In-depth attention | How to use conscience money on the blade

  The heavy rain in Henan affects the hearts of hundreds of millions of people.

As of 16:00 on August 1, the Zhengzhou Charity Federation has received donations worth 1.29 billion yuan from all walks of life, and has allocated 1.177 billion yuan worth of donations.

  How did the bits of goodwill converge into a long river of love, and how did they distribute it to the front line of the disaster situation?

Who will supervise charitable organizations?

How to ensure that the money and materials donated to charitable organizations are used in disaster relief and charity, so as to avoid corruption, embezzlement and misappropriation?

The reporter interviewed the Zhengzhou Charity Federation and relevant disciplinary inspection and supervision cadres.

  Thousands of donation calls are received and made a day, and the donations are uniformly distributed by the headquarters according to the city’s conditions

  “After the announcement of the fundraising announcement, we received a steady stream of donations from all over the world. A few days before the disaster, our people on the 20th and 30th had to make thousands of donation calls almost a day, almost 24 hours a day.” Zhengzhou Charity Federation Vice President and Secretary-General Li Gangliang told reporters that at 4 pm every day, the Charity Federation needs to report the total amount of funds raised that day to the Zhengzhou Flood Control and Drought Relief Headquarters, which will be uniformly distributed according to the city’s conditions, and then donated to the charity. Go to the accounts of the charity federations of the counties and cities; if it is a material, you must register the details and establish a ledger. According to the needs of the disaster-affected area, quickly connect the supply and demand parties. After the materials are in place, you can issue an invoice to show that you have received the materials. .

  As the disaster situation improves, the needs of the disaster area have also changed.

Li Gangliang said: "The supply of food such as mineral water and instant noodles has basically been met. What is most lacking now is water pumps, forklifts, excavators and other large machinery and equipment. After all, the road has rushed and the house has collapsed. We must shift to post-disaster reconstruction. In addition, after a major disaster, the need for medicines will increase in the future to prevent a major epidemic."

  In the face of the disaster, how should the public give their love?

Is it better to donate money or to donate goods?

Li Gangliang believes, “As far as the Zhengzhou disaster is concerned, they are all necessary, but it still depends on the specific needs of different stages. For example, at the beginning of the disaster, we urgently need pumps, but in the later stage of reconstruction, the applicability of funds may be even greater. Stronger."

  A difficult one, P Plus support.

How to do a good job of public welfare under the disaster situation?

Charity organizations have their own thinking.

"To do a good job of public welfare is nothing more than two, one is to guide the public to donate, and the other is to use the funds in the right place. Good steel should be used on the blade, and the same is true for love and money." For Li Gangliang and his colleagues, it is a kind of pen. Funds are actually “conscience money”, “anyone’s money is hard-won, we must be worthy of the donors in our conscience, we must manage and use them well, and there should be no problems. Only by letting the donors trust us, will we promote us and attract more Many caring people have joined in, making philanthropy an important part of a harmonious society."

  Adhere to the "Three Priorities" in the allocation and use of funds and materials

  There are many public welfare organizations in our country. Some people say that in the face of disasters, the civilian rescue organization is the "hussar" and the official charity organization is the "big corps". This is not unreasonable.

The latter should not only consider the overall nature of rescue and the systemic life of the affected people, but also the integrity of post-disaster reconstruction.

  Different from the point-to-point support of private aid organizations, official charitable organizations must consider the overall situation.

"This flood disaster is serious, with a wide range of disasters and a large number of people affected. Our relief supplies cannot be sent wherever they go. Instead, we have to make overall considerations. Where the disaster is severe and where it is most needed, we will deliver the supplies. No matter how far it is, no matter how difficult it is,” said a staff member of an official charity organization.

  "We can't pursue short-term and fast things. We must leave after we finish." The staff member said, "If the people affected by the disaster have nothing to eat, give them food. What if there is no place to live in the future? What should we do? Who will take care of the large-scale killing? We have accepted the donation, and we can’t just give it away. We must consider the follow-up work. To manage and use every donation is to love every piece of donation. Guardianship and commitment."

