Revisiting the party's century-old history, important historical moments are always fresh in the memory.
A "WTO hammer" witnessed the historical moment of China's return to the World Trade Organization, and told the story of China's active integration into economic globalization and its determination to promote the construction of an open world economy.
"The Communist Party of China and the Chinese people solemnly declare to the world with brave and tenacious struggle that reform and opening up are the key to determining the future and destiny of contemporary China. China has made great strides to catch up with the times!" At the celebration of the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of China, General Secretary Xi Jinping This sentence is sonorous every word.
Returning to the World Trade Organization is a big step for China to catch up with the times and actively embrace the world.
In the 1980s, the spring breeze of reform and opening-up blew into thousands of households, and China formally submitted an application for "customs reinstatement" to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade in July 1986.
On January 1, 1995, the World Trade Organization was formally established. In the same year, China decided to apply for "WTO accession," and thus began more than ten years of negotiations between China and members of the World Trade Organization.
During this period, there were as many as 25 rounds of Sino-US negotiations and 15 rounds of Sino-European negotiations. This was a difficult process of ups and downs.
On November 10, 2001, the Fourth Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization was held in Doha, the capital of Qatar.
In the brightly lit hotel conference hall, the sound of the gavel fell and the audience boiled. China officially joined the World Trade Organization!
The gavel was settled in an instant, and the meeting deliberated only a few minutes, but it embodies the hardship and sweat of the Chinese people’s 15-year “return” and “entry into the WTO”.
Joining the World Trade Organization signifies that China has entered a new stage of opening to the outside world, and it is a historical event that benefits the world.
On June 18 this year, General Secretary Xi Jinping walked into the newly completed Chinese Communist Party History Exhibition Hall.
Looking at the pictures and cultural relics displayed in the museum, the general secretary said with deep feeling: "Fighting the flood, returning Hong Kong and Macao to the motherland, joining the WTO... these are all major events."
China’s accession to the World Trade Organization, the General Secretary is well aware of its significance.
At the beginning of reform and opening up, China's total import and export of goods accounted for only 0.8% of the global share. Since joining the World Trade Organization 20 years ago, China's foreign trade has been racing on the fast lane.
In the past 20 years, China’s total exports of goods have increased by more than 7 times, and total imports of goods have increased by nearly 6 times.
In 2013, China surpassed the United States for the first time and became the world's largest trading country in goods.
At the first China International Import Expo held in November 2018, President Xi Jinping clearly pointed out: "China's continuous expansion of opening up has not only developed itself, but also benefited the world."
As the world's second largest economy and largest trading nation, China is also the world's largest foreign capital inflow country and the second largest foreign investment country.
Since 2002, China's average annual contribution to global economic growth has been nearly 30%, and it has become an important engine for world economic growth.
On July 9, the Central Committee for Comprehensively Deepening Reforms held a meeting and reviewed and approved the "Guiding Opinions on Accelerating the Construction of a New Development Pattern."
Accelerating the construction of a new development pattern is a strategic move for China to grasp the initiative in future development.
At this meeting, General Secretary Xi Jinping profoundly pointed out: “It is necessary to focus on implementing high-level opening up, make full use of the two international and domestic markets and two resources, and actively promote institutional innovations in accordance with high standards of international economic and trade rules, and plan with greater efforts. And promote the high-quality development of pilot free trade zones."
Since 2018, China has held 3 consecutive International Import Expos.
Starting from 2020, it is estimated that China's cumulative merchandise imports will exceed US$22 trillion in 10 years.
China unswervingly fulfills its promise of openness and brings stability to today's uncertain world.
In addition, "Canton Fair", "Service Trade Fair", "Consumer Fair"... China's continuous establishment and improvement of a high-level opening-up platform is a bright spot that China has attracted worldwide attention in the new era.
This year, the 100th anniversary of the founding of the party and the 20th anniversary of China's accession to the WTO have coincided. With the remnants of the "WTO hammer", China has taken new steps in opening up to the outside world at a high level in the new era.Keywords: