China News Service, Beijing, June 12 (Li Jingze and Liang Xiaohui) The 29th meeting of the Standing Committee of the 13th National People's Congress voted on the 10th to pass the Anti-Foreign Sanctions Law of the People's Republic of China.
The law has 16 articles of more than 1,200 words, centering on anti-sanctions, anti-interference, and countering long-arm jurisdiction. It is a legal "toolbox" for coping with challenges and preventing risks.
Why does China legislate anti-foreign sanctions?
What are the basis for legislation?
What deterrent effect will it produce?
The reporter interviewed experts in the international law circle to answer this question.
Turning to the Anti-Foreign Sanctions Law, Article 1 clearly states: "In order to safeguard the sovereignty, security, and development interests of the country, and protect the legitimate rights and interests of our citizens and organizations, this law is formulated in accordance with the Constitution."
The head of the Legal Work Committee of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress pointed out in response to reporters that in recent years, certain Western countries and organizations have been unwilling to see, recognize, and accept the reality of China’s tremendous development and progress due to the need for political manipulation. And ideological prejudice, using various topics and excuses such as Xinjiang, Tibet, Hong Kong, Taiwan, sea, and epidemics, to criticize, discredit, and attack China’s domestic and foreign policies and the agenda of relevant legislative amendments, and to distort, slander, and contain China’s development. And suppression, especially in violation of international law and basic norms of international relations, in accordance with its own national laws to impose so-called "sanctions" on relevant Chinese state agencies, organizations, and state personnel, and grossly interfere in China's internal affairs.
Li Qingming, an associate researcher at the Institute of International Law of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, pointed out: "The above-mentioned practices violate the sovereignty of other countries and are not conducive to the settlement of disputes by peaceful means. This typical hegemonism and power politics affect the normal political, economic, and cultural exchanges and cooperation between countries. ."
As the saying goes, "return the body of the person by the way of the person."
The Chinese government has repeatedly announced the implementation of corresponding countermeasures against individuals and entities in relevant countries, and the Ministry of Commerce has also issued policies such as the "Regulations on the List of Unreliable Entities."
However, Huo Zhengxin, a professor at the School of International Law of China University of Political Science and Law, believes that the above-mentioned anti-sanction measures are mainly through administrative means, which lack the support of national legislation.
Today, the anti-foreign sanctions law has made up for this shortcoming and provided a strong legal guarantee for China to counter foreign discriminatory measures in accordance with the law.
Public opinion generally believes that the law embodies the concept of "people do not offend me, I do not offend; if anyone offends me, I will offend others." This sentence full of justice, rationality and fighting spirit by Mao Zedong has been given importance today. The practical significance of.
In terms of specific provisions, the Anti-Foreign Sanctions Law mainly targets the so-called "unilateral sanctions" for foreign interference in China's internal affairs, and provides detailed regulations on the circumstances under which countermeasures are taken, who they are applied to, and countermeasures.
Huo Zhengxin said that the law fully summarizes China's countermeasures and related work practices, with many subtle considerations.
For example, Article 6 of the Anti-Foreign Sanctions Law enumerates three types of countermeasures such as non-issuance of visas and freezing of property, but also makes a comprehensive provision, that is, "other necessary measures."
In another example, the law not only stipulates the individuals included in the countermeasures list, but also stipulates that countermeasures can be taken against organizations in which the individuals included in the countermeasure list serve as senior managers.
"For individuals, this undoubtedly increases their illegal costs and prompts them to change their decisions."
"In addition, the anti-foreign sanctions law also sorts out relevant foreign legislation, and takes into account international law and basic norms of international relations." Li Qingming pointed out that many countries and international organizations, including the United States, Russia, and the European Union, have formulated different forms. Legislation blocked and countered discriminatory measures of other countries.
He said that since the 1990s, the United Nations General Assembly has passed a series of resolutions that have repeatedly emphasized the opposition to a country’s abuse of legal extraterritorial effects, demanded the abolition of various unilateral laws and measures that have extraterritorial effects on enterprises and individuals in other countries, and called on all countries not to recognize , Do not implement such laws and measures.
"China's promulgation and implementation of anti-foreign sanctions laws are consistent with the spirit of the UN General Assembly resolutions and are legitimate.
International law circles pointed out that China’s anti-foreign sanctions masters are well-known and have laws to follow.
For countries that have already adopted "unilateral sanctions" against China, the law may affect the introduction of more radical measures in the next step. For countries that may follow other countries to adopt "unilateral sanctions" measures, the promulgation of the law may remind them. Think twice.
Li Qingming pointed out, "The most important thing is that this kind of anti-sanctions struggle may restrict certain countries from introducing more radical sanctions against individuals and entities in other countries, preventing greater damage to the interests of the latter, and will help. Maintain the peace and security of the international community and promote cooperation and development among all countries."