Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, June 4th.

Title: Building a beautiful China in which man and nature coexist harmoniously. The CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core promotes the construction of ecological civilization.

  Xinhua News Agency reporters Qi Zhongxi, Gao Jing, Hu Lu, Yu Wenjing

  June 5th is World Environment Day.

The theme of my country's Environmental Day this year is "Harmonious Coexistence between Man and Nature."

  Adhere to the path of green development and build the foundation of ecological civilization together.

  Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, under the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core, and under the guidance of Xi Jinping’s thoughts on ecological civilization, the Chinese people have united their efforts to unswervingly follow the path of green development, and the harmonious coexistence of man and nature Beautiful China is changing from a blueprint to a reality.

Foresight-building an ecological civilization to solve the harmonious coexistence of man and nature

  This is the scenery of Wushan and the Yangtze River in Nantong, Jiangsu (taken on November 13, 2020, UAV photo).

Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Ji Chunpeng

  Nantong City, Jiangsu Province, is the "last stop" where the Yangtze River flows into the sea for thousands of miles.

In the southern part of the city, five mountains, such as Huangni Mountain, Ma'an Mountain, Lang Mountain, Jian Mountain, and Jun Mountain, stand close to the river and depend on each other.

  "We used to live by the river, but we couldn't see the river," said Huang Jiayong, a resident of Nantong City. "There is too much dust in the docks, and the windows cannot be opened and the quilts cannot be dried."

  More than 100 years ago, industrialist Zhang Jian hoped that his hometown Wushan area would become a "garden and scenic area."

However, Wushan and the Binjiang area were once dotted with hazardous chemical terminals, bulk cargo terminals, container terminals, etc., which brought a series of environmental pollution problems such as sewage and dust to the local area, resulting in "the riverside is not seen by the river, and the water near the river is not hydrophilic".

  More than Nantong?

Once, from Bashan Shushui to Jiangnan Water Village, sewage flowed into the river, sand and gravel piled up at wharves, and chemical companies surrounded the river. The water quality of the Yangtze River continued to deteriorate, the ecological function was gradually degraded, and the ecosystem was alarmed.

General Secretary Xi Jinping once described Mother He sadly: "If you are sick, you are not too ill."

  Is it more than the Yangtze River?

Once, after decades of rapid development, the accumulated environmental problems have entered a stage of high-intensity and frequent occurrence. In autumn and winter, smog frequently raises air pollution alarms, and rivers and rivers have reduced fish and shrimps, and water quality has frequently become urgent.

  On January 5, 2016, General Secretary Xi Jinping convened a symposium on promoting the development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt in Chongqing, and he eloquently proposed “to protect together, and not to develop”.

  As time passed, Zhang Jian's dream finally became a reality.

In recent years, Nantong has shut down more than 200 scattered and polluting enterprises, cleared more than 160 small miscellaneous ships, closed the country’s largest import sulphur distribution base at the time, repaired the coastline and increased forest area, gradually along the Yangtze River. Construct a green corridor.

  "Now we often go for a walk in the riverside park at night, which is very comfortable." Huang Jiayong said with a smile.

  On November 12, 2020, General Secretary Xi Jinping visited the Binjiang area of ​​Wushan area for investigation and investigation.

"In the past, the dirty and messy places became the green belts of the current parks, which shows that as long as we make up our minds, we will be able to implement the requirements of the development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt to protect them and not to develop them." General Secretary Xi Jinping said.

  The water quality has improved, the finless porpoise is leaping, and the mother river of the Yangtze River is rejuvenating.

  The prosperity of ecology leads to the prosperity of civilization, and the decline of ecology leads to the decline of civilization.

The construction of ecological civilization is a fundamental plan for the sustainable development of the Chinese nation.

  Standing at this height, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core solves the harmonious coexistence of man and nature, points out the path of ecological civilization, and drew a magnificent blueprint for a beautiful China.

