my country has named 262 national ecological civilization construction demonstration zones
Will start a new round of national environmental protection model city construction work
□ Our reporter Yan Jianrong
June 5 is an environmental day determined by the Environmental Protection Law.
The theme of this year's Environment Day is "Harmony between Man and Nature."
Undoubtedly, the development of the national ecological civilization construction demonstration zone is highly compatible with the theme of Environment Day.
According to the person in charge of the Natural Ecological Protection Department of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, as of 2020, the ecological environment section has named 262 national ecological civilization construction demonstration areas in four batches.
The person in charge said that the construction of the national ecological civilization construction demonstration zone has achieved remarkable results.
Shenzhen Dapeng New District, as the second batch of regions to be awarded the title of National Ecological Civilization Construction Demonstration Zone, "takes the lead in building the country's first Bay Area ecological civilization comprehensive evaluation index system; takes the lead in carrying out an ecological audit of party and government leaders..." Shenzhen, Guangdong Province Hong Xiaoqun, director of the Dapeng Management Bureau of the Municipal Ecological Environment Bureau, revealed in an interview with a reporter from the Rule of Law Daily that the Dapeng New District continued to explore before and after the establishment and acquisition of the title of National Ecological Civilization Construction Demonstration Zone, highlighting the first and first trials, and a number of reforms led the way. Nationwide.
Cui Shuhong, director of the Department of Natural Ecological Protection of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, revealed that during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment will launch a new round of national environmental protection model city construction.
Dapeng New District makes every effort to build an ecological civilization "Dapeng Template"
Dapeng New District is located in the southeast of Shenzhen. It is the area with the most complete preservation of the natural ecosystem, the richest biodiversity and the best environmental quality in Shenzhen.
"Dapeng New District has good natural resources and has the basis for the development of pilot ecological civilization construction." According to Hong Xiaoqun, at the end of 2012, in order to thoroughly implement the spirit of the 18th CPC National Congress and actively practice the concept of ecological civilization, Dapeng New District decided to establish National Ecological Civilization Construction Demonstration Zone.
Relevant person in charge of the Dapeng Management Bureau said that in accordance with the requirements of the former Ministry of Environmental Protection on the creation of a national ecological civilization demonstration zone, the Dapeng New District first achieved a national lead in the establishment of a national ecological civilization demonstration zone.
In addition to the two firsts mentioned above, Dapeng New District has also taken the lead in launching the first "compiled" natural resource balance sheet in the country; it has taken the lead in exploring the establishment of an eco-environmental protection supervision and enforcement system in the country, and has taken the lead in establishing the first The Bay Area Ecological Civilization Comprehensive Evaluation Index System, took the lead in building a cost evaluation technical system for the development and use of natural resources, took the lead in building an exchange platform for the construction of the Bay Area’s ecological civilization, and took the lead in implementing monetized ecological compensation policies.
With these institutional guarantees, the level of ecological and environmental protection in Dapeng New District has also reached a new level.
Monitoring data shows that by 2018, Dapeng New Area's Ecological Environment Index (EI Index) ranked first in Guangdong Province for 4 consecutive years.
The relevant person in charge of the Dapeng Management Bureau told the reporter that in the process of creating a national ecological civilization construction demonstration zone, the total economic volume of the Dapeng New Area has steadily increased, and the industrial structure has been continuously optimized.
Strategic emerging industries and high-tech industries accounted for 69.2% of GDP; a total of 184 low-end enterprises were eliminated and transformed, exceeding 65% of the total number of industrial enterprises at the beginning of the establishment of the new zone.
In the process of establishing the National Ecological Civilization Demonstration Zone, Dapeng New District has achieved a win-win situation in terms of environmental and economic benefits.
From being named in December 2018 to the continuous progress in recent years, the ecological environment quality of Dapeng New District has continued to improve significantly.
"The good air quality rate in 2020 is 97.8%, and the annual average PM2.5 value is 17.3 micrograms/m3, which is close to the third stage of the WHO standard. The elimination of black and odorous water bodies is completed two and a half years earlier than the requirements in Shenzhen. The water quality of rivers in the jurisdiction will be completed in 2020. 100% of them are above Class IV, 90% of which are above Class III; the water quality of the 6 coastal waters monitoring points maintains the national first-class water quality standards; the retention rate of natural shorelines reaches 65.61%, and the protection rate of rivers and lakes reaches 100%." The person in charge of the Dapeng Management Bureau said that as the only "ecological zone" in Shenzhen that does not assess GDP (Gross Domestic Product), in 2019, the GEP (Gross Ecosystem Product) of Dapeng New District reached 232.468 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase. 2.01%.
In the process of creating a national ecological civilization construction demonstration zone, Dapeng New District has continuously explored and practiced new paths for ecological civilization construction.
In the meantime, Dapeng New District has carried out a number of tasks such as synergy in reducing pollution and carbon, building an EOD development model, deepening the battle for pollution prevention, land and sea coordination to deepen pollution prevention in coastal waters, and in-depth promotion of the reform of the ecological civilization system.
