Mother's Day is approaching, giving mothers a guide to "avoid the pit" for raising a baby

  Refute rumors

  This Sunday, May 9, is the annual Mother's Day.

To be a competent mother requires not only love and patience, but also reason and science.

Nowadays, the "knowledge" and "skills" about parenting on the Internet can be described as diverse, dazzling and difficult to distinguish true from false.

  On the occasion of Mother's Day approaching, the Life Edition presents a guide to "avoid pits" in parenting, to clear the traps on the way to raising a baby for mothers.

  If you want breast milk to be good, mother should drink more broth?

Truth: The high fat content of the broth may cause diarrhea in babies

  After giving birth, novice mothers may have drunk trotter soup, rib soup and other milk-stimulating soups.

The idea of ​​"drinking soup and milk" has a long history. Numerous novice mothers drink pigeon soup, old hen soup and other high-fat broths every day to promote lactation. Many professional "promoters" preach that "there is no milk, just because there is no meat soup".

  "Drinking soup in moderation can promote milk secretion, but you can't drink too much." Sun Baolin, head nurse of the obstetrics department of the Affiliated Hospital of Qinghai University, said in an interview with a reporter from Science and Technology Daily that the broth is high in fat, and excessive intake of broth is not only It will make the maternal fat, and the excessive fat in the milk will also cause the baby to have dietary diarrhea.

  Sun Baolin explained to reporters that when breastfeeding, what mothers really need to supplement is calcium. They can eat more calcium-rich foods such as milk and soy products.

"Women need more calcium after delivery than during pregnancy. If you don't pay attention to timely supplementation, it will easily lead to osteoporosis. In addition, breastfeeding mothers also need to eat more vegetables and fruits, which can not only avoid constipation, bleeding gums, etc. The problem, it can also increase the content of vitamins in the milk, which is good for the growth and development of the baby." She said.

  "Drinking broth does not play a decisive role in the amount of lactation. To have sufficient lactation, we must do the following two things. First, mothers must build confidence and believe that they can produce enough milk. Second, mothers must guide their babies to suck frequently and effectively. , The baby’s nipple sucking stimulation can be reflected to the mother’s brain, thereby promoting the production of important hormones related to milk secretion and excretion.” Sun Baolin added.

  Is it easier to sleep with a baby while shaking?

The truth: violent shaking can damage the baby's brain

  Picking up the baby, shaking it from side to side, slap as you sway, and come with two nice nursery rhymes. This seems to be the "signature action" of novice mothers, but is it really right?

  In this regard, Sun Baolin said that many parents habitually shake their babies back and forth when they sleep with their babies, but this may not be scientific.

If the baby can't sleep or crying, hold the baby and shake it gently to soothe and help sleep, but it shouldn't be too long.

Long-term and large-scale shaking will cause discomfort to the baby's body, because the baby's neck muscles and ligaments have not matured and are relatively soft. Doing so may cause baby's neck injury and temporary brain bleeding.

  "Never shake the baby a lot." Wu Xiuping, chief physician of the Department of Pediatrics at the Affiliated Hospital of Qinghai University, told a reporter from Science and Technology Daily. "The weight of the head of infants and young children is relatively high in the whole body. The base of their skulls is relatively flat, and the brain is not easy to fix. Shaking can cause brain damage in infants. In mild cases, lethargy, loss of appetite, and irritability may occur; in severe cases, symptoms such as convulsions and unconsciousness may occur."

  The baby's deciduous teeth will change, don't care if it's decayed

Truth: Tooth decay affects baby's health and appearance

  "The deciduous teeth have to be replaced sooner or later, don’t care if they are decayed." Affected by this sentence, many babies have decayed deciduous teeth. Parents disagree, thinking that the deciduous teeth will be replaced sooner or later, and it doesn’t matter whether they are filled or not.

But is this really the case?

  "This kind of thinking is wrong. Tooth decay not only affects the health of the baby, but also affects the appearance." Wu Xiuping said that most cases of deciduous deciduous teeth of a child need to be repaired. Except for the approaching period of primary and permanent teeth, the deciduous teeth can be considered directly. In addition to waiting for the permanent teeth to erupt, the rest of the time should be repaired as soon as possible as long as the tooth is found.

