China News Service, March 8th. Hu Zucai, deputy director of the National Development and Reform Commission, said on the 8th that my country is expected to enter a moderately aging stage during the 14th Five-Year Plan. The Draft Outline of the 14th Five-Year Plan will respond positively to social concerns. Coping with the aging of the population has become a national strategy.
The State Council Information Office held a press conference on the 8th to thoroughly implement the new development concept to ensure a good start in the "14th Five-Year Plan".
At the meeting, some reporters asked questions: topics such as education, medical care, elderly care, and childcare are closely related to the lives of ordinary people, and they are also topics that everyone pays more attention to.
Can you tell us whether there are any new and anticipated measures in the "Draft Outline" of this year's "14th Five-Year Plan" to solve the worries and worries of the people?
Hu Zucai said that the five-year plan is both a "state affair" and a "family affair."
The "Draft Outline" implements the people-centered development thought throughout, and meets the people's ever-increasing needs for a better life as the fundamental goal, focuses on the all-round development of people and improves people's livelihood and welfare, and highlights the inclusive, basic, and comprehensive people's livelihood construction , Focused on advancing the equalization of basic public services, and put forward a series of development target indicators and policy measures to make development results more and more equitable to benefit all people, and to achieve a higher quality and higher level of child education, learning and teaching. There is income for labor, medical treatment for sickness, support for the elderly, shelter for housing, and support for the weak.
Hu Zucai introduced that in terms of the main indicators, the people's livelihood and well-being have the largest number of indicators.
Seven of the 20 main indicators in the "Draft Outline" are related to people's livelihood and welfare, accounting for more than one-third, which is the highest in any five-year plan.
These indicators cover employment, income, education, medical care, old-age care, nursery care and other livelihood fields, which fully demonstrates that the improvement of people's livelihood and welfare is placed in a more prominent and important position.
In terms of employment and income, it is mainly to promote fuller and more quality employment and continuously increase residents’ income.
Employment is the foundation of people's livelihood, and income is the source of people's livelihood.
Implement the employment priority strategy, put the promotion of employment at the top of economic and social development, expand the employment capacity, improve the employment support system for key groups such as college graduates, migrant workers, and veterans, and help the disabled and zero-employment family members to find employment. , The urban surveyed unemployment rate is controlled within 5.5%.
Improve the lifelong skills training system, continue to carry out large-scale vocational skills training, and alleviate structural employment contradictions.
Efforts should be made to increase the income of low-income groups and expand middle-income groups; residents' income growth and economic growth must be basically synchronized, improve the reasonable wage growth mechanism, increase the proportion of labor remuneration in the primary distribution, improve the innovative factor participation distribution mechanism, and increase property through multiple channels income.
In terms of education, the main thing is to build a high-quality education system.
Persist in giving priority to the development of education, and develop more equitable and higher-quality education.
Continue to improve the conditions for running schools in counties with weak educational foundations, population inflows, and rural areas, build, renovate, and expand more than 4,000 primary and secondary schools to promote the high-quality and balanced development of compulsory education and the integration of urban and rural areas; accelerate the completion of pre-school education shortcomings, build, renovate, and expand 20,000 For kindergartens, increase the number of inclusive kindergarten degrees by more than 4 million, and strive to solve the problems of “difficulty in entering kindergartens” and “expensiveness in entering kindergartens”. The gross enrollment rate of pre-school education has increased to more than 90%; The gross enrollment rate has increased to more than 92%.
Implement the modern vocational and technical education quality improvement plan, build a number of high-level vocational and technical colleges, training bases and majors, and cultivate a large number of "big country craftsmen."
Classify the construction of first-class universities and first-class disciplines, promote the transformation of some ordinary undergraduate colleges and universities to application-oriented, support the construction of 100 mid-western undergraduate colleges, and increase the gross enrollment rate of higher education to 60%.
In terms of medical and health care, it is mainly to comprehensively promote the construction of a healthy China.
Build a strong public health system and improve the ability to respond to public health emergencies.
Improve the medical service system with public medical institutions as the mainstay, support the construction of a number of regional medical centers in provinces with weak medical resources, and improve the primary medical service capabilities with county-level hospitals as the focus.
Improve the quality and scale of the training of medical staff. The number of licensed (assistant) physicians per 1,000 population will be increased to 3.2, and the number of registered nurses will be increased to 3.8.
Improve the universal medical insurance system, promote provincial-level coordination of basic medical insurance, improve the medical insurance and assistance system for major diseases, implement settlement for medical treatment in different places, and actively promote the reform of centralized procurement and use of medicines and consumables to effectively reduce the burden of medical treatment.
In terms of social security, it is mainly about keeping the bottom line, weaving dense nets, and establishing mechanisms.
my country has established the world’s largest social security system. In the 14th Five-Year Plan period, it is necessary to further improve the multi-level social security system, increase the basic pension insurance participation rate to 95%, and achieve national overall planning of basic pension insurance. Unemployment and work-related injury insurance shall be coordinated at the provincial level, and the conditions for participating in flexible employment shall be relaxed, so as to achieve full coverage of the statutory population of social insurance, so as to "insure everything that should be insured."
Gradually raise the basic pension standards for urban and rural residents, and promote the continuation of social security transfers.
At the same time, strengthen social assistance and guarantees for the needy to promote the development of charity.
In terms of elderly care and childcare, the main focus is to improve the "one old and one small" service system.
It is expected that my country will enter a moderate ageing stage during the 14th Five-Year Plan period. The Draft Outline will respond to social concerns and will actively respond to population ageing as a national strategy.
Vigorously develop inclusive elderly care services, build an elderly care service system that is coordinated with home-based community institutions and combines medical care and health care, improve the community home-based elderly care service network, promote the ageing transformation of public facilities, and take multiple measures to expand the supply of beds in elderly care institutions and improve Service capacity and level, the proportion of nursing beds increased to 55%.
Develop an inclusive childcare service system, increase the number of childcares for infants under 3 years old per 1,000 population from the current 1.8 to 4.5, support enterprises, public institutions and social organizations and other social forces to provide inclusive childcare services, and encourage kindergartens Develop integrated nursery and childcare services to improve the quality and level of childcare and education.