Observation | Last year the national discipline inspection and supervision organs accountable for 86,000 people

  At the Fifth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized that it is necessary to improve the implementation of the Party Central Committee’s major decisions and deployment supervision and accountability mechanisms, and strengthen the implementation of new development concepts, construction of new development patterns, and promotion of high-quality development. Supervision and inspection.

In the Communiqué of the Fifth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, it was pointed out that accountability tools should be used accurately and properly.

  Power must be accountable, accountability must be undertaken, and failure to be held accountable.

The reporter learned from the State Supervision Commission of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection a few days ago that in 2020, there will be a total of 7,292 party organizations accountable by the national discipline inspection and supervision agencies, and 86,000 party members, leading cadres and supervision targets will be accountable.

 Achieving "two safeguards" is the most fundamental political discipline and political rule, as well as the fundamental principle and primary task of accountability work

  Under the azure skyline, the mountains of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau are undulating, and the alpine meadows on the southern foot of the Qilian Mountains have an altitude of more than 4,000 meters. Due to years of excessive excavation, they have been torn apart and formed a number of huge sinkholes... In the first episode of "The Righteous Anti-corruption Is Around", the scene of illegal coal mining in the Muli mining area in Qinghai is shocking.

  The Muli mining area is located at the source of the Datong River, an important tributary of the Yellow River, and is of great ecological significance.

In August and September 2014, the Party Central Committee issued important instructions to stop destructive mining in the Muli mining area.

However, at the beginning of 2015, there were still companies returning to their old ways.

  The Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core regards the construction of ecological civilization and the construction of a beautiful China as a major national strategy, and has repeatedly emphasized that it will never be soft on behaviors that destroy the ecological environment, and there is no exception.

Failure to implement major decisions and deployments of the Party Central Committee such as ecological protection will inevitably lead to serious negligence and corruption.

  In August 2020, the Qinghai Provincial Commission for Discipline Inspection set up an investigation team and initiated the accountability process in response to the ineffective implementation of the Party Central Committee’s decision and deployment of ecological and environmental protection by relevant units and departments, resulting in predatory mining in the Muli mining area. A negligent leading cadre was removed.

In January of this year, Wen Guodong, the former vice governor of Qinghai Province, the former secretary of the Haixi Prefecture Party Committee, and the former secretary of the Party Working Committee of the Qaidam Circular Economy Pilot Zone, was declared "double open".

  Achieving "two safeguards" is the most fundamental political discipline and political rule, and it is also the fundamental principle and primary task of accountability work.

The party’s accountability work must concretize the requirements of the "two safeguards" and be reflected in the resolute implementation of the party’s line, principles and policies and the major decisions and deployments of the party Central Committee.

  2020 is the final year of building a well-off society in an all-round way and the 13th Five-Year Plan. Discipline inspection and supervision agencies at all levels focus on maintaining the party’s political discipline and political rules and failing to do so, implementing the new development concept, fighting the three tough battles, and coordinating the epidemic We must be held accountable for the ineffective implementation of major decision-making deployments such as prevention and control, economic and social development, and ensuring the improvement of people’s livelihood, to ensure the smooth flow of the party’s central government.

  Take Liaoning Province as an example. As of November 2020, 295 people in the province were negligent and accountable for their dereliction of duty in the fight against environmental pollution, and 940 people were not held accountable for the promotion of the special fight against evil and evil, and severely investigated and dealt with the damage handed over by the Central Environmental Protection Inspection Team. For ecological and environmental accountability issues, 4 party organizations and 119 people were held accountable, and the national statistical inspection team transferred the accountability issues for statistical violations and laws, and 60 people were held accountable.

 Consolidate responsibilities and inspire accountability at critical moments to ensure the implementation of the party Central Committee’s major decisions on the war epidemic

  After the arduous test, the fight against the new crown pneumonia epidemic has left a strong mark on the extraordinary 2020.

In this battle to prevent and control the epidemic that must be won, accountability has repeatedly played a sharp role in consolidating responsibilities and promoting implementation.