  The Fifth Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee of the Party put forward five major development concepts, and green development has become the meaning of promoting high-quality development; the 19th National Congress of the Party clearly proposed to accelerate the reform of the ecological civilization system and build a beautiful China; the Fifth National Congress of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China The plenary session once again emphasized "promoting green development and promoting the harmonious coexistence of man and nature"...a series of major deployments, declaring the firm determination of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core to promote the construction of ecological civilization.

  This is a view of the Li River in Xingping Town, Yangshuo County, Guilin, Guangxi, taken on October 18, 2018 (photographed by drone stitching).

Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Li Xin

  After inspecting the Yangshuo section of the Lijiang River in Guilin, Guangxi, General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized that maintaining the authenticity and integrity of the landscape ecology is an important task, in-depth promotion of ecological restoration and environmental pollution control, eliminating excessive mining and digging, and promoting the sustainable ecological environment of the river basin. Improvement, continuous optimization of the ecosystem, and continuous improvement of overall functions.

  When inspecting and investigating Yucun Village, Tianhuangping Town, Anji County, Huzhou City, Zhejiang Province, General Secretary Xi Jinping affirmed their practice of developing a green economy and driving villagers’ incomes to become rich.

"Facts have proved that economic development cannot be at the cost of destroying the ecology. The ecology itself is the economy, and protecting the ecology is the development of productivity." General Secretary Xi Jinping said.

  On the shore of Dianchi Lake in Yunnan, General Secretary Xi Jinping asked in detail about the protection and management of Dianchi Lake and the improvement of water quality.

The general secretary emphasized that to promote high-quality economic development, we must not take the old path of pollution first and control afterwards.

As long as we insist on ecological priority, green development, perseverance, and long-term success, we will surely turn green waters and green mountains into golden mountains and silver mountains...

  In recent years, General Secretary Xi Jinping has visited local areas and the construction of ecological civilization is an important arrangement.

The mountains and rivers of the motherland have witnessed General Secretary Xi Jinping's feelings for the sustainable development of the Chinese nation.

  "Green water and green mountains are golden and silver mountains";

  "Protect the ecological environment like protecting the eyes, and treat the ecological environment like life";

  "To protect the ecological environment is to protect productivity, and to improve the ecological environment is to develop productivity";

  "People live up to the green hills, and green hills will surely live up to others";

  "Coordinate the management of landscape, forest, field, lake, grass and sand system";

  ...

  Hearing words, shining with the light of Xi Jinping's thoughts on ecological civilization, guide the construction of a beautiful China to continue to advance in depth.

  Since the Eighteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China, my country has taken a series of fundamental, pioneering, and long-term efforts to manage landscapes, rivers, forests, fields, lakes, grasses and sands. Historical, turning and overall changes have taken place.

  On May 26 this year, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment formally issued the "Communiqué on the State of China's Ecological Environment in 2020".

This is a report full of greenery. Both 2020 and the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" key goals and tasks of the ecological environment have been successfully over-fulfilled, and the quality of the national ecological environment has been significantly improved.

  There are more blue skies, and the proportion of good days in cities at prefecture-level and above has increased to 87%; rivers are clearer, and the proportion of good surface water sections has increased to 83.4%; homes are more beautiful, and the total number of natural protected areas at all levels has reached 11,800...

  Behind the green answer is the firm step of China, the largest developing country, on the road to green development, and the unremitting efforts of 1.4 billion Chinese people to promote green transformation with practical actions.

  On the battlefield fighting the smog, more than 25 million households in northern my country have implemented clean heating renovations, more than 24 million yellow-label cars and old cars have been eliminated across the country, and 229 iron and steel companies have implemented ultra-low emission upgrades for 620 million tons of crude steel production capacity. We will comprehensively rectify scattered and polluting enterprises and clusters. In many places, outdated production capacities such as steel and coal have been eliminated...

  In order to protect the long flow of clear water, the farmers put away the cages to return the rivers and lakes to the nature. The urban sewage pipeline network is rapidly advancing, the sewage treatment capacity is continuously improved, and the chemical companies along the Yangtze River are "renovating and relocating"...

