The number of people who have been abstinent for more than 3 years without relapse has doubled

Guangdong establishes a unified detoxification model to realize the transformation of "drug addiction" into "movement addiction"

  □ Our reporter Zhang Ningdan

  "In the future, I want to find a job as a fitness coach." Liang, a drug addict who is about to be released from the rehabilitation center, planned a new goal in his mind.

While receiving treatment at the No. 2 Compulsory Isolation Drug Rehabilitation Center in Guangdong Province, he passed the National Fitness Instructor Qualification Certificate. Since he was a child, he has liked sports and is an active participant in the site’s "Wisdom" drug rehabilitation program. He took this step by step to rekindle. Raise hope for life.

  The transformation of drug addiction personnel from "drug addiction" to "movement addiction" is behind the staged results of the construction of the sports drug addiction and rehabilitation training system, which is the epitome of Guangdong's solid promotion of a unified national drug addiction model.

A reporter from the "Rules of Law Daily" learned that after three years of unremitting efforts, the mandatory isolation drug rehabilitation centers of the Guangdong judicial administrative drug rehabilitation system have all completed the task of establishing a unified national drug rehabilitation model, and 5 sites including the second mandatory isolation drug rehabilitation center of Guangdong Province have applied for the demonstration of the national unified drug rehabilitation model. It has been reviewed and reviewed by the Drug Rehabilitation Bureau of the Ministry of Justice.

  According to the Guangdong Narcotics Control Office, the number of people who have been abstained for more than 3 years and have not relapsed in the province has increased from 210,000 at the end of 2016 to 500,000 at the end of 2020, an increase of 1.4 times; the number of newly discovered drug abusers in the province has increased from the highest peak in 2015 The number of drug addicts dropped from 91,000 to 17,800 at the end of 2020; the province’s existing drug addicts dropped from 420,000 at the end of 2016 to 300,000 at the end of 2019, and the decline will continue in 2020.

Create a closed-loop treatment system from admission to assistance

  In the second branch of Guangdong Sanshui Compulsory Isolation Drug Rehabilitation Center (hereinafter referred to as the Provincial Sanshui Institute), newly admitted drug addicts are in the physical detoxification zone, and physicians from the drug rehabilitation center conduct physical examinations, drug abuse history investigations, and detoxification observations.

In order to promote professional treatment, the Guangdong Administration of Drug Rehabilitation has set up a centralized admission point in the Sanshui Institute of the province, concentrated medical resources, and carried out a unified physical examination, detoxification treatment, and disease screening. After completing the physiological detoxification period, the treatment will be diverted to others. place.

  In practice, Guangdong has established "four districts and five centers" in compulsory isolation drug rehabilitation centers, and established 166 community drug rehabilitation guidance stations in cooperation with local drug control, towns and streets, etc., to promote the realization of the full range of drug rehabilitation personnel from admission to extended assistance. Chain closed-loop abstinence.

  Recently, in the meeting room of the Customs Working Committee of Xiegang Town, Dongguan City, Wang, who had been released from the No. 1 Compulsory Isolation Drug Rehabilitation Center of Guangdong Province (hereinafter referred to as the Provincial No. 1 Drug Rehabilitation Center), said gratefully: "Thank you for your continued help and concern to me. , I never relapsed after leaving the home, got married and gave birth to a child. Although I was tired from work every day, I was very fulfilling."

  When Wang was released from the vows, the Provincial No. 1 Commandment Center established a contact card for him to carry out psychological relief in time.

The Provincial No. 1 Commando also cooperated with the Xiegang Township Committee to establish a community drug rehabilitation guidance station. Social workers and volunteer teams visited Wang’s home regularly, and the results of the visit were fed back to the Provincial No. 1 Commando in time to ensure that Wang did not turn back.

While Wang felt the care, he strengthened his confidence in abstinence.

  At present, Guangdong has continuously strengthened the drug rehabilitation chain from entry connection, in-site rehabilitation to exit assistance, and promoted the full coverage of drug addiction personnel entering and exiting centers.

At the same time, the institute offers job training programs for electricians, Western-style pastries, Cantonese cuisine chefs, etc. that are urgently needed by the market, with high employment rates and good welfare benefits. In the past three years, the qualified and certified rate of drug rehabilitation personnel has reached 80.7%, achieving "employment when you leave."

Combination of medical and mobilization to solve the problem of the weak and sickly of drug addicts

  Not long ago, drug rehabilitation worker Zhu presented a silk banner to the Fourth Compulsory Isolation Drug Rehabilitation Center of Guangdong Province (hereinafter referred to as the Fourth Commandment Center of Guangdong Province) by mail to express his sincere gratitude to the police officers.

  Prior to this, Zhu was infected with HIV due to long-term drug use, and his lower limb muscles were severely atrophy, and he could not see any hope in life.

The police from the Provincial Fourth Commandment Center formulated a special treatment plan for him, encouraged him to actively cooperate with antiviral treatment, and organized rehabilitation training.

After more than half a year of unremitting efforts, Zhu's physical condition has been greatly improved.

  In December 2020, when Zhu had a sudden abdominal pain, the Provincial Fourth Commandment Center immediately activated the green treatment channel and rushed him to the social hospital for treatment.

