Even the WeChat emoji have quit smoking, are you still poisoning the cardiovascular system?

  Not long ago, the topic of "WeChat New Emoji Quit Smoking" appeared on Weibo hot search. It turned out that the cigarette in the mouth of the villain with the green helmet was gone, and only a crooked smile was left.

According to statistics, 33.5% of deaths caused by smoking are cardiovascular deaths.

So what are the hazards of smoking to the cardiovascular system?

What will happen to our cardiovascular system if we don't quit smoking?

Wang Lizhong, director of the Heart Rehabilitation Center of Beijing Rehabilitation Hospital, Capital Medical University, will answer your questions.

  Smoking makes blood vessels stiff. There are two main harmful ingredients in cigarettes, one is nicotine and the other is tar.

Among them, nicotine is highly addictive, and it is also the main hazardous substance in tobacco.

The tar in tobacco contains a lot of carcinogens, which can also cause many diseases.

  Most people know that smoking can make their lungs darker. However, few people notice their blood vessels, and they also harden and become stiff day by day with the tireless efforts of tobacco.

As early as 1983, the medical profession clearly defined the relationship between smoking and cardiovascular disease.

The hazards of smoking to the cardiovascular system are as follows: First, smoking leads to an increase in the secretion of adrenaline and norepinephrine, which can speed up the heartbeat and increase blood pressure; second, as the saying goes, "people live the same life as arteries." Smoking causes atherosclerosis in the arteries of the heart, brain, kidneys and other body organs; thirdly, smoking can also induce sudden death.

The main cause of sudden death in patients with coronary heart disease due to smoking is that a certain substance in tobacco triggers ventricular fibrillation; fourth, smoking causes cerebrovascular sclerosis, damages brain cells, impairs memory and mental disorders.

  If myocardial infarction comes to the door 10 years in advance, what will happen to the cardiovascular system if I don’t quit smoking all the time?

Experts have confirmed that smoking can advance the time of first myocardial infarction by 10 years, increase the risk of acute myocardial infarction by 7 times, increase the risk of thrombosis after coronary stent implantation (PCI) by 1.5 times, and increase the relative risk of postoperative death. 1.76 times, the relative risk of myocardial infarction increased by 2.08 times, and the relative risk of sudden death increased by more than 3 times.

  Smoking cessation can reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease and death, and its effect on reducing the risk of coronary heart disease is greater than any drug, such as aspirin, statins, beta blockers and other interventions.

In particular, smoking cessation can reduce the relative risk of cardiovascular death after coronary intervention by 44%, the relative risk of cardiovascular death after coronary artery bypass graft surgery by 75%, the absolute risk of cardiac arrest by 8%, and rehospitalization or rehospitalization due to heart failure The risk of death is reduced by 40%.

Therefore, all patients with cardiovascular disease need to quit smoking in order to improve the incidence of cardiovascular disease and improve the prognosis.

  You need to do these six steps to successfully quit smoking. How can you overcome the "devil" and successfully quit smoking?

We can try to follow the following six steps.

  Preparation stage: Fully understand the dangers of tobacco and increase the determination to quit smoking.

Try not to stay with people who are still smoking on the day you quit smoking.

Take a walk before going to bed, take a deep breath, and go to bed earlier than usual.

Take deep, rhythmic breathing when you want to smoke.

  Start to quit smoking: The first thing you do when you wake up, tell yourself "I chose not to smoke today."

Drink a large glass of water and take a bath before breakfast. Wipe your skin with a wet towel to increase blood circulation and keep your mind clear.

Don't sit at the dinner table after each meal, look for something you can do.

  Relieve physical symptoms: For addicts without smoking for a few days, it will cause headache, dry mouth, cough, tingling, anxiety or depression, diarrhea or constipation.

At the same time, appropriate exercises should be carried out. You can choose to walk or ride a bicycle to relax yourself and increase energy consumption.

  Dealing with "nicotine": "Nicotine" addiction is the main reason why heavy smokers have difficulty in quitting. It can be diluted with beverages and tea, and you can choose chrysanthemum tea or jasmine tea.

When you really want to smoke, take a deep breath in time.

  Prevent relapse: The most important thing is to be proud of your choice to quit smoking, and to consciously stay away from smokers.

Don't pay attention to too many troubles in life during the period of quitting smoking.

At the same time, enrich your leisure life, such as watching movies, sports, etc.

  Deal with withdrawal symptoms promptly: Use tobacco substitutes to relieve stress.

Secondly, weight gain after quitting smoking is an important reason for the failure of smoking cessation. Therefore, it is necessary to control diet, increase the amount of exercise, and try to avoid replacing the craving for tobacco with food.

  Text/Zhang Liu (Beijing Rehabilitation Hospital)