  Escort the road of green development with institutional power.

In recent years, laws such as the Environmental Protection Law, the Environmental Protection Tax Law, the Air Pollution Prevention and Control Law, the Water Pollution Prevention and Control Law, and the Soil Pollution Prevention and Control Law have been improved.

Reform plans related to the construction of ecological civilization have been introduced one after another, especially the "sharp sword" of the Central Ecological Environmental Protection Inspectorate, which guards the green waters and mountains of the motherland.

  "China will increase its national independent contribution, adopt more powerful policies and measures, strive to reach its peak carbon dioxide emissions by 2030, and strive to achieve carbon neutrality by 2060."

  On September 22, 2020, President Xi Jinping made a solemn promise at the general debate of the 75th United Nations General Assembly, sending a strong signal to the world that China is firmly committed to the green development path.

A long time to work-a solid step forward in the construction of a beautiful China

  Changkou Village, Gaotang Town, Jiangle County, Sanming City, Fujian Province.

In the summer sun, the Jinxi River flows slowly from the entrance of the village, and there are thousands of mu of natural broad-leaved forest on the bank.

The village party secretary Zhang Linshun sat under a big tree in the village and told reporters: "We made more than 140,000 yuan by selling carbon tickets without cutting a tree in our village."

  He still remembered that when he was a child, he often followed his elders up the mountain to chop down trees.

Due to years of over-cutting, no mature trees were ever seen on the mountain.

Beginning in 2003, Sanming City explored the reform of the forestry property rights system, and implemented the reform of "dividing mountains to households, and equalizing forests to people", realizing "mountains determine power, tree roots, and people's mind".

Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, Sanming City has begun to explore mechanisms for realizing the value of ecological products, and the concept of tree planting and forest protection has become more popular.

  Not long ago, Changkou Village and Yubang Village, Xiamao Town, Shaxian District, Sanming City held the first issuing ceremony of Sanming Forestry Carbon Tickets, issuing the first batch of 5 forestry carbon tickets, totaling 29,715 tons of carbon sinks.

The carbon ticket Zhang Linshun received involved 3197 acres of ecological public welfare forest in Changkou Village.

  According to Chen Meigao, deputy director of the Sanming Forestry Bureau, a carbon ticket is a carbon emission reduction amount converted from the increase in forest growth as the calculation basis. It is issued to the forest owner in the form of a "ticket", thereby turning "air" into a taxable amount. "Real money" that can be traded, collected and stored, and can be loaned.

  "As long as the forest is well managed, the owner of the forest can get a steady stream of income." Chen Meigao said.

  From cutting trees for a living to protecting forests and increasing income, the development of Changkou Village is a window that has seen the tremendous changes that have taken place in China under the guidance of Xi Jinping’s thoughts on ecological civilization.

This is a major change in the outlook on development, guiding us to firmly embark on the path of ecological civilization and practical actions to build a beautiful China.

  Cixian County, Hebei Province, which was once prospered by coal, responded to the national policy arrangements such as reducing production capacity and delineating ecological red lines, determined to shut down many coal mines, relying on unique ecological resources, vigorously develop a "beautiful economy", and create an ecological priority and green development. New way.

  The beauty of ecology promotes changes in development.

In 2020, Cixian will receive more than 7 million tourists throughout the year, an increase of 18%, and the total revenue of the tourism industry will increase by 19.4%.

  Shenzhen, a special economic zone, coordinated the promotion of the treatment of heavily polluted rivers represented by the Maozhou River and Shenzhen River, and used this as a traction to drive the overall improvement of the surrounding environment and achieve the elimination of black and odorous water bodies in the city.

  Huang Yaotang, a 70-year-old resident, recalled that the former Maozhou River was "blacker than ink and thicker than oil."

Since 2016, Shenzhen has used embroidery kungfu to promote rain and sewage diversion and source treatment. Residents have discovered that "the Maozhou River has become clear and beautiful, and there are also egrets flying by from time to time."