  At the beginning of the outbreak, the Party Central Committee issued the "Notice on Strengthening the Party’s Leadership and Providing a Strong Political Guarantee for Winning the War of Preventing and Controlling the Epidemic", clearly emphasizing on those who dare not to take responsibility, their style is floating, their implementation is weak, and they even resort to fraud and negligence. Those who dereliction of duty must be held accountable seriously.

  At 5 o'clock in the morning on March 12, 2020, the website of the Wuhan Municipal Commission for Discipline Inspection and Supervision issued a message to file an investigation on Luo Rong, the deputy head of Qingshan District and the leader of the market supply guarantee team of the district's new crown pneumonia epidemic prevention and control headquarters.

This is less than 12 hours after netizens reported that a local community used sanitation vehicles to transport cheap meat.

  If the responsibility is not fulfilled in place, the accountability board must be photographed.

According to statistics, in the first half of 2020, in response to dereliction of duty, violation of discipline and other issues in the prevention and control of the epidemic, the discipline inspection and supervision organs of Wuhan have handled 2,756 person-times and filed and investigated 313 persons; Hubei Province has handled dereliction of duty in the prevention and control work. There were 14,534 issues of liability and violation of discipline, and 15,509 people were dealt with.

  Powerful supervision has played a role of compacting responsibilities and stimulating accountability at critical moments, ensuring the implementation of the party Central Committee’s major decisions on the war epidemic.

  On March 7, 2020, a centralized isolation hotel for epidemic prevention and control in Quanzhou City, Fujian Province collapsed, causing many casualties.

  "Some cadres were transferred to the judicial organs in the fourth form due to the bad circumstances such as the issuance of false fire protection certificates due to their interests. Some cadres had formalism and bureaucratic style, and did not actively perform their duties and fulfill their duties. According to the second form Give the government a demerit penalty."

  Under the guidance of the State Supervision Commission of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, the Fujian Provincial Commission for Discipline Inspection established an accident accountability investigation team as soon as possible. Based on the investigation results of the State Council, each cadre should be accurately identified and dealt with accurately.

In the end, 49 public officials were seriously held accountable, and 7 of them were transferred to the judicial organs for criminal responsibility.

  At the same time, many places have implemented an accountability review system for epidemic prevention and control, which is prudent and prudential, and effectively promotes the implementation of responsibilities, unity and unity of party members and cadres to overcome difficulties.

  "At the beginning of June, a new epidemic broke out. The Beijing Municipal Commission for Discipline Inspection and the Fengtai District Committee asked us to initiate accountability. The whole district was shaken for a while, and the cadres were drumming in their hearts. How will the accountability investigation be conducted at this time? Will it affect the morale of the epidemic prevention and control war? Our pressure is not small." Li Zhengbin, member of the Standing Committee of the Fengtai District Committee, District Disciplinary Committee and Director of the Supervisory Committee, is still fresh in his memory.

  To this end, the Fengtai District Commission for Discipline Inspection passed the "four-party responsibilities" appointment and the "four morning" requirements to determine the bids. Leading cadres of the relevant responsible departments will be interviewed one by one according to the division of labor for epidemic prevention and control to find out the problem of default.

At the same time, pay attention to the difference between one's own omission or the default caused by objective conditions, accurately determine the circumstances of default, and conduct accountability investigations in strict accordance with regulations, disciplines and laws, and do not engage in "objective incriminating" and simply ask them.

  The three accountable cadres are also more actively involved in the prevention and control of the epidemic.

More than two months later, the Beijing Xinfadi Agricultural Products Wholesale Market was reopened, and the city was back on track.

 Accurately standardize accountability, which not only prevents insufficient accountability, but also prevents accountability from being generalized and simplified

  On the evening of April 21, 2020, a fire accident occurred in Hongxing Abrasive Materials Co., Ltd., Chengtou Town, Ganyu District, Lianyungang City, Jiangsu Province.