Dapeng New District has been identified as a national-level marine ecological civilization construction demonstration area, and has won honors such as the most beautiful county in China.
The Dapeng model of the National Ecological Civilization Construction Demonstration Zone is highly recognized.
In Hong Xiaoqun's view, this is the result of Dapeng New District's persistent efforts to deepen the exploration of ecological civilization construction mechanism reforms from a higher starting point, a higher level, and a higher goal for many years.
Significant results have been achieved in the construction of my country's ecological civilization demonstration zone
Looking at the whole country, Dapeng New District is just a successful example among the 262 national ecological civilization construction demonstration zones across the country.
Demonstration zones for the construction of ecological civilization in other parts of the country are also advancing simultaneously and bearing fruit.
Jing'an County, Jiangxi Province is among the first batch of regions awarded by the Ministry of Ecology and Environment as a demonstration county for the construction of national ecological civilization.
After several years of establishment, the forest coverage rate of Jing'an County has increased from 79% to 84%; the domestic sewage treatment rate of the town has reached more than 90%, and the water quality at the junction of the county has reached the second-class standard; the annual average concentration of PM2.5 is 21 micrograms/m3 Meter.
In November 2020, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment named and commended the fourth batch of 87 national ecological civilization construction demonstration areas, and Qianjiang District of Chongqing City was one of them.
According to the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, in recent years, Qianjiang District has actively practiced the concept of "two mountains", gave full play to its ecological advantages, coordinated ecological environmental protection and poverty alleviation work, and promoted the high-quality development of the characteristic mountain economy.
In 2020, Dongxing City, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, named as the National Ecological Civilization Construction Demonstration Zone by the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, will resolutely win the battle against pollution and continue to improve the quality of the ecological environment.
In 2019, Dongxing City’s drinking water source, surface water quality, and coastal waters environmental function zone water quality compliance rate reached 100%, and it became the first autonomous region-level ecological city in Fangchenggang City.
Tongdao Dong Autonomous County of Huaihua City, Hunan Province is also included in the fourth batch of 87 national ecological civilization construction demonstration zones.
According to the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, Tongdao Dong Autonomous County focuses on the development goal of “establishing an ecological county, rejuvenating the county through tourism, and developing a strong industrial county”. Oriented by biopharmaceuticals, we have embarked on an ecological road to overcome poverty with beauty.
Mohe is the northernmost county-level city in my country and enjoys the reputation of "Shenzhou Arctic", with a forest coverage rate of 97.15%.
The Mohe Municipal Party Committee and Municipal Government attach great importance to the construction of ecological civilization, coordinate the promotion of the "five in one" overall layout, and aim to build a "beautiful Mohe, livable, industrial, and beautiful Mohe", strengthen top-level design, highlight regional characteristics, and vigorously promote the creation.
Cui Shuhong pointed out that the establishment of ecological civilization demonstration has become an effective carrier for improving the quality of the regional ecological environment, promoting the implementation of the ecological civilization system reform and the construction of an ecological economic system.
The role of demonstration benchmarking in demonstration construction areas has become increasingly prominent, and the people's sense of gain and satisfaction in the ecological environment has been continuously improved.
The assessment indicators and management regulations of the environmental protection model city are being revised
According to the person in charge of the Department of Natural Ecological Protection of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, the former National Environmental Protection Agency has already carried out extensive construction of ecological demonstration zones across the country in the 1990s.
In 1997, the former National Environmental Protection Agency launched the creation of national environmental protection model cities nationwide in accordance with the "National Environmental Protection "Ninth Five-Year Plan" and 2010 Long-Term Goals", and successively named a number of national environmental protection model cities.
The person in charge said that since 2000, the former Ministry of Environmental Protection has promoted the development of ecological construction demonstration areas with ecological provinces, cities, counties, towns, villages, and industrial parks as the starting point on the basis of the work of ecological demonstration zones.
The person in charge stated that in 2013, with the approval of the central government, the "Ecological Construction Demonstration Zone" was renamed the "Ecological Civilization Construction Demonstration Zone".
"On the whole, my country's demonstration construction work has achieved remarkable results." The person in charge told the reporter that the national ecological civilization construction demonstration cities and counties are in the province in terms of improving the ecological environment quality and the environmental air quality and water environment quality of the demonstration construction area. Forefront.
At the same time, the eco-environmental quality index of these areas has reached excellent and above, and the tasks stipulated in the Ten Water, Gas and Soil Articles have been fully completed.
According to Cui Shuhong, in the next step, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment will further improve the demonstration construction system led by the ecological province, the ecological civilization construction demonstration area as the cell engineering, and the urban agglomeration ecological civilization demonstration construction as the supplement.
He said that during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment will continue to carry out the selection of the national ecological civilization construction demonstration zone and the "two mountains" practice innovation base.
In addition, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment is revising the assessment indicators and management regulations for environmental protection model cities, and a new round of national environmental protection model city construction is about to start.