Nowadays, the local area bid farewell to scattered pollution, embraced high-tech, and built a number of environmental protection technology innovation industrial parks.

  Mountains, rivers, forests, fields, lakes, grasses and sand are a community of life.

Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, as the construction of ecological civilization has advanced, the shortcomings of the ecological environment are being filled, and the ice of the institutions and systems that hinder green development is melting, drawing a beautiful picture of the harmonious coexistence of man and nature. .

  A series of major ecological projects such as the Three-North Shelterbelt, natural forest protection, and returning farmland to forest and grassland have been further advanced.

During the "13th Five-Year Plan" period, my country's forest coverage rate has increased to 23.04%, and the forest stock volume has exceeded 17.5 billion cubic meters. It has maintained "double growth" for 30 consecutive years and has become the country with the largest increase in forest resources.

  The establishment of a natural reserve system with national parks as the main body has been accelerated. The pilot work of the national park system has achieved initial results in straightening out the management system and strengthening ecological protection and restoration.

  The river chief system and the lake chief system have been established in an all-round way. Each river and lake has its own guardian, and a large number of non-governmental river chiefs and lake chiefs are actively taking up posts.

  In January this year, the General Office of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the General Office of the State Council announced the "Opinions on the Full Implementation of the Forest Head System", proposing to ensure that the forest head system will be fully established by June 2022, which means that all forests and grasslands in my country will have exclusive rights. protector.

  More and more rare and endangered wild animals and plants are better protected: Crested ibis has recovered from 7 at the time of discovery to more than 5,000; Tibetan antelope has recovered from tens of thousands to more than 300,000 at present; the Yangtze River’s flagship species, the Yangtze finless porpoise, is now "Come back home"……

  In the mind of the general secretary, two rivers are particularly important.

  One is the Yangtze River-"together with major protection, not to engage in major development", which has sounded the alarm for the rapid development of the provinces and cities along the Yangtze River.

Since then, General Secretary Xi Jinping has inspected the Yangtze River many times and proposed that the Yangtze River Economic Belt should embark on a new path of ecological priority and green development.

  One is the Yellow River-from August 2019 to June 2020, General Secretary Xi Jinping visited the Yellow River 4 times.

In September 2019, General Secretary Xi Jinping presided over a symposium on ecological protection and high-quality development in the Yellow River Basin, which elevated the ecological protection and high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin to a major national strategy.

  Nowadays, the disease of the Yangtze River is gradually disappearing, the finless porpoise appears frequently, and the fish is shallow.

The provinces along the Yellow River have also made great strides towards higher-quality development.

  Voluntary tree planting by the whole people is in full swing. Wildlife conservation volunteers are active in the countryside and forests, and the classification of domestic garbage has become a new trend... The north and the south, people are watering and nurturing a common green home with sweat.

A new chapter in the painting-laying a solid foundation for the ecological environment to start a new journey of building a socialist modern country in an all-round way

  Water birds sing in the wind, lush reeds and willow shrubs... Hulun Lake, which was once shrinking, has expanded its water area year by year and the wetland ecology has gradually recovered with the implementation of a series of restoration and treatment projects in recent years.

  Hou Yuguang, a herdsman who is over fifty years old, has lived near Hulun Lake since he was a child.

He witnessed the shrinkage and recovery of the lake.

  "When I was young, my family's cattle and sheep often went to the lake to drink water. Later, the environment deteriorated, and there was almost no grass around the lake, and the birds were gone." Hou Yuguang told reporters that now the ecology is better, the sand is out of sight, and the birds and fish are back. Up.

  Living among the green mountains and clear waters is the common wish of all people.

  Through unremitting efforts, the quality of my country's ecological environment has continued to improve.

At the same time, we must clearly see that my country’s ecological civilization construction is full of challenges, pressures, and contradictions. There are still many difficulties to overcome, hard bones to gnaw, and stubborn diseases to be cured. The situation is still very serious.

  "The restoration and improvement of the ecological environment is a process that requires long-term hard work. It cannot be accomplished overnight. It must be persistent and vigorous." General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized during the 29th collective study session of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee.

