentation tank, a fermentation tank, and a manure storage tank. Three compartments septic tanks for harming sanitary toilets.
This is actually a new weapon that is very common among rural families in China. It allows rural families to move into their home the "huts" that used to be outside their houses.
In the past, most of the rural areas in China used dry toilets. You can use a pit in the ground to go to the toilet. If conditions are better, cover the pit with two stone slabs and add a fence around it.
In summer, the dry toilet smells so bad that people stay away from it.
"A pit, two bricks, a three-foot wall, surrounded on all sides, covering your nose, tiptoes, mosquitoes and flies, and smelly sky."
In recent years, China has successively introduced a series of policies and measures, setting off a toilet revolution in rural areas.
Based on actual conditions, various localities have explored new models of toilet improvement.
For example, the toilet revolution in Yunnan Province implements a "menu-style" cascade improvement model, and promotes the improvement work in accordance with the standards of different grades of villages; Gansu Province explores the promotion of flushing and harmless sanitary toilets in the suburbs, and the Shuichuan District promotes three-format water-saving and harmless To promote sanitary toilets in arid and alpine mountainous areas.
Taking Hunan as an example, the province will refine the toilet reform into 7 major stages, and control all key links such as site selection, construction, and acceptance. Strictly follow the standards, and fully push it after passing the test.
Since 2019, the province has rebuilt (new) more than 2 million rural household toilets, and the penetration rate of harmless sanitary toilets in 18 first-class counties has exceeded 90%.
The harmless toilet on the first floor of Wang Minggui’s house is located on the left side of the living room. The floor and walls are tiled, and the ceiling is equipped with aluminum gusset ceiling. It is equipped with a squat toilet and a shower-type shower. There is a special mop cleaning bucket to clean it. Bright.
"Not only does the current toilet have no peculiar smell, you don't have to worry about mosquito bites when you go to the toilet in summer." Wang Minggui said.
The 55-year-old Wang Minggui said that in the past, aqua toilets were used in the village. One toilet can smell like a street. Relatives in the city are unwilling to go to the toilet when they come to their house. Reluctant; most of the girls in the city are reluctant to marry into the village because of the dry toilet problem.
“Financials at all levels provide subsidies for toilets. After the subsidies, the villagers only need to spend 600 yuan to change the toilets. This money is actually part of the labor costs for the toilets. If farmers are willing to contribute, basically they don’t have to spend money.” Donghu Said Tang Dongbei, the first secretary of Si Village.
At present, 242,800 rural households in Hengyang City have reconstructed or built new toilets.
How to achieve "harmless" in a harmless sanitary toilet?
Tang Dongbei introduced that toilet sewage can remove and kill pathogens such as parasite eggs through procedures such as manure sedimentation and anaerobic digestion, so as to achieve harmless treatment and storage of manure; the sewage is deposited and then discharged to a nearby centralized treatment point The secondary purification can reach the second-class water quality standard and can be directly used for irrigation.
On this basis, Hengyang City also insisted on the simultaneous advancement of toilet renovation and sewage treatment, adopting the “three-format cesspool + small constructed wetland” model in ecologically sensitive areas, and adopting “small sewage treatment facilities + incorporating sewage in areas with high residential density”. The "pipe network" model adopted the model of "small vegetable plots nearby to dissipate" in scattered residential areas, which completely changed the chaos of the rural sewage flow in the past.
The toilet revolution has brought more than just a harmless and sanitary toilet to rural China.
The penetration rate of sanitary toilets in Limin Village, Shigu District, Hengyang City has reached 100%. Zhu Hongwei, a villager in this village, saw that the environment in the village was getting better and better after the toilet was changed, and various facilities were gradually improved. The income is about 10,000 yuan; Limin Village also took the opportunity to build flower bases and orchard planting bases, and vigorously develop rural tourism. There are more and more homestays and farmhouses. The former poverty-stricken villages in Hunan Province have transformed into "National Rural Governance Demonstration Villages" ""Hunan Provincial Boutique Village".
Official data show that since 2018, China has renovated more than 40 million rural toilets.
By the end of 2020, the penetration rate of sanitary toilets in rural China has reached 68%.