After investigation, it was determined that this was a liability accident caused by the serious negligence of duties, dereliction of duty, and oversight of the local party committee government and relevant regulatory authorities.

The 14 party members, cadres and public officials of the Chengtou Town Party Committee and the Ganyu District Emergency Management, Ecological Environment, Market Supervision, Public Security and other functional departments have been seriously held accountable.

  From the third plenary meeting of the 19th Central Commission for Discipline Inspection proposed "precise accountability" to the fourth plenary meeting "precise and powerful accountability", to the fifth plenary meeting "precise regulation and good accountability tool", the related expressions are in the same line. .

  "The changes in these formulations show that the Party Central Committee is paying more and more attention to the role of accountability as a weapon, insisting on strict accountability, precise accountability and effective accountability, and improving the political accuracy of accountability work." Peking University Research Center for Integrity Construction Deputy Director Zhuang Deshui said.

  Accident accountability cases involve many departments, many responsible persons, and many different levels of punishment. How can we accurately qualitatively, accurately handle, and accurately accountability?

Not long ago, the "Regulations of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and the State Supervision Commission for the Investigation and Investigation of Accountability for Specially Major Production Safety Accidents (Trial)" was issued, and the relevant institutional framework has become a positive response to real problems.

  "Accountability is directly related to the seriousness of accountability itself, but also related to the political life of party members and leading cadres, and should not be taken lightly." Zhuang Deshui believes.

  Accurate accountability. Choosing the right accountability object is what the question should be. Never ask the next, ask the small and not the big, or even find someone to top the bag or pull someone to back, so that the negligent can escape and the officer will be chilled. .

The relevant person in charge of the Liaoning Provincial Commission for Discipline Inspection said: “We insist on in-depth investigation and verification based on the Party Constitution, Accountability Regulations, Internal Party Supervision Regulations, Disciplinary Regulations and other internal party laws and regulations to correctly distinguish the nature of the problem, especially focusing on leading cadres. The'key minority' strengthens leadership responsibilities, and resolutely prevents accountability from being generalized and simplified, and pushing down responsibility."

  Accurate accountability is also inseparable from the refinement and standardization of accountability mechanism procedures.

The Shandong Provincial Commission for Discipline Inspection and Supervision has perfected the accountability procedures, so as to "every question four must": must listen to the parties' statements, define subjective faults, distinguish between intention and negligence; must listen to the opinions of the party organization of the cadre's unit, listen to the opinions of the masses, and understand the cadres Consistent performance; must listen to the opinions of the superior business department on the use of the policy, and cannot interpret the superior policy at will; must evaluate the accountability effect.

  Chengdu City, Sichuan Province has established and improved the internal communication and coordination mechanism of "one case, double investigation". For complex and difficult issues such as cross-regional and cross-department, the Municipal Discipline Inspection Commission’s Party Style and Political Style Supervision Office will conduct collective research and judgment in conjunction with case management and trial departments. Strictly review and check to avoid generalization and simplification of accountability.

  A standardized accountability procedure is not only an inherent requirement for increasing the seriousness of accountability, but also a basic guarantee for the rights of accountable objects.

  "The current accountability regulations cover important links from the initiation of accountability to the accountability decision, to the implementation of the accountability decision, the complaint of the accountable object, and the correction of the accountability decision." According to Teng Wenhao, associate professor of the Center for Corruption Prevention Research of Sichuan University, This complete set of procedures seems to increase the difficulty and cost of accountability, but it is highly realistic.

  Specifically, the first is to reduce the arbitrariness of accountability through complete program design, and to change the random "rapid" accountability, especially to avoid extreme phenomena such as "accountability never overnight"; second, to avoid the generalization and simplification of accountability ; The third is to highlight the rights protection and rights relief of the accountable objects, focus on reducing improper accountability, and avoid the negative social impact caused by abuse of accountability.

  “Accurately regulate accountability is to make every accountability able to withstand the test of history and reality, and convince the accountable objects.” Zhuang Deshui said.

