(Observation of the two sessions) How can China "grind a sword in ten years" for key core technology research?

  China News Service, Beijing, March 6th, title: How can China "grind a sword in ten years" for key core technology research?

  Author Guo Chaokai

  Mastering key core technologies is never a matter of days.

The government work report released on the 5th proposes to reduce the unreasonable burden of scientific researchers and achieve major breakthroughs in key core areas with the spirit of "a sword in ten years".

  At the important moment of the new journey of comprehensively building a modern socialist country and the beginning of the "14th Five-Year Plan", how China conducts key and core technological research has attracted attention from all parties.

In the eyes of the outside world, this year's government work report provides three levels of "problem-solving ideas."

Data map: On March 5, the Fourth Session of the Thirteenth National People's Congress opened in the Great Hall of the People in Beijing.

Photo by China News Agency reporter Du Yang

First, to "reveal the list and put in command" to drive the tackling problems.

  The government work report mentioned that the implementation of key and core technology research projects, in-depth plans to promote the "Science and Technology Innovation 2030-Major Projects", reform the implementation of major scientific and technological projects, and promote mechanisms such as "Revealing the List".

  The so-called "revealing the list and taking command" is to "publish the list of key core technical projects that are needed, and the heroes will be unveiled regardless of their provenance, whoever has the ability", regardless of qualifications, thresholds, and ability to select talents.

This time, the "Revealing the List and Taking Command" was written into the draft of the planning outline, reflecting the degree of importance China attaches to key core technologies when planning for the next five years and looking forward to the development pattern of the next 15 years.

  According to Qu Wei, a member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and a researcher of the 11th Research Institute of China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation, the government and enterprises can "open the list" of major key core technology projects to encourage handsome talents to "open the list", make good use of good talents, and make good use of them. .

On the other hand, He Lifeng, the head of the National Development and Reform Commission of China, also made clear in the first "Ministerial Channel" of the National Two Sessions that the key and major research projects that can lead future development will give full play to the new nationwide system and follow the requirements of "exposing the rankings". Push it forward.

Second, let basic research become the "source of water" for scientific and technological innovation.

  Basic research is the source of technological innovation.

Since the "13th Five-Year Plan", China's basic research and applied basic research have been significantly strengthened, with basic research accounting for more than 6% of R&D investment, and a number of major original achievements have been made in quantum information, iron-based superconductivity, and stem cells.

  How to make basic research play a key role?

The government work report gives an idea: the central government’s basic research expenditure will increase by 10.6%, and the policy of expanding the autonomy of the use of funds will be implemented.

Effectively reduce the unreasonable burden of scientific researchers, so that they can settle down and devote themselves to scientific exploration, and achieve major breakthroughs in key core areas with the spirit of "10 years of sharpening a sword".

  Practice has proved that talents are the first resource for scientific development.

It is necessary for scientific researchers to "grind a sword in ten years" and concentrate on basic research. They should not judge heroes based on the "number of papers" and "professional title", but also avoid the risks of "expert vote" and "peer review" and other hidden interest binding risks. , Put the project in the hands of people who really want to take care of, can take care of, and get things done.

Data map: The Long March 5 Yaosi rocket ignited and lifted off at the Wenchang Space Launch Site in China.

Photo by Luo Yunfei

Third, use the "hands of the market" to encourage enterprises to innovate.

  The outside world has noticed that the newly published government work report pointed out that the use of market-based mechanisms to encourage enterprise innovation must strengthen the status of enterprises as the mainstay of innovation and improve the property rights incentive mechanism for scientific and technological achievements.

  In order to enable enterprises to better play their leading role in innovation, the government work report announced a new burden reduction policy: continue to implement the 75% deduction of corporate R&D expenses, increase the percentage of deductions for manufacturing enterprises to 100%, and encourage enterprises with tax incentives Increase investment in research and development.

  Hu Shengyun, representative of the National People’s Congress and chief engineer of the 9th Department of Aerospace Sanjiang, China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation, also gave suggestions on corporate innovation: reward the scientific and technological achievements in proportion to the scientific and technological team in the form of dividends, so that the scientific and technological personnel who have made great contributions Becoming rich will stimulate the innovation vitality of the vast number of scientific and technological personnel, so that they can sit on the "cold bench" and "grind a sword in ten years" to conquer core technologies.

  From "Chang'e" flying to the moon to "Heavenly asking" fire detection, from "Mozi" sending letters to "Falling Dragon" entering the sea, China's scientific and technological innovation during the "13th Five-Year Plan" period has been fruitful.

Looking at China's “big chess game” planning for future development, innovation is a medium-to-high frequency term.

Achieving major breakthroughs in key core areas with the spirit of "Ten Years of Grinding a Sword" is also the meaning of China's scientific and technological innovation issues.