Fitness for the whole people, for the health of the whole people

On August 8, the closing day of the Tokyo Olympics, the 13th "National Fitness Day" also came as scheduled, with the theme "National Fitness and Olympic Games".

On August 3, the "National Fitness Plan (2021-2025)" was officially released. It proposed a five-year goal and eight aspects to promote the development of a higher level of national fitness and better meet the people’s fitness and health needs. main mission.

With the improvement of public fitness facilities and the renewal of fitness concepts, the public's fitness methods are showing diversified development.

Fitness centers have sprung up to welcome guests; online fitness science tweets are everywhere; the epidemic has made home fitness a buzzword... From national fitness to national health, what more efforts do we need to do?

1. The fitness army grows rapidly

  Beijing Fangzhuang Sports Park has an endless stream of citizens who exercise every day, whether it is the horizontal parallel bars, abdominal muscle boards, basketball halls, football fields, and badminton halls. The utilization rate remains high; Wang Jinyu, a 69-year-old citizen of Changde, Hunan, loves Tai Chi. In the morning, the team members from the Tai Chi Station of the Sports Center danced in the morning light, sometimes "white cranes light up their wings" and sometimes "find needles in the sea," which is very pleasant.

  "During the '13th Five-Year Plan' period, my country's national fitness project is developing vigorously, and the concept of national fitness is deeply rooted in the hearts of the people." With steady progress, the people’s dream of going to the National Games has been realized, and the "15-minute" fitness circle in urban communities has basically been completed.

  "As mentioned in the National Fitness Plan (2021-2025)" (hereinafter referred to as the "Plan"), the proportion of people in my country who regularly participate in physical exercise has reached 37.2%, and a new step has been taken in the construction of a healthy China and a sports power." Peking University Qian Yongjian, associate professor of the Department of Sports Education and Research, said that sports undertakings and economic and social development resonate at the same frequency and are radiating vitality in the new era.

  Wang Yingchong is an associate professor at Beijing Foreign Studies University and an experienced fitness enthusiast.

"Fitness has become one of my way of life. I usually use my free time to do yoga and aerobics, even during pregnancy." "One time I took an English professional class, the theme was the relationship between sedentary and health. On my side. Explain the text while sharing health knowledge. Later, many students changed the habit of sitting after class and stood up and rested between classes. That scene was very interesting.” Wang Ying said with a smile.

  "With the economic and social development and the upgrading of spiritual and cultural pursuits, people can enjoy a more comfortable fitness environment, more diversified high-quality services, and more diverse exercise methods, which also boosted the enthusiasm for fitness." Du Changliang told reporters, More and more people join the fitness team. These good life experiences can satisfy everyone's yearning for a better life.

2. Let fitness go out of the circle of friends, you need scientific fitness

  "With the improvement of the living standards of the Chinese people and the increase in health awareness, national fitness must be the future development trend. The proportion of the total population of Chinese fitness people is still far from that of developed countries such as the United States." Huang Hai, a researcher at the Keep Sports Research Institute Dong said that in the face of the good development momentum of national fitness, issues such as fitness concepts, venue supply, time guarantee, and age structure also need to be actively explored.

  Due to the lack of understanding of fitness knowledge, some people are prone to fall into conceptual misunderstandings: one type is "Buddha" fitness, lack of fitness motivation, and a lot of ineffective exercise; the other type is excessive fitness, which leads to excessive fitness due to the wrong exercise methods and intensity. Load exercise or even sports injury.

  "To do a good job in the publicity and popularization of scientific fitness, we must let more people understand the uselessness of'Buddhist' fitness and the damage of excessive fitness, so that responsible scientific fitness will become the mainstream." Beijing Sport University China Sports Policy Research Institute Dean Bao Mingxiao said that it is necessary to establish a correct concept of fitness in the whole society, which is also the internal requirement of the "Plan" to "create a social atmosphere for national fitness."

