China News Service, July 14th. According to the website of the National Bureau of Statistics, the national summer grain production data released by the National Bureau of Statistics shows that the total national summer grain production in 2021 is 1.4582 million tons (291.6 billion jin), an increase of 2.967 million tons (59.3. 100 million catties), an increase of 2.1%.

Among them, the output of wheat was 134.34 million tons (268.7 billion jin), an increase of 2.589 million tons (5.18 billion jin) over 2020, an increase of 2.0%.

Li Suoqiang, director of the Rural Department of the National Bureau of Statistics, interpreted on the 14th that the sown area of ​​summer grains in 2021 will recover, with a steady increase in yields and a bumper harvest of summer grains.

Data map: The harvester shuttles in the field.

Photo by Liu Feng

Restorative growth of summer grain sown area

  In 2021, the national summer grain sown area is 26,438 thousand hectares (396.57 million acres), an increase of 265.5 thousand hectares (3.982 million acres) over 2020, an increase of 1.0%, reversing the downward trend for five consecutive years.

Among them, the sown area of ​​wheat was 22,911 thousand hectares (334.67 million acres), an increase of 200.2 thousand hectares (3.004 million acres) over 2020, an increase of 0.9%.

  The main reasons for the increase in the sown area of ​​summer grains are as follows: First, the compaction of responsibilities.

All localities implement the same responsibility of the party and government for food security, layered the responsibility for food production, implemented the most stringent farmland protection system, and resolutely curbed the "non-agriculturalization" of farmland and prevented the "non-grainization".

The second is policy support.

We have further increased support for grain production, increased the minimum purchase price of wheat, stabilized farmers’ grain subsidies, supported the reclamation of abandoned land, development of winter fallow fields, and tapped area potential.

The third is to plant seeds in an appropriate time.

During the autumn and winter planting period in 2020, the soil moisture is relatively good, and the planting period is basically realized. In Shandong, Anhui and other regions, the area that has not been planted due to drought in 2019 has achieved restorative growth.

The fourth is benefit-driven.

Since last year, grain prices have risen, farmers' income from growing grain has increased, stabilizing market expectations, and farmers' willingness to grow.

Summer grain yields have steadily increased

  In 2021, the national summer grain yield is 5515.7 kg/ha (367.7 kg/mu), an increase of 57.4 kg/ha (3.8 kg/mu) over 2020, an increase of 1.1%, which is an increase for three consecutive years.

Among them, the wheat yield is 5863.4 kg/ha (390.9 kg/mu), an increase of 62.3 kg/ha (4.2 kg/mu) over 2020, an increase of 1.1%.

  The main reasons for the increase in summer grain yield are as follows: First, the weather conditions are generally favorable.

Since sowing in autumn and winter, most of the main producing areas have had sufficient rainfall, sufficient heat, and suitable moisture conditions. The weather conditions are generally conducive to the growth and development of summer grains and the formation of yields.

During the winter, some areas encountered low temperature and cold wave weather, but no obvious freezing damage was caused.

In the early spring, the temperature rebounded quickly, higher than the same period of normal years, the jointing period of wheat's return to green was earlier, and the development process was accelerated.

Since April, the temperature in the northern wheat area has been close to normal or slightly lower, the differentiation time of young wheat ears has been prolonged, and the number of grains per ear has increased.

During the heading and flowering period, the conditions of light, temperature and water in various places are more suitable.

During the maturity period, sufficient light and large temperature difference between day and night are beneficial to the accumulation of dry matter and the improvement of wheat quality.

Second, field management has been strengthened.

In response to the high risk of wheat stripe rust and head blight, various localities formulate prevention and control plans as early as possible, strengthen field management, increase pest prevention and control, promote unified prevention and control, joint prevention and control, and implement measures such as "one spray and three prevention" , The pests and diseases are effectively controlled in the later stage.

The third is the continuous improvement of agricultural production conditions.

Build high-standard farmland with high yield and stable yield during droughts and floods; develop socialized agricultural services, carry out various forms of production trusteeship according to local conditions, and actively promote agricultural production technologies such as high-quality varieties and standardized sowing, water-saving and stable production, and promote the steady increase of yield per unit.

  Li Suoqiang said that the bumper summer grain harvest in 2021 will lay a solid foundation for the annual grain output to remain above 1.3 trillion catties, make a good start for the "14th Five-Year Plan", promote high-quality economic and social development, and build a new development pattern. Provides strong support.

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