  The large-scale medical equipment, precision instruments, and books and materials of some hospitals and schools in Zhengzhou City were destroyed because they were stored underground; more than 300 village clinics were damaged and could not be used normally; some village houses were washed away by floods... Post-disaster reconstruction tasks are still very difficult. Heavy.

  It is understood that in the allocation and use of funds and materials, the local official charity organization adheres to the "three priorities": First, give priority to supporting the transfer and resettlement of the people in the hardest-hit areas, emergency assistance and basic living security.

The second is to give priority to the restoration of basic medical and health service facilities at the basic level and the construction of community health stations.

The third is to give priority to supporting community disaster prevention and mitigation and post-disaster reconstruction projects that meet actual needs.

Supervise charitable organizations, focusing on the three major links of entrance, storage and distribution

  On July 23, the Discipline Inspection and Supervision Team of the Zhengzhou Municipal Commission for Discipline Inspection and the Civil Affairs Bureau went to Zhengzhou Charity Federation to conduct an on-site inspection.

300 meters away from the gate, there has been a long queue of vehicles carrying relief supplies.

Walking into the courtyard, the staff and volunteers are busy carrying supplies.

  There is a registration desk in the lobby on the first floor. After understanding the donation process and registration work in detail, the supervisory and inspectors found the relevant person in charge, checked the stubs of the received and distributed materials, and inquired about the management and distribution of materials.

In order to ensure accurate supervision, a batch of materials were counted on the spot, and according to the distribution records, the telephones of multiple fund collection units were randomly dialed to verify whether the materials were in place.

  "The reception, management, and use of donated materials are the focus of the discipline inspection and supervision team, and ensuring that the materials are delivered to the places where they are most needed is our primary goal of supervision." Lu Yuan said.

  In fact, the focus of discipline inspection and supervision agencies is closely related to the public.

People are most concerned about these two issues: Who will supervise charitable organizations?

Are the money and materials donated to charitable organizations used in disaster relief and charity, and will they be embezzled, embezzled, or misappropriated?

  "Charitable organizations should be supervised and must be supervised." Lu Yuan explained that although the Zhengzhou Charity Federation is a non-profit organization, the Zhengzhou Civil Affairs Bureau has business guidance and supervision responsibilities for the charity Federation, and the discipline inspection and supervision organs passed the pressure. Realizing the main responsibility of the Civil Affairs Bureau can supervise the Zhengzhou Charity Federation.

In addition, the discipline inspection and supervision organs may supervise party members, public officials or persons who perform public duties in accordance with the law in the Charity Federation.

  Regarding the focus of supervision, Lu Yuan believes that importation, storage, and distribution are the three major risk points, which are the links that the discipline inspection and supervision organs focus on.

  The first is the entry link, that is, whether the donated money and materials are timely and detailed in the register, indicating the source, the content of the donation, the donation intention, the donor and other information, so that it can be easily checked in the later period.

  The second is the custody link. The money must be stored in a financial account or a special account, and personal custody is never allowed to prevent possible regulatory loopholes.

Articles must be stored in a safe warehouse, registered, kept, and distributed by special personnel according to categories to avoid loss of goods due to improper storage.

  The last part is the distribution link. It is necessary to follow the spirit of the party committees and governments at all levels on flood prevention and disaster relief, strictly in accordance with the Charity Law of the People’s Republic of China and relevant laws and regulations, according to the extent of disasters in various regions and the situation of Zhengzhou Charity Federation’s acceptance of social non-targeted donations. The municipal government makes unified arrangements and promptly allocates to all regions and units for use.

"The focus here is to supervise and prevent violations of discipline and law such as private distribution, favoring relatives and friends, embezzlement and embezzlement. Once discovered, severe punishment will not be granted. In short, the focus of supervision is to prevent formalism and bureaucratic problems and prevent inaction. , Slow deeds, and chaotic deeds." Lu Yuan said.