  "Scientific fitness requires appropriate exercise volume and intensity stimulation, and persistence." Zhang Fengmin, an associate professor at the School of Physical Education of Minzu University of China, said that health lies in scientific exercise, and more importantly, it lies in timely static.

  Among the eight main tasks proposed in the "Plan", the first is to "enhance the supply of all-people fitness facilities."

  “People’s fitness needs have grown exponentially, and the problem of lack of sports venues has gradually emerged. Where to go for fitness has become a top priority.” Du Changliang believes that the distribution of sports venues across the country is uneven, and there are differences between the east and the west, between urban and rural areas, and between different communities. Big gap.

  Facing the "contradictions between people and land," Wang Yingchong said, "With limited conditions, a fitness mat, a skipping rope, or even a free space can be used to exercise with bare hands. Stand up and put down your phone, relax your shoulders and necks, and stretch your back. very good."

  Under the fast-paced work and life conditions, "no time" has become a reason for many office workers to be unable to move.

  "Retired middle-aged and elderly people have the most time, followed by children and young people. Due to pressure from career, school, and family, fitness comes last." said Peng Wenbin, director of the National Fitness Service Center in Changde City, Hunan Province. Different groups We must learn to find time for fitness.

Wang Yingchong is a practitioner of "fragmented" fitness. She makes full use of fragmented time to work for 1 hour and exercise for 15 minutes.

  At present, the phenomenon of "fitting for fitness" exists in the fitness group, such as "positioning" fitness, "clocking" fitness, and improper use of supplementary nutrients.

  "Appropriate use of nutrients can enhance physical fitness and promote the functions of various systems and organs. The abuse of nutrients can cause harm to the body." Chen Xiangyang, director of the Department of Orthopedics and Joint Surgery, Xuzhou Hospital Affiliated to Xuzhou Medical University, specially reminded.

  In Huang Haidong's view, in an increasingly busy day, fitness has become a way for some people to "show self-discipline" and "show off their freedom".

However, they first need to understand that "self-discipline is not heterogeneous", do not need to be kidnapped by "pseudo-self-discipline", and should let fitness out of the circle of friends.

3. Fitness moves towards intelligence, and virtual sports consumption has great potential

  Video hosting events, youth training in the cloud, and live fitness training...Under the epidemic, the sports industry has turned its attention to the online trend.

Many well-known fitness brands have launched live broadcast platforms and mobile apps, and fitness content on social platforms has also increased rapidly.

  "Learn about swimming and fitness, there are discounts for applying for the annual card!" The reporter encountered the enthusiastic promotion of the staff when passing by a gym, and in front of the physical store of an Internet gym, the floor-to-ceiling window said "No annual card, WeChat appointment, press Pay per time".

  Open several fitness apps, running, yoga, cycling, dancing, spinning...there are various types, not only video teaching, but also human-computer interaction with wearable devices.

  In the fitness training industry, the development of many online courses has also allowed many people to develop the habit of checking in every day.

In the fitness training industry, the development of many online courses has also allowed many people to develop the habit of checking in every day.

On a fitness app that Wang Yingchong often uses, there is a course library and live lessons, and the type and intensity of exercise can be freely selected.

Since 2016, her cumulative exercise time has reached 150,000 minutes. Convenience, low cost, and personalization are the reasons why Wang Yingchong is keen on App fitness.

  Du Changliang believes that with its high-efficiency and convenient features, fitness apps break the limitations of time and space and provide convenient conditions for people's fitness activities.

However, there is no coach to guide and supervise the use of fitness apps, and exercise habits are relatively difficult to adhere to.

At the same time, the difficulty of user retention and commercial realization has become a key point restricting the development of online fitness.

  For example, for video courses, Qian Yongjian’s evaluation is “flexible and not flexible”.

"The flexibility of this type of course is reflected in the exercise time you can control yourself. When you want to practice, you can click on the video; but the inflexibility lies in the inability to interact with the coach, and there is no way to correct your irregular movements in time."