  Entering a new stage of development, in-depth implementation of the new development concept, speeding up the construction of a new development pattern, and putting forward new requirements for strengthening the construction of ecological civilization and accelerating the promotion of green and low-carbon development.

  —— To "realize new progress in the construction of ecological civilization" as one of the main goals of economic and social development during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period;

  —— To "extensively form a green production and lifestyle, carbon emissions will stabilize and decline after peaking, the ecological environment will fundamentally improve, and the goal of building a beautiful China will be basically achieved" as one of the long-term goals of basically achieving socialist modernization by 2035;

  —— In the "14th Five-Year Plan" outline, a special chapter is set up to make specific arrangements and arrangements for "promoting green development and promoting the harmonious coexistence of man and nature", clearly requiring the implementation of a sustainable development strategy, and promoting a comprehensive green transformation of economic and social development, and construction Beautiful China.

  The blueprint has been drawn, and the struggle is brilliant.

  To embark on a new journey of building a modern socialist country in an all-round way, to promote high-quality development, and to create a high-quality life, my country's ecological and environmental protection needs to make more arduous efforts.

  During the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, my country's ecological civilization construction has entered a critical period of focusing on carbon reduction, promoting synergy in reducing pollution and carbon, promoting a comprehensive green transformation of economic and social development, and realizing the improvement of ecological environment quality from quantitative to qualitative.

  "Achieving carbon peaking and carbon neutrality is a broad and profound economic and social systemic change. We must incorporate carbon peaking and carbon neutrality into the overall layout of ecological civilization construction, and show the strength to grasp the iron, and achieve 2030 as scheduled. The goal of carbon peak before 2060 and carbon neutrality before 2060.” On March 15 this year, General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized when he presided over the ninth meeting of the Central Finance and Economics Committee.

  ——Accelerate the green transformation of development mode, adhere to ecological priority and green development, strictly control the construction of high-energy-consuming and high-emission projects, intensify the adjustment of cargo transportation structure, promote green and low-carbon development in the construction field, and expand energy-saving and environmental protection industries.

  ——Coordinated efforts to reduce pollution and carbon emissions, focusing on improving the quality of the ecological environment, and in-depth fight for pollution prevention and control.

  -Actively promote the response to climate change, and promote the formulation of an action plan for peaking carbon emissions by 2030.

  ——Improve green and low-carbon policies and market systems, and strengthen legal and policy guarantees for green development.

  —— Extensively cultivate a green and low-carbon lifestyle, raise the awareness of green and low-carbon in the whole society, and force a green transformation of production methods and supply through a green revolution in lifestyle.

  "We will take the overall green transformation of economic and social development as our guide, focus on pollution reduction and carbon reduction, and accelerate the formation of an industrial structure, production method, lifestyle, and spatial pattern that conserves resources and protects the environment, and will unswervingly prioritize ecology. A green, low-carbon, high-quality development path.” said Huang Runqiu, Minister of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment.

  A good start and a good start in the first year are vital to the construction of a beautiful China.

  On May 21 this year, General Secretary Xi Jinping presided over the nineteenth meeting of the Central Committee for Comprehensively Deepening Reform, which reviewed and approved the "Opinions on Deepening the Reform of the Ecological Protection Compensation System."

  The meeting pointed out that it is necessary to accelerate the promotion of green and low-carbon development, promote the overall green transformation of economic and social development, improve the classification compensation system, strengthen the coordination of compensation policies, coordinate compensation funds from various channels, implement comprehensive compensation, and promote the overall protection of the ecological environment. .

  New missions give new missions, and new journeys show new accomplishments.

  Thoroughly implement Xi Jinping’s thoughts on ecological civilization, fully implement the decisions and deployments of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, and be down-to-earth and face difficulties. We will certainly be able to promote high-quality economic development with high-level protection of the ecological environment, and shine the light of ecological civilization on the road ahead and promote China The nation achieves sustainable development.

(Participating reporter: Zhang Yizhi)

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