At 9 a.m. on March 5th, the opening meeting of the Fourth Session of the Thirteenth National People's Congress was held in the Great Hall of the People. Premier Li Keqiang made a report on the work of the government.
Li Keqiang introduced the main goals and tasks during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period in the government work report.
The "14th Five-Year Plan" period is the first five years of the new journey of building a modern socialist country in an all-round way.
my country's development is still in a period of important strategic opportunities, but there are new developments and changes in opportunities and challenges.
It is necessary to accurately grasp the new development stage, thoroughly implement the new development concept, accelerate the construction of a new development pattern, promote high-quality development, and make a good start for the comprehensive construction of a modern socialist country.
In accordance with the "Recommendations of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Formulating the Fourteenth Five-Year Plan for National Economic and Social Development and the Long-term Goals for 2035", the State Council has compiled the Fourteenth Five-Year Plan for National Economic and Social Development and the 2035 Long-Term Vision. Outline of Goals (Draft).
The "Draft Outline" adheres to the guidance of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, and quantifies the main goals and major tasks of economic and social development during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period. The full text is submitted to the conference for review. Here are several aspects.
——Strive to improve the quality and efficiency of development, and maintain sustained and healthy economic development.
Development is the foundation and key to solving all problems in our country.
We must adhere to the new development concept, put the new development concept complete, accurate, and comprehensive throughout the entire development process and all fields, and guide all parties to focus on improving the quality and efficiency of development, and promote the full utilization of growth potential.
The economic operation is kept within a reasonable range, and the expected economic growth targets are put forward according to the situation in each year. The labor productivity growth of all employees is higher than the GDP growth. The urban surveyed unemployment rate is controlled within 5.5%, the price level remains generally stable, and higher quality is achieved. , More efficient, fairer, more sustainable and safer development.
——Adhere to innovation-driven development and accelerate the development of a modern industrial system.
Adhere to the core position of innovation in the overall situation of my country's modernization drive, and take scientific and technological self-reliance as a strategic support for national development.
Improve the national innovation system, accelerate the construction of a strategic scientific and technological force led by the national laboratory, fight for key core technologies, formulate and implement a ten-year action plan for basic research, enhance corporate technological innovation capabilities, stimulate talent innovation, and improve scientific and technological innovation systems and mechanisms , The R&D expenditure of the whole society will increase by more than 7% annually, and strive to make the investment intensity higher than the actual amount during the 13th Five-Year Plan period.
Persist in focusing on economic development on the real economy, advance the advanced industrial base, modernize the industrial chain, maintain the basic stability of the manufacturing sector, transform and upgrade traditional industries, develop and expand strategic emerging industries, and promote the prosperity of the service industry.
Promote the construction of traditional infrastructure and new infrastructure as a whole.
Accelerate the development of digitalization, create new advantages in the digital economy, coordinate the advancement of digital industrialization and industrial digital transformation, accelerate the pace of digital society construction, improve the level of digital government construction, create a good digital ecology, and build a digital China.
——Form a strong domestic market and build a new development pattern.
Combine the implementation of the strategy of expanding domestic demand with the deepening of supply-side structural reforms, and lead and create new demand with innovation-driven, high-quality supply.
Break through the blockages that restrict the rational flow of factors, link production, distribution, circulation, and consumption, and form a virtuous circle of the national economy.
Based on the domestic big cycle, we will coordinate the construction of a strong domestic market and a strong trading country, relying on the domestic economic cycle system to form a strong gravitational field for global factor resources, and promote domestic and international double cycles.
Establish an effective system for expanding domestic demand, comprehensively promote consumption, expand investment space, and accelerate the cultivation of a complete domestic demand system.
——Promote rural revitalization in an all-round way and improve the new-type urbanization strategy.
Adhere to the priority of agricultural and rural development, strictly observe the red line of 1.8 billion acres of arable land, implement high-standard farmland construction projects and black soil protection projects, ensure the safety of provenance, implement rural construction actions, and improve the urban-rural integrated development system and mechanism.
Establish and improve a long-term mechanism for consolidating and expanding the results of poverty alleviation to improve the overall development level of poverty alleviation areas.
