Ahmed Al-Mufti, an international expert in water resources and a former member of the Sudanese delegation in the negotiations of the Renaissance Dam, it is important to withdraw from the Declaration of Principles signed in 2015 before heading to the Security Council to withdraw the legitimacy of the construction of the Ethiopian dam.
Commenting on the failure of the Kinshasa negotiations, the Mufti said in an interview with Al-Jazeera Mubasher, “The only benefit from the Kinshasa meetings is that they have demonstrated that conducting negotiations without obligating Ethiopia to stop its activities in the Renaissance Dam until the completion of negotiations and a binding agreement is reached. It has been in vain since it began in 2011, and Ethiopia has asserted that international mediation was useless. ”
He added, "Ethiopia preempted the Kinshasa meetings by replacing the talk about starting the filling and operating the dam to generate electricity, and the talk became about a share of water that it would sell to whomever you see, even from outside the basin."
After the repeated failure of the Renaissance Dam negotiations .. Was the Mufti’s prophecy true? # Egypt # Sudan # Ethiopia pic.twitter.com/ww8hcDtxvA
- Al Jazeera Mubasher (@ajmubasher) April 6, 2021
"This share will be a deduction from Egypt's share and Sudan's share," he said.
Billions of cubic meters of water will be deducted, and this is not possible in Egypt or Sudan, and now we have reached the stage of no return.
"The only feasible solution is for Ethiopia to commit itself to stopping activities and then enter into negotiations or raise the matter to the UN Security Council, and the two options presented have no third but confrontation, which is not desirable because it does not serve the interest of any of the countries," he said.
Ethiopia won all of the rounds
He added, "Ethiopia was able to win all rounds of negotiations, including the Kinshasa round, because it did everything it saw by its own will, whether building 91% of the dam, or the first filling and now the second filling."
He added, "One country monopolizes everything, and it must face reality. It either obligates Ethiopia to intervene in negotiations on the condition that activities cease or resort to the Security Council, but it is important to withdraw from the Declaration of Principles signed in 2015 before going to the Security Council because Ethiopia is the one that initiated and violated the Declaration of Principles." “.
He added, "Article 5 of the declaration stipulates that the first filling shall only be completed by agreement between the three countries on the guidelines and rules of filling."
He continued, "This is a clear text that Ethiopia has violated and filled with its own will, and this gives the right to both parties to withdraw their signature to tell the Security Council that the legitimacy of the Renaissance Dam was withdrawn by withdrawing the signature of the Principles Agreement."
There is no place for quotas
In response to a question who bears responsibility for the failure of the round of negotiations in Kinshasa, the former Sudanese Minister of Irrigation, Othman Al-Tom said, "The one who bears the responsibility is the three countries together because the current situation in each of the three countries does not help to reach an agreement."
Who bears the responsibility for the failure of the Kinshasa negotiations over the Renaissance Dam? # Evening # Egypt # Sudan # Ethiopia pic.twitter.com/NElWhaCUMk
- Al Jazeera Mubasher (@ajmubasher) April 6, 2021
Al-Tom added, "International thought has shifted from the issue of quotas in water to the exchange of benefits. Whatever share you get, one day you will not be satisfied with it and you say my needs have increased, but when there is an exchange of benefits, you link your interests with the interests of others."
In response to a question: Has the idea of sticking to what defines historical quotas in the two downstream countries become illogical and realistic?
He replied, "Yes, especially that we are talking about the Renaissance Dam because it is an electric dam and it does not consume water. It uses it only. Therefore, there is no place for shares in the Blue Nile, which can only be used in Ethiopia for electrical generation."
He continued, "The thought should be to benefit from the Renaissance Dam in Ethiopia for electrical generation, to benefit from the fertility level in Sudan for agriculture, and to benefit from the Egyptian progress in industry and marketing, and integration means that each party finds an addition in it for them."
A new round of negotiations on the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam that was held in Kinshasa between Sudan, Ethiopia and Egypt on Tuesday failed, and Ethiopia insists on a second filling of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam next July, even if no agreement is reached.
But Cairo and Khartoum adhere to reaching a tripartite agreement that guarantees the continuation of the flow of their annual share of the Nile water, amounting to 55.5 billion cubic meters and 18.5 billion cubic meters, respectively.