Adhere to the combination of strict management and love, pay attention to the "three distinctions", and let the accountable cadres take responsibility and take responsibility

  From January to November 2020, the national discipline inspection and supervision agencies accountable for more than 75,000 party members, leading cadres and supervision targets. Among them, 56,000 were aided in the first form of education and criticism, which is more than twice the number of party discipline and government sanctions.

  "Accountability must adhere to the combination of strict management and love, clarify the boundaries and handling standards of accountability, and accurately apply the'four forms'." The relevant person in charge of the Party Style and Political Style Supervision Office of the State Supervision Commission of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection stated that the "three The requirements of “differentiation”, combined with the accountability target’s motivation and attitude, consistent performance, and recovery of losses, accurately grasp and apply the circumstances of non- or exemption from accountability, lighter accountability, and heavier accountability.

  A single accountability decision is by no means the end. Only by doing the “second half of the article” of accountability, letting the accountable cadres take responsibility and actions, and rectify the problems, can we achieve the unity of political, disciplinary and social effects. .

  On November 22, 2020, the "tap water can be ignited" incident in Dawa District, Panjin City, Liaoning Province was reported, and there was an uproar.

The Panjin City and Dawa District Disciplinary Committee and Supervisory Committee quickly launched the problem investigation and accountability procedures.

Since 2017, a back and thorough investigation has been carried out. After 12 days of work, a total of 101 documentary evidence from various relevant units have been collected, and 31 transcripts have been formed through conversations with 21 relevant responsible persons.

On December 10, after the results of accountability were announced, the situation was calmed down, the newly-expanded reservoir was put into use, and residents' lives resumed normal water supply.

  Treat the sick and save people after punishment.

It is necessary to adhere to principles, strict accountability, and promote the implementation of responsibilities. It is also necessary to distinguish situations and categorize them, and implement fault tolerance for cadres' mistakes in reform and innovation; strengthen follow-up and return visits, and dynamically understand the thoughts of cadres who are punished due to accountability Dynamics and work conditions; those who meet the relevant conditions should be boldly used for the expiration of the impact period, outstanding performance, and establish a clear direction for entrepreneurship.

  Taking fault tolerance as an example, Sichuan’s discipline inspection and supervision organs used education, rectification, and positive guidance to help party members and cadres make up for the common mistakes and minor violations of regulations and disciplines that did not cause actual losses or adverse effects in the fight against poverty.

The Commission for Discipline Inspection of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and relevant departments formulated and issued the "Fault Tolerance and Correction Measures (Trial)", which provides relief and exemption of liability for six cases of public intentions without seeking illegitimate benefits for individuals, others or units.

  Only by forming a positive cycle of "failure-accountability-providing responsibility-accountability" around responsibility, can we avoid taking accountability as a punishment and "just asking it".

  In order to promote the "second half of the article" of accountability and achieve both symptoms and root causes, the Accountability Regulations also make relevant institutional arrangements for problem rectification: "The party organization that made the accountability decision should strengthen supervision and inspection, and promote the case to promote reform. "

  In practice, the Tianjin Commission for Discipline Inspection has promoted the rectification of problems through the implementation of "Three Promoting Cases".

The first is to "promote education with cases," and use typical accountability cases to carry out warning education to encourage party members and cadres, especially leading cadres, to self-examine.

The second is to "use cases to promote reforms," ​​guiding and urging accountable party organizations and leading cadres to learn from one another and focus on comprehensive rectification.

The third is to "promote construction with cases" to guide and urge accountable party organizations, leading cadres and their party organizations to plug system loopholes in a timely manner, and improve the long-term mechanism of education, management and supervision.

  "Accountability is not an end in itself. The value of accountability lies in awakening the party spirit of party members and leading cadres through accountability, maintaining awe of power, loyalty to the cause, and a clear sense of responsibility, so as to achieve accountability, warning, and education. The effect of this has continuously strengthened the political foundation of the party’s governance." Zhuang Deshui believes.

  Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and State Supervision Commission website Guan Xiaopu Chai Yaxin