China News Service, Beijing, March 22 (Guo Chaokai) Along the Longhai-Lanxin line railway to the west, Kunqu Opera in Jiangsu, Yunjin in Nanjing, flowers in Gansu and other places, Manas in Xinjiang... these people are familiar with it. Intangible cultural heritage, carrying a strong historical atmosphere and retaining distinctive national characteristics, is a condensed "encyclopedia" of Chinese folk culture.
Intangible cultural heritage refers to the various traditional cultural expressions that have been passed down from generation to generation by the people of all ethnic groups and are regarded as part of their cultural heritage, as well as physical objects and places related to traditional cultural expressions.
With the successful application of Taijiquan and Wang Chuan in December 2020, 42 intangible cultural heritage items in China have been included in the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage List (book), ranking first in the world.
Why has China become the country with the most intangible cultural heritage in the world?
This firstly benefits from the long history and good inheritance of traditional culture.
Whether it is the guqin art with a history of more than 3,000 years, or the Dragon Boat Festival culture that began in the Spring and Autumn and Warring States period more than 2,000 years ago, or the twenty-four solar terms, calligraphy, seal cutting, etc., these intangible cultural heritages have gone through a long period of time and are still rooted in society. , Enduring.
Secondly, China's 56 ethnic groups have created many intangible cultural heritages that benefit future generations through their exchanges, leaving a precious spiritual wealth for all mankind.
In addition to the Han intangible cultural heritage projects, 15 ethnic cultural arts such as Xinjiang Uyghur Muqam, Dong Dage, Mongolian Changdiao Folk Song, Hezhe Imakan, etc. have been included in the World Intangible Cultural Heritage List, occupying China’s “Intangible Cultural Heritage” list. "More than 1/3 of the total.
The "intangible cultural heritage" culture passed down from generation to generation by ethnic minorities bears the traces of time and has become an indispensable part of Chinese culture.
In fact, China has always paid attention to the protection of cultural heritage.
Since joining the "Convention for the Protection of Intangible Cultural Heritage" in 2004, the Chinese government has continuously increased its efforts to discover and protect intangible cultural heritage, and has designated the second Saturday in June each year as "Cultural and Natural Heritage Day".
From rescue and protection to the establishment of rules and regulations, in the past 10 years of "intangible cultural heritage" protection practices, many "Chinese experiences" have been recognized by the international community.
In June 2005, China launched the first national survey of intangible cultural heritage.
In June 2009, the former Ministry of Culture announced nearly 870,000 items of China's intangible cultural heritage resources.
According to incomplete statistics, in five years, 760,000 person-times participated in this "family-finding" work, invested 370 million yuan, visited 860,000 folk artists, and collected more than 260,000 precious objects and materials...
From the perspective of the outside world, China's outstanding achievements in the field of "intangible cultural heritage" are not only inseparable from the superiority of the system of concentrating efforts on major events, but also inseparable from the emphasis on the protection of "intangible cultural heritage".
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core has attached great importance to the excellent traditional Chinese culture and regarded it as an important ideological and cultural resource for governing the country.
In recent years, General Secretary Xi Jinping has been concerned about "intangible cultural heritage" and has repeatedly praised "intangible cultural heritage" projects during local inspections.
As General Secretary Xi Jinping said, "The Chinese civilization has gone through more than 5,000 years of historical changes, but it has always been in the same line. It has accumulated the deepest spiritual pursuits of the Chinese nation and represents the unique spiritual identity of the Chinese nation."
Only by allowing traditional art and "intangible heritage" projects to continue and innovate in contemporary society can Chinese culture show the world's permanent charm and contemporary style.
For the Chinese Communist Party, which is about to celebrate its centenary, attaching importance to the protection of intangible cultural heritage can not only open a window for people from all over the world to understand Chinese culture, but also provide rich cultural nourishment for building and strengthening the party.