Chinanews.com, May 18th. The State Council Information Office held the first national comprehensive risk survey of natural disasters on the 18th. Zheng Guoguang, Secretary-General of the National Disaster Reduction Commission and Director of the Office of the First National Natural Disaster Comprehensive Risk Survey Leading Group Office of the State Council, introduced , The first national comprehensive risk survey of natural disasters will be carried out from 2020 to 2022. The main goals are: first, to find out the base of natural disaster risk; second, to grasp the law of natural disaster risk; third, to build a technical support system for natural disaster risk prevention and control.

  Zheng Guoguang pointed out that the State Council has decided to launch the first national comprehensive risk survey of natural disasters from 2020 to 2022. The main goals are:

  First, we must find out the base of natural disaster risk.

Comprehensive access to the national earthquake disasters, geological disasters, meteorological disasters, floods and droughts, marine disasters, forest and grassland fires and other six categories of disaster-causing information, as well as population, economy, housing, infrastructure, public service systems, three industries, etc. Important disaster-bearing body information, master historical disaster information, and ascertain regional comprehensive disaster reduction capabilities.

  Second, we must grasp the law of natural disaster risk.

Objectively understand the current disaster risk level, disaster-bearing body vulnerability level, disaster comprehensive risk level, comprehensive disaster reduction capacity and regional multi-hazard characteristics in the country and various regions, and propose the national comprehensive prevention and control of natural disasters and prevention and control recommendations.

  Third, we must build a technical support system for natural disaster risk prevention and control.

Establish a national comprehensive risk survey and evaluation index system for natural disasters, form a national natural disaster comprehensive risk basic database by region and type, improve technical method systems such as risk assessment and disaster prevention and control zoning, and form a comprehensive natural disaster risk census work system that adapts to my country's national conditions system.

The results of the census will provide basic scientific and technological support for my country's emergency response to natural disasters (including emergency command, rescue coordination, plan management, monitoring and early warning, material deployment, disaster assessment, etc.), comprehensive natural disaster prevention and control, comprehensive disaster risk prevention, natural disaster insurance, etc. It will also provide an important scientific basis for the scientific layout and functional zoning of the sustainable economic and social development of our country, as well as the prevention and resolution of major disaster risks, and better guarantee the safety of people’s lives and property and national security.

  Zheng Guoguang said that this census is a major survey of national conditions and strength, which is manifested in the following four aspects: First, it covers a wide range of disasters, disaster-bearing bodies, disaster mitigation capabilities, hidden dangers, prevention, etc.

The second is that there are many participating departments. There are 17 departments at the national level, and all provinces, cities, and counties across the country participate in the census.

The third is that the requirements for overall planning are high. There are many links such as horizontal department coordination, vertical coordination between top and bottom, management and technology coordination, and investigation and evaluation zoning coordination, and the workload is heavy.

Fourth, the technology is difficult and requires a unified technical system, technical specifications, and software system platform.

Therefore, the focus of this census is "coordination", and the difficulties are also "coordination."

  Zheng Guoguang introduced that through the joint efforts of all parties, positive progress has been made in the census:

  First, all localities and departments have strengthened organization and leadership and formed a census work system.

All provinces, cities, and counties across the country have established a census leadership group led by government leaders, set up a census office, a full-time management team, and a technical team, compiled a census implementation plan and work system, organized technical training, and carried out census pilots, etc. .

Relevant departments at the central level have also set up special organization and management institutions and technical teams to strengthen the organization and implementation and local training and technical guidance.

  The second is to complete the formulation and revision of technical specifications for the census, forming a technical system for the census.

The Census Office of the State Council organized various relevant departments to formulate 48 technical specifications for surveys, 45 technical specifications for evaluation and zoning, and developed a "1+10" census software system. "1" is the State Council Census Office, and "10" is for participating in the census. 10 industry departments have developed census software, realized census software system network interconnection and unified portal login, formed a sub-industry and comprehensive census data quality inspection system, and determined 89 data sharing lists and 240 indicators for thousands of indicators. List of remaining census assessment and zoning results.

The pilot "General War" and the national pilot verification have improved the implementation plan and technical specifications of the census.

  The third is to explore and form a census organization implementation model and census team.

Local census offices and major industry departments implement full-time personnel, form "industry departments + comprehensive departments + third parties" technical team, adopt centralized office and other forms to strengthen the construction of census personnel, give full play to the role of grassroots organizations, and form a census organization suitable for local characteristics Implement the model, carry out various forms of census publicity activities, and create a good social atmosphere.

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