The typhoon "fireworks" hasn't stopped because of heavy rains in many places. Beijing is also entering the main flood season. Doctors reminded——

Frequent rainstorms, beware of diarrhea

  In the past few days, the disaster caused by heavy rains in Henan worry about the hearts of the people of the whole country.

Today, the typhoon "fireworks" is still making waves, and Beijing has also entered the main flood season on July 20.

  Frequent visits of rainfall and high temperature and humidity provide convenience for the propagation and spread of pathogenic microorganisms of intestinal infectious diseases.

After heavy rains and floods, infectious diarrhea, cholera, typhoid and paratyphoid fever, hepatitis A, hepatitis E and hand, foot and mouth disease and other intestinal infectious diseases are easily transmitted, and food poisoning, water-borne diseases, and acute Hemorrhagic conjunctivitis, dermatitis and other diseases.

  The Beijing Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 120 Beijing First Aid Center and other departments have issued warnings on health and avoidance of extreme weather during the flood season.

In addition, we listen to the doctors on how to prevent and deal with diseases caused by rain.

  Diarrhea is a common disease, but diarrhea after heavy rain is not that simple.

Prolonged unhealed may cause malnutrition, vitamin deficiency, anemia, decreased body resistance, and serious harm to health.

Especially in the flood season with high temperature and humidity, what should I do in case of stomach trouble?

  Liu Baiwei, the chief physician of the Beijing Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Infectious Diseases, and Gu Huali, the chief physician of Beijing Tongren Hospital, will help you.

  Taking antibiotics for diarrhea backfires

  When you have diarrhea, fasting and drinking are not recommended.

Patients should eat bland, easily digestible liquid or semi-liquid food, and gradually transition to a normal diet after symptoms improve.

If the diarrhea is not serious, usually by adjusting diet, rest, and symptomatic treatment, the symptoms can be improved within 2 to 3 days.

  However, people with severe diarrhea, especially those with symptoms of dehydration, should go to the intestinal outpatient clinic of a hospital in time.

Dehydration is a common complication of diarrhea, manifested by thirst, oliguria, dry and wrinkled skin, and sunken eyes; to prevent dehydration, you should drink more sugar and salt water, and it is best to buy "oral rehydration salts" at a pharmacy; dehydration or Patients with severe vomiting and unable to drink water should go to the hospital for treatment and take intravenous fluids and other treatment measures according to the doctor's advice.

  It is worth mentioning that many patients rush to take antibiotics as soon as they have diarrhea. This approach is not right.

Because most diarrhea does not require antibiotic treatment, the abuse of antibiotics may also lead to imbalance of the normal intestinal flora, which is not conducive to the recovery of diarrhea.

If you are not sure whether you should use antibiotics, you still need to listen to your doctor's diagnosis advice.

  In addition, patients who go to the intestinal outpatient clinic can use a clean small box or preservation bag to keep fresh stool specimens and send them to the hospital for testing in time, so that the doctor can conduct targeted treatment.

  Stomach trouble is not simple and proper treatment of infectious diseases

  Because many diarrhea are contagious, it is difficult for non-professionals to judge whether a certain case of diarrhea is contagious.

We suggest that all diarrhea situations encountered in life should be treated as infectious diseases, especially for families with infants and young children or the elderly, and daily cleaning and disinfection should be done.

  Experts suggest that if you want to prevent diarrhea from making troubles in your home, you must first do a good job of household hygiene. Disinfect the tableware, toilets, bedding and other items that may be contaminated by the patient’s feces and vomit; disinfection measures include Boiling, immersion in chlorine-containing disinfectant, exposure to the sun, ultraviolet radiation, etc.

Secondly, pay attention to the personal protection of the nursing staff. After taking care of the patient, use running water and soap to clean the hands in accordance with the seven-step hand-washing method.

Finally, after patients accidentally touch feces or vomit, they should also wash their hands carefully to prevent pathogens from contaminating other objects through their hands.

  Do these points of acute diarrhea bypass

  In many cases, diarrhea can be prevented through simple personal hygiene and food safety measures.

  Note that the high temperature of drinking water can kill pathogenic microorganisms. Drinking water needs to be boiled before drinking, or use sanitary-qualified barreled or bottled water.

  Pay attention to food hygiene. Food should be separated from raw and cooked food to avoid cross-contamination; leftover food should be stored in the refrigerator in time, and the storage time should not be too long. Before eating again, it needs to be heated through; because the low temperature of the refrigerator can only delay the growth of bacteria, not Sterilize.

Try to minimize the consumption of foods that are prone to pathogenic bacteria, such as screws, shells, crabs and other marine products. When eating, they should be cooked and steamed thoroughly. Do not eat raw, half raw, soaked in wine, vinegar or salted and eaten directly. ; Various sauce products or cooked meat products should be reheated before eating; cold dishes can be added with vinegar and garlic.

  Develop good food hygiene habits. Pay attention to hand hygiene, wash your hands often, wash your hands before meals and after going to the toilet; do not overeating, do not eat spoiled or spoiled foods, wash raw foods, and minimize raw and cold foods Ingestion; for families with pets, we must do a good job in pet hygiene, and at the same time warn children not to feed their pets while eating.

  Minimize contact with patients with diarrhea. Tableware, toilets, and bedding used by patients should be disinfected to avoid the spread and epidemic of the disease.

  Improve immunity, adjust diet structure, balance diet, rational nutrition, and improve immunity of the body.

Strengthen physical exercise, enhance the ability to resist diseases, and pay attention to the combination of work and rest.

According to climate change, increase or decrease clothes in time to avoid catching a cold.

  Ventilated clothing and quilts should be washed and changed frequently. Pay attention to room ventilation and keep the indoor air fresh. Ventilation and ventilation are an effective way to reduce pathogenic microorganisms.

  Text/Reporter Li Jie