  Wu Xiuping introduced that although deciduous teeth will be replaced by permanent teeth, the replacement can only be completed between the ages of 6 and 12. Prior to this, decayed deciduous teeth could not heal itself, but would only get worse and eventually lead to pulpitis. Or periapical abscess.

When pulpitis occurs, the teeth will be painful; if there is an abscess around the apex of the tooth, the face will also be swollen, and the abscess may spread to the permanent tooth germ.

  "In addition, deciduous teeth can help children chew food, grind food, and also promote jaw development. Therefore, if a deciduous tooth is decayed, it should be filled in time to avoid malalignment or imperfect jaw development." Wu Xiuping Emphasize.

  Use antipyretic stickers to cool down quickly?

Truth: Only local temperature can be reduced

  Many families with children will have "cooling artifacts" in their medicine boxes-antipyretic stickers.

What mothers fear most when the child has a high fever is that the child will burn his brain.

As a result, as long as the child has a fever, many mothers will put anti-fever stickers on the child.

Can this approach be scientific?

  Most antipyretic patches sold on the market now have the main ingredient of cataplasm (gel ointment).

During use, the moisture contained in the antipyretic plaster is evaporated and vaporized by the heat of the skin, thereby taking away the heat from the body surface and lowering the body temperature.

  "Fever-relieving paste treats the symptoms but not the root cause." Huang Zhiheng, deputy chief physician of the Pediatric Hospital of Fudan University (National Children's Medical Center), believes that the moisture contained in the antipyretic paste gel can take away the heat when it vaporizes. It can be combined with a cold towel or The effect of the ice pack compress is almost the same. It can only lower the temperature of the local skin and bring temporary comfort to the baby, but it does not have much effect on lowering the body temperature.

  "In addition, some children will have allergic symptoms due to contact with the gel, manifested as skin itching, redness, and rash." Huang Zhiheng said.

  In this regard, Wu Xiuping said that when infants and young children have a fever, parents put antipyretic stickers on their children's foreheads, which can reduce the local temperature of the brain and relieve physical discomfort at the same time.

"This method is generally suitable for mild fever. If it is a high fever and the body temperature is greater than 38.5 degrees Celsius, the child should take oral antipyretics, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen, instead of just using antipyretic patches, because at this time The antipyretic effect of heat paste is negligible. In addition, parents need to closely monitor the body temperature of the child. If there is a persistent high fever, they should seek medical treatment in time to avoid delaying the condition." She said.

  Are you late in speaking and smart in speaking late?

Truth: Speaking too late or delayed in language development

  "Aristocratic language is late" is a saying in our country since ancient times. It comes from the "Analects of Confucius": "Aristocratic language is late, sensitive to deeds but not indecisive to words, Taishan collapsed in the past but color unchanged, elk thrives on the left but does not look at it. instant.

The original meaning of this word refers to many strategic people who are not good at talking but know well and act quickly.

However, after this old saying was spread among the people, it was gradually misunderstood as: children who speak late will be wealthy in the future.

Is this statement reliable?

  In this regard, Wu Xiuping gave a negative answer.

"When a child's language development is significantly behind that of his peers, it can be judged as language development retardation," she said.

  Wu Xiuping introduced that children have language development delays. Without intervention, they will generally develop into two states. Some children's language skills gradually catch up, and they will become as normal as older adults at the age of 3 or 4, but There may be some problems in learning when entering elementary school.

Another part of the children will show more problems, their language still does not reach the normal level when they are 3 or 4 years old. After the children enter the collective environment, the original language problems will be further extended to learning and behavior.

"For example, when going to kindergarten, children with language development delay will show inattention, do not listen to instructions, do not gregarious, and it is difficult to participate in group activities in the class. In the future, these children will not fully understand the teaching content and have difficulty reading Wait for the question," she said.

  In addition, Wu Xiuping also said frankly that in a normal language environment, children do not speak when they reach a certain age. There may be problems with hearing, intelligence, sound organs or psychology. Parents need early detection and early intervention. Let the thought of "noble speech late" delay the child.