Qian Yongjian said.

  Therefore, Wang Yingchong believes that to use fitness apps well, it is best to have a certain fitness foundation.

"If you want to achieve the ideal fitness effect, it is not easy to ask a coach for 1-to-1 guidance offline, and online fitness is even more difficult to guarantee."

  With the rise of online fitness, more and more offline gyms have also begun to be intelligently transformed, focusing on user conversion, content and service upgrades, and efficiency improvements.

"Digitalization and intelligence have become the new direction of national fitness services, and it will play an important role in the future national fitness services." Zhang Fengmin said in the "Plan" to "explore the establishment of a unified national'sports bank' system and personal sports Code" is full of expectations.

  "Promote the development of online and smart sports events, and support the development of new sports such as smart fitness, cloud events, and virtual sports." The "Plan" supports the smart sports industry.

Bao Mingxiao believes that with the improvement and optimization of the fitness scene, the growth potential of residents' sports consumption will also be further released.

4. The key to the integration of body and health and the empowerment of science and technology is implementation

  The health barrier is moving forward, and from treatment to disease prevention, sports has become a key part of it.

  "From the'Integration of Sports and Medicine' proposed in the "Opinions on Promoting National Fitness and Sports Consumption to Promote the High-quality Development of the Sports Industry" in 2019 to the'Integration of Sports and Health' proposed in the "Plan", the change in this word is understandable It is a change of ideas and thinking." In the view of Guo Jianjun, director of the Sports and Medicine Fusion Innovation Center of Capital Institute of Physical Education and chairman of the Sports and Health Branch of the Chinese Preventive Medicine Association, from "medicine" to "health", the former is more focused on " Passive medical treatment”, the latter emphasizes “active health”, and this change is an upgrade from “physical and medical integration” to “physical and health integration”.

  Promote the improvement of the national physique, especially the physique of young people, make national fitness a way of life for the general public, and make up for the three shortcomings of school sports, community sports, amateur and youth club sports, which is indispensable for my country to become a sports power in 2035. The essence of the lack.

  Qian Yongjian believes that "the "plan" requires'improving the school's physical education teaching model to ensure that students have 1 hour of physical activity time inside and outside the school every day'. It mentioned that'every day' is the frequency, and the inside and outside schools are the locations. Hour’ is one of the indicators of activity volume.” He said that to achieve this goal, it is necessary to improve the physical education model, moreover, it needs to integrate inside and outside the school, cultivate students to participate in exercise in the community, family interaction and mutual assistance, and combine physical education with physical exercise. There is a combination of learning and practicing, and the combination of learning and practicing, so as to promote students to exercise consciously.

  The key to good policies is implementation.

  "Execution, the most important thing to implement the "Plan" is implementation!" Qian Yongjian said that execution not only requires determination, strategy, and process, but also requires evaluation of the results and supervision of the implementation of the "Plan".

Realize the mutual cooperation between guidance and supervision. Guidance is the goal and guidance, and supervision is both feedback and motivating.

  Based on the work experience at the grassroots level, Peng Wenbin pointed out that the most important thing to implement the "Plan" is to decompose the tasks and include them in the annual performance appraisal indicators of governments and related departments at all levels, increase effective financial investment, and consolidate as the content layer of striving for excellence.

At the same time, it is necessary to strengthen the construction of the national fitness service team and create a national fitness brand with local characteristics.

  Smart services are a bright spot in the "Plan". The integration of technology into the sports industry and national fitness can use technology to reduce the risk of sports, which is conducive to the popularization of sports.

"Science and information technology empowers sports, making it more widespread and easier to popularize. From this perspective, find a new viable starting point for national fitness." said He Wenyi, secretary-general and researcher of the National Sports Industry Research Base of Peking University.

(Our reporter Xiao Renfu, our reporter's trainee Li Fei)