"Fortunately, the police from the Four Commandments did their best to take care of me. If I were outside, I might be dead." Zhu said with emotion.

  In 2019, the Guangdong Provincial Department of Justice and the Provincial Health Commission jointly issued the "Notice on Strengthening the Medical Work in Judicial Administrative Drug Rehabilitation Places."

Up to now, Guangdong has achieved that all medical institutions in judicial and administrative drug treatment centers in the province have obtained practicing qualifications, all have joined the local medical consortium, and have cooperated with local hospitals to establish special wards for drug abusers, effectively supplementing medical shortcomings.

  When visiting the companies where the abstinence personnel were employed, many business executives said, “When recruiting abstinence personnel, they did have concerns. They were worried about their health problems, and they were afraid of not being self-disciplined and uncontrollable. However, a few people were recruited this time. All personnel have participated in exercises to detoxify, and their health is very good, and their performance is also very good."

  The survey showed that 86.5% of drug addicts through participation in sports detoxification and rehabilitation training not only improved their physical functions, but also regained their confidence and strengthened their determination to detoxify.

Many drug addicts became couriers, fitness instructors, forklift drivers, and Cantonese cuisine chefs after leaving their homes, and they managed to stay away from drugs.

  The reporter learned that in recent years, the Guangdong Drug Rehabilitation Administration has actively explored innovative sports drug rehabilitation models, focusing on building a set of basic theories, a team of experts, a set of practical procedures, a set of quality courses, a set of smart management platform, A series of scientific research results, a promotion mechanism, a batch of award-winning brand projects "Eight Ones" as the main content of the sports detoxification and rehabilitation training work system, and incorporates lion dance, waist drum, African drum, Tai Chi Kung Fu fan, Baduan Jin, etc. Featured rehabilitation training activities, and carry out research on sports detoxification.

  In January of this year, the Guangdong Drug Rehabilitation Administration organized a task force to conduct follow-up visits to the detoxification and detoxification personnel in the exercise within one year. Among the 353 people, 278 people were trained and 292 people maintained ethics. The retention rate of ethics was 82.7%.

Technology Empowers Wisdom in Drug Rehabilitation and Promotes Source Control of Drugs

  Exploring brain waves and heart rate by wearing smart devices, establishing a scientific and effective addiction index, using exercise prescriptions, music induction and other means to form a closed-loop service for smart drug detoxification... In March this year, the Guangdong Provincial Addiction Index Intelligent Evaluation and Intervention Joint Research Center The compulsory isolation and rehabilitation center was inaugurated and established in Cencun, Guangzhou.

  Chen Junlong, Dean of the School of Computer and Science of South China University of Technology, commented: "The establishment of the joint research center will make outstanding contributions to the innovative application and long-term development of artificial intelligence in the field of drug rehabilitation in future work."

  The creation of smart drug rehabilitation centers has been a key task actively promoted by the judicial and administrative drug rehabilitation system in Guangdong in recent years.

By advancing the development and integration of business systems such as diagnosis and evaluation, education and correction, and electronic medical records for drug addicts, promote the construction of "air classroom", remote visits, telemedicine, and remote psychological cloud platforms, carry out drug control data management, and plug wisdom into a unified model The "wings" of detoxification.

  In practice, the Guangdong Drug Rehabilitation Administration regards the promotion of drug prevention publicity as a fundamental solution to serve the fight against drugs and promote the treatment of the source of drugs, and further promote the popularization of drug control and treatment laws, especially the publicity and education work of preventing new types of drugs from harming young people.

  Recently, the Guangdong Provincial Department of Education, the Department of Justice, and the General Legal Affairs Office jointly released the third batch of provincial youth legal education practice bases. The third compulsory isolation drug rehabilitation center in Guangdong Province is on the list of the youth legal education practice bases. This is the Guangdong judicial administrative drug rehabilitation system for young people. Another anti-drug science platform created.

Sponsored by the Guangdong Narcotics Control Commission and co-organized by the Narcotics Rehabilitation Bureau, the Guangdong Narcotics Science Museum, built by the No. 1 Compulsory Isolation Drug Rehabilitation Center in Guangdong Province, has received over 5 Million person-times.

The "200 Questions on Preventing and Rejecting Drugs for Youth" organized and compiled by the Provincial Drug Rehabilitation Bureau will be published soon, focusing on the publicity and education of drug identification and rejection for young people.

  On June 6, the drug prevention micro-video recorded by the Nanfeng Compulsory Isolation and Rehabilitation Center in Guangdong Province entered the classroom of the technical school, bringing "cloud online classes" to teachers and students; on June 17, the Zhuhai City Compulsory Isolation and Rehabilitation Center "drug prevention" "Air Class" was broadcast live in 10 schools in Guangdong, Guizhou, Jilin, Hubei, Gansu, Yunnan... Affected by the epidemic, this year's anti-drug publicity month, Guangdong judicial and administrative drug rehabilitation centers used "cloud classrooms" to achieve "uninterrupted anti-drug preaching" ".

  It is reported that the Guangdong Drug Rehabilitation Administration has now organized a drug rehabilitation publicity group with more than 300 key members, and built an online and offline all-weather drug control publicity team, effectively promoting the "six advances" activities of drug prevention.