Precise supervision to ensure that every donation and every material is used on the blade

  "Considering that all sectors of the society may make charitable donations to the Zhengzhou disaster, the Charity Federation must be the focus of supervision, pay close attention to the use of donated funds and materials, and never allow any corruption." After the "July 20" heavy rain, Wang Shengjian, member of the Standing Committee of the Zhengzhou Municipal Commission for Discipline Inspection and member of the Supervisory Committee, made arrangements for the supervision of charity funds and materials.

  On the 21st, the Supervision Team of the Municipal Commission for Discipline Inspection went to the Civil Affairs Bureau to conduct an on-site inspection and urge relevant departments to perform their duties effectively, establish and improve a detailed account of donated goods, clarify the source of funds and materials, and ensure that the use of them is legal and compliant.

  The local area has also established a daily reporting system to the Municipal Commission for Discipline Inspection and Supervision. The supervision team will check with various units from time to time based on the ledger and report.

At the same time, the Zhengzhou Charity Federation regularly announces the donation status to the public, takes the initiative to accept supervision, and is responsible to the whole society, especially caring enterprises and individuals.

  "The donations for flood relief and disaster relief carry the love of all sectors of society and are also the'life-saving money' for the victims." According to Yang Dianxun, deputy head of the Disciplinary Inspection and Supervision Group of the Zhengzhou Municipal Commission for Discipline Inspection and the Municipal Health Commission, the group focused on Zhengzhou Red Cross acceptance In all aspects of the distribution, use and management of donated funds and materials, we will continue to strengthen the supervision and inspection of donated funds and materials.

Set up a special supervision team in time, do not say hello, go straight to the front line, and carry out the “three questions and three observations” supervision and inspection without interfering with the flood relief work in a “following supervision” method, that is, asking people, questions, numbers, and watching Accept the registration of donated money and materials, check the material distribution ledger, and check the distribution and distribution of materials, etc., supervise the Municipal Red Cross to strengthen the management of donated materials, timely announce the acceptance and use of donations, and consciously accept social supervision.

Through return visits to donors, donation units and individuals to check whether the donated money and materials are in place, precise supervision is used to escort the operation of donated money and materials, to ensure that the source of each donation and each material can be checked, controlled and operated in a sunny manner.

◎Link

  The Fifth Plenary Session of the Nineteenth Central Committee of the Communist Party of China proposed to "play the role of the third distribution, develop philanthropy, and improve the distribution of income and wealth", giving philanthropy a new position.

  On September 1, 2016, the "Charity Law of the People's Republic of China" (hereinafter referred to as the "Charity Law") was officially implemented.

This is a milestone event in the development of my country's charity and public welfare, which has ushered in a new era of comprehensive governance in accordance with the law in my country, and has formed a large charity layout that covers public welfare and can be done by everyone.

  Article 12 of the "Charity Law" clarifies that charitable organizations should implement a unified national accounting system, conduct accounting in accordance with the law, establish a sound accounting supervision system, and accept the supervision and management of relevant government departments.

At present, the accounting standards of charitable organizations are mainly based on the "Accounting System for Non-governmental Non-profit Organizations" issued by the Ministry of Finance, which mainly includes three aspects:

  The first is to conduct accounting in accordance with the law.

Charitable organizations’ accounting should be based on the accrual system, based on actual transactions or events, and truthfully reflect the charitable organization’s financial status, business activities, cash flow and other information, and should satisfy accounting information users (such as donations). People, members, supervisors) and other needs.

Accounting should be carried out in a timely manner, and should not be advanced or delayed, and accounting information should be consistent and comparable to each other.

  The second is to establish a sound accounting supervision system.

A sound accounting supervision system includes three aspects: internal containment, property inventory, and internal auditing. The various institutions and links within the charity organization contain and supervise each other; the charitable property and materials are checked regularly, and the accounts are checked for compliance. Check the implementation of internal controls; audit the implementation of the internal containment system of charitable organizations and the conduct of charitable activities to ensure the standardized and effective use of charitable assets.

  The third is to accept the supervision and management of relevant government departments.

In addition to accepting the supervision and management of the civil affairs department, the relevant departments of finance, auditing, disciplinary inspection and supervision, etc. have the right to supervise and manage the implementation of the accounting system by charitable organizations within the scope of their respective duties.

Keywords: