Ensuring the realization of drought and flood, high yield and stable yield
The construction of high-standard farmland is advancing rapidly ("14th Five-Year Plan", we started like this)
Our reporter Zhu Jun Wang Hao Fangyuan Wang Dan
Spring contends day, summer contends time.
In Jiangxi, farming in the fields is rushing people, and farmland construction is in full swing.
"With high-standard farmland, dry and water can be drained and waterlogged can be drained, and the mechanical farming road leads to the field, and agricultural machinery is used throughout the process, which saves effort and money." A big grain farmer Yanjinwang farming land has confidence in Wuxing Village, Tanxi Township, Lichuan County, Jiangxi Province. "This year, more than 400 mu of double-cropping rice has been planted in one go. Changing from single-cropping rice to double-cropping rice will increase income by more than 400 jin per mu. The annual output is expected to be around 700,000 jin."
Cultivated land is the lifeblood of food production.
General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that it is necessary to build high-standard farmland to truly achieve high and stable yields due to droughts and floods.
The "14th Five-Year Plan" outline proposes to build a national food safety industrial belt with the focus on functional areas of grain production and important agricultural production protection zones, implement high-standard farmland construction projects, and build 1.075 billion acres of concentrated contiguous high-standard farmland.
All localities have anchored targets, seized the construction period, increased investment, and strengthened management and protection to complete the task of constructing 100 million mu of high-standard farmland this year and provide stable support for the grain harvest in the beginning of the 14th Five-Year Plan.
Increase investment through multiple channels.
Recently, the 10,000-mu Rice Science and Technology Demonstration Park of Modern Agriculture in Fujin City, Heilongjiang became lively.
"Last year, we harvested 10% more grain per mu in our rice field, which is the light of turning low-yield fields into high-yield fields!" said Chen Fengbo, a villager in Northeast Village, Fujin City. I look forward to more high-yield fields."
"Farmers demand strong, and the policy is fully supported." Wang Xiaodong, Director of the Farmland Construction Management Office of the Heilongjiang Provincial Department of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, introduced, "In December last year, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs issued a task of 10.1 million mu of high-standard farmland construction in Heilongjiang Province in 2021. The province passed the fiscal Supporting, issuing bonds, and attracting social capital to ensure that the construction tasks are completed on time."
In Henan, since 2020, a total of 4.9 billion yuan in provincial-level fiscal supporting funds has been implemented, 1.2 billion yuan in government bonds have been used, and 265 million yuan in agriculture-related funds have been integrated.
In Jiangxi, a total of 9.51 billion yuan was invested in accordance with the standard of 3,000 yuan per mu with special debt as the main financing method.
Looking at the whole country, the investment guarantee mechanism for high-standard farmland construction is gradually improving.
This year, the central government's investment has increased compared with last year, and the proportion of land transfer proceeds used for high-standard farmland construction has increased.
In addition, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs encourages localities to use enough new farmland income to expand the scale of bond issuance for high-standard farmland construction.
The increase in investment has led to the acceleration of construction. In the first quarter of this year, the scale of high-standard farmland built in various places accounted for about 30% of the annual task volume, and the construction progress was generally in line with expectations.
The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs instructs local governments to use the national farmland construction comprehensive monitoring and supervision platform, implement monthly scheduling of project construction progress, strictly review scheduling data, and urge all localities to accelerate the construction of high-standard farmland.
Build fertile land with high quality.
"The facilities in the fields have been upgraded, and now it’s a joy to grow the land! The soil canal has become a smooth canal, and irrigation stations and water outlets have been built in the fields. When watering, one person can manage 1,500 mu of wheat. The night is watching." said Li Wei, the person in charge of Qizhi Agricultural Development Co., Ltd., Dongzhuang Village, Xinglou Town, Xuzhou City, Jiangsu Province. "
In accordance with the standards of “Tiancheng Fang, Canal Connection, Road Connection, Dry Irrigation and Flood Irrigation" standards, all localities have strengthened construction quality management to ensure that the quantity and quality of high-standard farmland construction increase.
Sichuan has carried out the "five good" integration of good varieties, good methods, good systems, good fields, and good opportunities in hilly and mountainous areas; Gansu has coordinated the promotion of high-standard farmland construction and efficient water-saving irrigation. This year, the task of high-efficiency water-saving irrigation has increased to 1,443,400 mu, truly realizing drought and flood protection.
Good lands are matched with good methods to increase grain production steadily.
To build high-standard farmland, it is more necessary to lay the grain, biological pesticides, insect-killing lamps, and straw returning to the field...a series of green planting technologies are accelerated.
Ping Donglin, head of the Hehe Ecological Agriculture Professional Cooperative in Zhangying Village, Fanjian Town, Tianchang City, Anhui Province, said: “The use of fertilizers is less, the soil is not compacted, and the quality of wheat is also high. It is 0.5 yuan higher than the market price per catty. High yield and increased income."
High-standard farmland facilitates the transformation of production methods.
Increase machinery, weight-loss drugs, strong trusteeship, and produce high-yield and high-quality grains from fertile fields.
Evaluation data shows that the quality of cultivated land in high-standard farmland project areas can be improved by one to two grades, grain production capacity can be increased by an average of 10% to 20%, and grain yield per mu can be increased by 100 kg, achieving "a kilo of grain in one season and tons of grain in two seasons".
Moreover, the application of pesticides in the project area can be reduced by 19.1%, and the application of chemical fertilizers can be reduced by 13.8%.
Good land is equipped with good policies, and it is better to build and protect.
"The ditches are easily blocked by weeds and silt, so I will come around and deal with the problems promptly when I find the problems." In Zhangzhou Village, Zhouhu Town, Fu County, Jiangxi Province, the administrator Dai Xiaojun took good care of the high-standard farmland.
Anfu County clarifies the four-level grid long-term management and protection responsibilities of counties, townships, villages, and groups, and arranges one management and protection staff for every 1,000 mu of farmland.
Three divisions of construction and seven divisions of management, and establishment and improvement of high-standard farmland management and protection mechanisms in various regions.
Provinces such as Jiangxi and Shandong are actively exploring management and protection models such as the "field chief system" and "field nanny", and mobilize the enthusiasm of large professional households, family farms, and farmer cooperatives to carry out daily maintenance of farmland facilities.
Liaoning, Heilongjiang, Henan and other provinces have adopted methods such as property insurance, government procurement of services, and setting up full-time management and protection personnel to mobilize all parties to participate in the management and protection of farmland facilities, focusing on long-term benefits.
"In the next step, the agricultural and rural departments will gather efforts and take multiple measures to firmly grasp the key links of cultivated land protection and farmland construction, comprehensively promote the implementation of the strategy of storing grain on the ground and storing grain on technology, and further consolidate and enhance the comprehensive grain production capacity. "Said Wu Hongwei, the second-level inspector of the Farmland Construction Management Department of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs.Keywords: