(Observation of the two sessions) What is the explanation for the coexistence of "difficulties in recruiting" and "difficulties in employment" of skilled talents?

  China News Service, Beijing, March 7th. Question: What is the explanation for the coexistence of "difficulties in recruiting" and "difficulties in employment" of skilled talents?

  Author Guo Chaokai

  At present, “Made in China” is going abroad more, and vocational technical schools need to train more high-quality skilled talents. At the same time, there are also problems such as cold enrollment in technical schools and difficulty in finding jobs for skilled workers. The coexistence of "difficulties in recruiting" and "difficulties in employment" has aroused concern.

During the National People’s Congress and the National People’s Congress, deputies “prescribed the right medicine” and gave a “problem-solving” method.

Data map: The first National Vocational Skills Competition, car painting contestants are in the competition.

Photo by China News Agency reporter Chen Chuhong

  Representatives of the people’s congress interviewed generally believe that the “difficulties in recruiting” on the one hand are due to the lack of vocational skills. People have long valued general education and underestimated vocational education, resulting in the number of graduates from technical schools that are far from the market demand; on the other hand, the “difficulties in recruiting” There are also situations in which skilled workers fail to meet the employment standards of enterprises, and this is precisely the key reason for the "difficulty in employment".

  In the opinion of the NPC deputies interviewed, to solve the problem of "difficult recruitment", we must first increase the training of skilled personnel.

Among the current population of more than 1.4 billion people in China, there are more than 200 million skilled workers.

In recent years, more and more young people have entered vocational schools, but compared with general education, China's investment in vocational education is still insufficient.

  Miao Zhenlin, a deputy to the National People's Congress and deputy chief engineer of Xiangneng Hualei Optoelectronics Co., Ltd., pointed out that relevant data show that China's investment in secondary and higher vocational education is far from traditional high school and university education.

  "Skilled talent colleges and universities need a lot of training equipment in the process of running schools, and financial support is indispensable." Jiang Tao, representative of the National People's Congress and monitor of the Aerospace Jiangnan non-ferrous metal welding team of China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation, said that the country should focus on solving skills in the future. Talent colleges have problems such as tight funding and backward equipment; in particular, it is necessary to increase support for skilled talent schools in impoverished areas in the western region, so that more poor people can get rich through skills training.

  In addition to the small number of skilled workers, there is also a major reason for the "difficulty in recruitment" phenomenon.

Statistics show that among China's over 200 million skilled workers, only over 50 million are highly skilled personnel.

  Many NPC deputies interviewed believe that China's vocational education itself still has some shortcomings. On the one hand, many higher vocational colleges are restructured or upgraded from ordinary high schools, adult colleges or technical secondary schools. These vocational colleges lack in-depth higher vocational education. Research; on the other hand, many higher vocational colleges have a low level of industry-university integration, lack of school-enterprise cooperation, and the students trained can hardly meet the needs of enterprises.

  This has led to the inability of the majority of skilled workers to meet the needs of employers after graduation, which in turn led to the problem of "difficulties in obtaining employment" for skilled workers.

On how to solve this problem from the supply and demand side, the interviewed representatives of the National People's Congress gave two suggestions.

  First of all, we must cultivate high-quality skilled personnel and emphasize the "craftsman spirit."

Compared with the increase in quantity, the improvement of the quality of skilled personnel is more critical.

Jiang Tao believes that the current skills and literacy of skilled workers, especially the lack of professional literacy centered on rigorous, dedicated, and dedicated "craftsman spirit", directly affects the quality and grade of products, and the cultivation of high-quality skilled personnel is imminent.

  Secondly, we must strengthen the relationship between schools and enterprises, and promote the reform of the supply side of vocational education.

According to Dai Tianfang, a representative of the National People’s Congress and chief technician of China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation, in the future, we must strengthen the in-depth cooperation between employers and vocational technical schools, and guide students to learn accurately and effectively improve their careers in accordance with the actual needs of enterprise production. Skills, until they help them get accurate employment.

  The interviewed representatives emphasized that vocational education is the cradle for cultivating "Chinese craftsmen". They believe that with the continuous advancement of China's vocational education development, the key changes in people's education and career choices will result in more outstanding and highly skilled talents emerging in the future.

The coexistence of "difficulties in recruiting" and "difficulties in employment" is expected to be resolved.