More than 180 countries and regions have launched Chinese language education. More than 70 countries have incorporated Chinese into their national education systems-the

  international influence of Chinese continues to expand

  On June 2, the Ministry of Education and the State Language Commission released the 2020 Chinese Language and Character Business and Language Life in Beijing, and released the annual "Chinese Language and Character Business Development Report", "Chinese Language Life Report", "Chinese Language Policy Research Report", and "World "Report on the Situation of Linguistic Life" and "Report on the Situation of Linguistic Life in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area".

Zhou Wei, Director of the Department of Language Application Management of the Ministry of Education, introduced at the meeting that survey data showed that the penetration rate of Putonghua across the country reached 80.72%, which satisfactorily completed the target set in the "13th Five-Year" development plan for the language business.

  Promote Mandarin to help fight poverty

  2020 is the year of resolute victory in poverty alleviation and the final year of the "13th Five-Year Plan". The Ministry of Education has taken three measures in terms of solidly advancing the promotion of popularization and assisting poverty alleviation.

  One is to continuously increase training efforts, organize more than 2,800 teachers and students from 50 colleges and universities national language promotion base and Beijing Language and Writing Association, and conduct online tutoring training for more than 7,200 teachers in 52 impoverished counties.

Entrusted to mobilize local governments to carry out Mandarin training for rural teachers, minority teachers, and young and middle-aged labors, and the number of participants exceeded 1.24 million.

  The second is to continue to optimize learning resources.

Organized the compilation of a pocket book "Mandarin Hundred Words and Hundred Sentences", and gave 200,000 copies to 52 poor counties for free.

Produced "365 Sentences of Mandarin for Children" animation learning resources.

Send free "Smart Rich Box" equipment and supporting teaching materials to 86 poor villages.

The "Language Poverty Alleviation" application link and online "Vocational Education Professional Teaching Resource Library" and other curriculum resources, with a total of nearly 900,000 users.

  The third is to further promote voluntary services.

In conjunction with the Central Committee of the Communist Youth League, the National University Students’ Social Practice Volunteer Service Activity of “Pushing Popularization and Helping Poverty Alleviation” was organized, and more than 1,200 students from 96 college practice teams were organized to carry out popularization of voluntary services in uncapped poor counties.

  "What we have completed in 2020 is the promotion of popularization to help poverty alleviation plan. Next, we will effectively connect with rural revitalization and propose a promotion of popularization to help rural revitalization plan. In particular, we will increase the training of'vocational skills + Mandarin' for young and middle-aged laborers to consolidate and expand the promotion. The results of general assistance in poverty alleviation and the effective connection of rural revitalization." Zhou Wei said.

  At the same time, in 2020, the field of language work has actively explored the inheritance of Chinese classics and the scientific protection of language resources, and a lot of work has been carried out. The Chinese classics recitation project is fruitful.

The second "Chinese Classics Reciting, Writing and Speaking Contest" received widespread attention and active participation from the society, with 130,000 shortlisted works.

In addition, the Ministry of Education also carried out the second special online training on Chinese classic recitation for 22 provinces in the central and western regions, and more than 10,000 primary and middle school Chinese teachers participated in the training.

  The number of foreign students studying Chinese exceeds 20 million

  Language exchanges and cooperation have promoted people-to-people bonds, and the international status of Chinese has been rising.

  Statistics show that as of the end of 2020, more than 180 countries and regions around the world have carried out Chinese education, more than 70 countries have included Chinese in their national education systems, and the number of foreigners learning Chinese has exceeded 20 million.

Starting from January 25, 2021, Chinese has officially become the official language of the United Nations World Tourism Organization.

  Relying on Internet resources, Chinese learners have a wide range of communication and learning channels.

According to Liu Hong, the deputy director of the Department of Language and Information Management of the Ministry of Education, online Chinese education is booming. The "Chinese Alliance" cloud service teaching platform provides more than 190 free online courses in Chinese, Chinese culture, etc. to the world, benefiting more than 200 Thousands of overseas Chinese learners.

In addition, the Russian version of the "Report on the Situation of Chinese Language Life" was published to continue to expand the international influence of the Chinese language industry.

  "The research and application of key technologies of informatization is advancing steadily. In particular, the global Chinese learning platform makes full use of advanced technologies such as artificial intelligence to gather various Chinese learning resources to create an online learning environment that can learn Chinese anytime, anywhere, and use technology to help Chinese. Inheritance and international influence." Liu Hong said.

  In fact, since the global Chinese learning platform was launched in October 2019, it has extensively gathered Chinese learning resources and provided an intelligent Chinese learning path.

In 2020, international Chinese education will be affected by the epidemic, which will force the global Chinese learning platform to be further optimized.

Nowadays, the content of platform products is more abundant, and breakthroughs have been made in key technologies such as spoken language evaluation engine and phonological error correction.

The international version of "Translation to Learn Chinese" mobile app for overseas Chinese learners was officially launched in April last year. It currently supports 6 languages: Chinese, English, Japanese, Korean, Russian, and Thai, and will continue to increase in the future.

At the same time, the domestic version of "Knowledge Chinese" mobile app for language learning of domestic primary and middle school students, and the preschool version of "Knowledge Chinese" mobile app for language enlightenment learning for preschoolers have also been launched.

As of the end of 2020, the platform has accumulated more than 2.1 million users, covering nearly 170 countries and regions.

  Standardization and Informationization of Chinese Language and Characters

  Standardization of language and writing is not only an important part of building a harmonious language life, but also plays an important role in leading the development of language life.

In recent years, the world’s linguistic life has been complicated and complicated. It has become a consensus in many countries to improve the standardization, standardization and informatization of language and to strengthen the capacity building of language services.

  In 2020, the National Language Commission issued the "National Anthem of the People's Republic of China" National Sign Language Program (the "Program"), which will be officially implemented on March 1 this year. This is the country's first sign language user with hearing disabilities. As the main body, standardize the application of the national common sign language to "sing" the national anthem.

On March 4, at the opening ceremony of the Fourth Session of the 13th CPPCC National Committee, Tai Lihua, a member of the CPPCC National Committee and head of the Chinese Art Troupe for the Disabled, and her sign language translator Hei Hong "sing" the national anthem in sign language moved many people.

  The implementation of the "Program" has effectively solved the desire of the hearing-disabled sign language users to use sign language to express the national anthem in a standardized, uniform, and serious way in the occasions where the hearing-disabled person has played and sings the national anthem, so that the hearing-disabled person can fully and accurately experience the national spirit of the national anthem. , Calling for patriotism deep down in my heart." Liu Hong said.

  In addition, the promulgation of the "International Chinese Language Education Standards for Chinese Proficiency Levels" and the "General Standards for Chinese Characters Stroke Order Standards" has also further promoted the standardization of language and writing.

Among them, the "General Standards of Chinese Characters and Stroke Order Standards" will provide an important basis for the teaching and research of Chinese characters, information processing, sorting and retrieval, and dictionary compilation at the general level of society.

  It is worth mentioning that the "International Chinese Language Education Standards for Chinese Proficiency Levels" is the first standardized standard for foreign Chinese learners by the National Language Commission to comprehensively evaluate learners' Chinese language skills and proficiency. It will become an international Chinese-related standardized and standardized language test. The basis of the propositions and the basic basis for various innovative evaluations of Chinese teaching and learning will also become the reference basis for the overall design, textbook compilation, classroom teaching and course testing of the global international Chinese education, and will also become the "Internet +" era An important basis for the construction of various new models and new platforms for international Chinese education.

Sun Yahui

Sun Yahui