China News Service, Xining, March 7 (Sun Rui) March 7-13 is the 14th World Glaucoma Week.
On the 7th, the reporter learned from Xining Aier Eye Hospital that with the increasing use of smart phones, the incidence of glaucoma in Qinghai Province is also getting higher and higher. For this reason, the ophthalmologists of the hospital appealed to the “swipe screen family” to respond. Be wary of glaucoma, and high-risk patients should be checked regularly.
The theme of this year's World Glaucoma Week is "Do not lose sight and worry about life".
Glaucoma is a group of common eye diseases that threaten the optic nerve and visual function. After the disease, the optic nerve is gradually damaged over time. It becomes more difficult for it to transmit information to the brain, and the final result is permanent vision loss.
Glaucoma is the second most common blind eye disease in the world and the number one irreversible blind eye disease.
The onset of glaucoma is hidden and difficult to detect in the early stage. It is called the "thief who steals the light."
Therefore, early detection and timely and regular treatment are effective means to avoid blindness caused by glaucoma.
According to Yang Ling, Dean of Qinghai General Hospital of Aier Ophthalmology Group, the pathogenesis of glaucoma is complicated. There are many types of glaucoma seen clinically, and the clinical manifestations are different. They are roughly divided into primary glaucoma (including angle-closure type and open-angle type). ), secondary glaucoma, congenital glaucoma and mixed glaucoma.
If there is unexplained vision loss, or eye pain, eye swelling and other symptoms, some patients may also have the phenomenon of "rainbow vision", that is, when looking at the lamp at night, a rainbow-like aperture will appear around the lamp, and the above symptoms will appear. It is best to go to a professional eye hospital for detailed examination.
"Glaucoma can occur at any age, especially those with high myopia or farsightedness above 600 degrees, family history of glaucoma, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and those over 40 are high-risk groups and should go to the hospital for glaucoma regularly. In order to eliminate or detect glaucoma early, and treat it early.” Yang Ling said that with the advancement of medicine, glaucoma can be treated.
For this reason, if the correct diagnosis can be made as soon as possible, symptomatic treatment should be carried out in time, and the most reasonable method should be adopted to control intraocular pressure to prevent further damage to the optic nerve.
A patient with the surname Wu, who is in her 30s this year, has a 500-degree myopia due to her passion for chasing dramas. She always has sore nasal roots and blurred eyes. She went to the eye hospital for treatment and was finally diagnosed with glaucoma.
"At that time, the doctor told me that I needed to operate as soon as possible to control the intraocular pressure, otherwise there would be a risk of blindness. Fortunately, I got the diagnosis and treatment in time, otherwise the consequences would be too serious." said the patient surnamed Wu.
Yang Ling said that watching TV for a long time will make the sympathetic nerves become very excited, and the dim light will cause the pupils to dilate, causing the angle of the eyeball to close, the circulation of the aqueous humor is blocked, and the intraocular pressure increases. In addition, if people have risk factors for glaucoma. , It is easy to induce the onset of acute glaucoma. For this reason, it is necessary to protect your eyes, pay attention to rest and sleep, ensure sufficient light and not too long when reading, especially avoid playing with mobile phones, computers and other electronic devices in the dark. (Finish)