Deeply advance the new human-centric urbanization strategy, accelerate the urbanization of the agricultural transfer population, increase the urbanization rate of the permanent population to 65%, develop and expand urban agglomerations and metropolitan areas, implement urban renewal actions, and improve the housing market system and housing security system. Improve the quality of urbanization development.
——Optimize the layout of regional economy and promote coordinated regional development.
In-depth implementation of major regional strategies, regional coordinated development strategies, and main functional area strategies, and build a high-quality development regional economic layout and land space support system.
Solidly promote the coordinated development of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, the development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt, the construction of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, the integrated development of the Yangtze River Delta, the ecological protection and high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin, and the construction of the Xiongan New Area with high standards and high quality.
Promote the development of the western region to form a new pattern, promote the revitalization of the Northeast to achieve new breakthroughs, promote the accelerated rise of the central region, and encourage the eastern region to accelerate modernization.
Support the accelerated development of old revolutionary areas and ethnic minority areas, and strengthen the construction of border areas.
Actively expand the space for marine economic development.
—— Deepen reform and opening up in an all-round way, and continue to increase development momentum and vitality.
Build a high-level socialist market economic system, stimulate the vitality of various market players, accelerate the optimization of the state-owned economy's layout and structural adjustment, and optimize the development environment of the private economy.
Build a high-standard market system, comprehensively improve the property rights system, promote the reform of the market-oriented allocation of factors, and strengthen the fundamental position of competition policies.
Establish a modern fiscal, taxation and financial system to enhance the government's economic governance capabilities.
Deepen the reform of "delegating control, delegating power, and improving service" to build a first-class business environment.
Build a new higher-level open economic system, promote the high-quality development of the "Belt and Road", and build a global-oriented network of high-standard free trade zones.
——Promote green development and promote the harmonious coexistence of man and nature.
Adhere to the concept that green water and green mountains are golden mountains and silver mountains, strengthen the management of landscapes, forests, fields, lakes and grasses, accelerate the construction of important ecological barriers, and build a natural protection system with national parks as the main body, with a forest coverage rate of 24.1%.
Continuously improve the environmental quality, and basically eliminate the heavily polluted weather and urban black and smelly water bodies.
Implement the nationally determined contribution target for climate change in 2030.
Accelerate the green transformation of development methods, coordinate the promotion of high-quality economic development and high-level protection of the ecological environment, and reduce energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP by 13.5% and 18%, respectively.
——Continue to improve people's livelihood and well-being, and steadily promote common prosperity.
Persist in doing what we can and do what we can, strengthen the construction of inclusive, basic, and comprehensive people's livelihood, formulate an action plan for promoting common prosperity, and make development results more and more equitable to all people.
Implement the employment priority strategy and expand employment capacity.
Efforts will be made to increase the income of low-income groups and expand middle-income groups. The growth of per capita disposable income of residents is basically synchronized with the growth of GDP.
We will build a high-quality education system, deepen education reforms, and implement education quality and capacity expansion projects. The average number of years of education for the working-age population has increased to 11.3 years.
We will comprehensively promote the construction of a healthy China, build a strong public health system, extensively carry out national fitness exercises, and increase the average life expectancy by one year.
Implement the national strategy to actively respond to the aging of the population, improve the population service system with the focus on "one old and one small", promote the realization of an appropriate birth rate, and gradually delay the legal retirement age.
Improve the multi-level social security system, increase the basic pension insurance participation rate to 95%, and optimize the social assistance and charity system.
Develop advanced socialist culture, raise the level of social civilization, raise the level of public cultural services, and improve the modern cultural industry system.
—— Coordinate development and security to build a higher level of safe China.
Adhere to the overall national security concept and strengthen the national security system and capacity building.
Strengthen the national economic security, implement the strategy of food, energy resources, and financial security, maintain the comprehensive food production capacity at more than 1.3 trillion catties, and increase the comprehensive energy production capacity.
Comprehensively improve the ability to guarantee public safety and maintain social stability and safety.
Looking to the future, we are confident and capable of overcoming the difficulties and obstacles on the road ahead, completing the goals and tasks of the "14th Five-Year Plan", and striving to write a new chapter in the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics!
Li Keqiang pointed out that it is necessary to ensure that the "14th Five-Year Plan" has a good start.
(Organized according to the web text live broadcast)