China News Service, Beijing, July 14 (Reporter Zhang Su) From 2018 to 2020, Chinese prosecutors filed and handled more than 100,000 public interest litigation cases each year.
The prosecution summarized and extracted practical experience in public interest litigation prosecution, clarified and detailed specific procedures for handling cases.
The reporter learned from a press conference held by the Supreme People’s Procuratorate of China in Beijing on the 14th that the "People’s Procuratorate Rules for Handling Public Interest Litigation Cases" have been implemented on July 1, 2021. They are divided into general provisions, general regulations, administrative public interest litigation, and civil public interest. There are six chapters, including litigation, other regulations, and supplementary provisions, with a total of 112 articles.
Zhang Xueqiao, deputy procurator of the Supreme People’s Procuratorate of China, stated that this case-handling rule clarifies the basic principles for procuratorial organs to handle public interest litigation cases, proposes an integrated public interest litigation mechanism, and establishes the principle of separation of jurisdiction and litigation jurisdiction for procuratorial public interest litigation cases. The investigation methods and safeguards for public interest litigation cases have been refined, the pre-litigation procedures for procuratorial public interest litigation have been improved, the litigation requirements of civil public interest litigation have been refined, and the procedures for procuratorial organs to initiate public interest lawsuits have been standardized.
For example, he said that the case-handling rules stipulate that in cases of damage to the ecological environment, resource protection, and food and drug safety, punitive damages can be filed, which increases the cost of violations of the offenders and achieves the purpose and effect of making the offenders so painful that they do not dare to commit the crime again. .
Prosecutorial advice before litigation is a characteristic approach in public interest litigation procuratorial work.
It was disclosed at the meeting that in 2020, procuratorial organs nationwide filed a total of 151,260 public interest litigation cases, of which 118,000 were issued to the administrative organs for pre-litigation procuratorial recommendations, and the administrative organs responded with a rectification rate of 99.4%.
Talking about the follow-up work of standardizing procuratorial recommendations, Hu Weilie, Director of the Eighth Prosecutors Office of the Supreme People’s Procuratorate of China, said that the prosecutors must not mention them and must follow up and supervise them to ensure that procuratorial recommendations are implemented and that public interests are protected in a timely and effective manner. .