Berlin (dpa) - Electric cars are distributed very differently in Germany.
You rarely come across them on the streets of East Germany; they are most widespread in southern Germany, according to figures from the Federal Motor Transport Authority.
For every 1000 inhabitants in Baden-Württemberg there are 9.6 cars with pure battery drives or plug-in hybrids, in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and Saxony-Anhalt there are only 3.1.
All eastern German federal states are well below the national average of 7.1, as a calculation by the German Press Agency showed.
Car expert Stefan Bratzel sees several reasons why e-cars sell differently from region to region: large car locations, the charging station network and the purchasing power of the local people.
“Employee vehicles and permits for employees play an important role,” said the head of the Center of Automotive Management in Bergisch-Gladbach.
An important way for the corporations to bring new vehicle models onto the market is via their own employees.
In addition, there would be car-sharing fleets of the car manufacturers.
According to the official figures as of January 1, the highest e-car density is therefore in federal states in which car manufacturers are based: Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria, Lower Saxony and Hesse.
In the east, electric car drivers can also continue to the nearest charging point.
For each square kilometer, around one charging location is registered with the Federal Network Agency in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania; in North Rhine-Westphalia there are around ten times as many.
"It depends a lot on the charging infrastructure and on garages and parking spaces," said Bratzel.
Disposable income also plays a role.
"Bavaria and Baden-Württemberg are rich countries and are therefore more likely to be involved in new technologies."
In addition, until recently, pure electric cars were more likely to be purchased as a second car.
There are more cars per household in more affluent regions.
In the meantime, e-cars are hardly more expensive than combustion engines thanks to the funding, said Bratzel.
Buyers also benefit from lower maintenance costs for electric vehicles.
The federal government and manufacturers grant premiums of up to 9,000 euros when purchasing an electric car.
For vehicles that combine an electric motor that can be charged at the socket with a combustion engine (plug-in hybrid), it is up to 6750 euros.
Hybrids without plugs that charge their batteries themselves while driving are exempt from the subsidy.
At the turn of the year there were around 590,000 battery-electric or plug-in hybrid cars nationwide, which was a good one percent of the total.
The purchase bonuses allow the market share to grow.
In 2020, every seventh newly registered car fell into one of the two segments.
In April, more e-cars than diesel were newly registered.
"This year, we will be in the order of 20 percent for battery-electric cars and plug-in hybrids," said Bratzel, describing the trend in new registrations.
© dpa-infocom, dpa: 210509-99-525646 / 2
Inventory statistics for the Federal Motor Transport Authority (FZ27.2)
List of charging stations at the Federal Network Agency