China News Service, Beijing, January 14 (Li Jingze) The epidemic situation in Hebei is still developing. At present, there are 523 local confirmed cases in the province.

Officials have recently decided that Gaocheng District, Shijiazhuang City, will implement centralized isolation in remote areas of the three villages with the most cases and the 12 villages with cases.

  Experts interviewed by China News Agency said that remote isolation is a special move under special circumstances, which is conducive to improving the efficiency of nucleic acid testing, quickly discovering asymptomatic infections, closely tracking patients who may be in the incubation period, and also helping to protect vulnerable individuals. The elderly and children reduce their risk of being infected by people around them.

On January 14, the construction site of the centralized isolation point in Shijiazhuang City, the construction personnel are stepping up the construction.

Translated by Wang Tian

Why do we need to isolate in different places?

  Official data show that the confirmed cases of this round of Shijiazhuang's epidemic are distributed in 12 counties, 76.39% of them occurred in Gaocheng District, and 95.62% of Gaocheng Districts occurred in Zengcun Town.

The 15 villages that implemented remote isolation this time are all under the jurisdiction of Gaocheng District.

  Regarding the reason for the remote isolation, Tong Zhaohui, a treatment expert from the National Health Commission of China, told the media that there may be dozens or even hundreds of residents in a village. People in the village can still communicate with each other only if the village door is closed, so find a suitable one. The place is concentrated and isolated, while allowing them to develop good living habits.

  Wang Daming, a researcher at the Suzhou Institute of Biomedical Engineering and Technology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, pointed out to a reporter from China News Agency that in addition to the relatively weak awareness of prevention and control, the large and sparsely populated rural areas also hinder the supply of materials and real-time monitoring during the isolation period. Remote isolation is both a guarantee. The supply of materials also facilitates nucleic acid testing and temperature monitoring of villagers.

  He also believes that the evacuation of relevant villagers will help the staff to kill the local environment.

In this regard, some media have learned from Zengcun, Zengcun Township, Gaocheng District, that after the evacuation of personnel, the village must be strongly disinfected every day.

  From home quarantine to centralized quarantine, and then to this centralized quarantine in another place, China has continuously explored anti-epidemic quarantine models.

Wang Daming pointed out that the specific model to be adopted should be based on the local epidemic situation and the level of medical and living supplies.

On January 13, Shijiazhuang City, Hebei Province started construction of a centralized isolation point in Guying Village, Zhufutun Town, Wenzheng Street, Zhengding County.

The picture shows the construction site.

Photo by China News Agency reporter Zhai Yujia

How to perform remote isolation?

  It is reported that the three villages of Xiaoguozhuang, Liujiazuo, and Nanqiaozhai Village in Zengcun Township, Gaocheng District, with the largest number of cases, have a population of more than 5,000. In addition, the 12 villages where cases have occurred have a total population of more than 20,000.

How to transfer such a large number of people, and where they will be transferred to attract outside attention.

  Regarding the transfer method, Qi Shunxiang, director of the Viral Disease Prevention and Control Institute of the Hebei Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, said that centralized isolation is mainly to isolate close contacts and close contacts. There is one person in the vehicle, equipped with disinfectant and paper towels, and the vehicle will be controlled. Less than 50% of the passenger capacity, and let the quarantined personnel try not to bring their own belongings.

  Regarding the transfer location, the official has not yet introduced it in detail, but it can be found from Xiaoguozhuang Village, where remote isolation began a week ago, and the main isolation location is a hotel in a nearby town.

In addition, on a piece of planned land in Zhengding New District, Shijiazhuang City, the centralized isolation point is being constructed 24 hours a day, and nearly 3,000 integrated houses will be in place on the 15th.

  Qi Shunxiang also revealed that the quarantine point is fully equipped and will organize health and anti-epidemic personnel, public security, and firefighters on duty.

One room per person is implemented to ensure that meals are delivered to the door, and TV and other entertainment supplies are also provided.

At the same time, psychologists are also on call at any time to educate the quarantined.

On January 13th, in the Jinyu Medical Laboratory Park, Shijiazhuang City, Hebei Province, busy nucleic acid testing staff in the shelter.

Photo by China News Agency reporter Zhai Yujia

How to treat remote isolation?

  Regarding the "grid" management of remote isolation points, Wang Daming said that this will help improve the efficiency of nucleic acid testing, quickly find asymptomatic infections, closely track patients who may be in the incubation period, and also help protect the elderly and vulnerable to infection. Children, reduce their risk of being infected by people around them.

  "The remote isolation shows China's wisdom in epidemic prevention and control."

Wang Daming said that although manpower and material resources were spent in the process of transferring people, this can be made up for by the convenience of back-end prevention and control.

  Liu Youning, a well-known respiratory expert at the Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital, based on the judgment that the "No. 0 case" of the Hebei epidemic may be earlier than December 15 last year, predicting that this round of the epidemic will continue for some time.

He told a reporter from China News Agency that the implementation of remote isolation measures will help control and control close contacts and sub-close contacts. Through more than 21 days of isolation and observation, the situation of the second round of the epidemic in Hebei will become clearer.

  At present, many provinces and cities such as Liaoning and Heilongjiang are also experiencing local epidemics one after another. Compared with the previous period, the areas where the epidemic has spread more in this round are in rural areas and the junction of urban and rural areas. How to prevent and control the epidemic in these areas?

Interviewed experts believe that Hebei's remote isolation measures may be inspiring.

  Liu Youning believes that remote isolation breaks through the restrictions of rural conditions and realizes the progress from home isolation to individual isolation for each person. Because the virus still exists in the environment of the epidemic area is not ruled out, relocation to another location is also conducive to complete disinfection and elimination of the virus. The prevention and control of the epidemic, especially the early stage of the epidemic, is very important.

He said that in rural areas where cases have been detected but there is no centralized isolation on site, remote isolation may become a new option for China's rural epidemic prevention and control.

  Wang Daming also said that China has accumulated rich experience in urban epidemic prevention and control since the fight against the epidemic, but there is not much experience in rural prevention and control.

Obviously, the "epidemic" of the Hebei war with the rural areas as the main battlefield is a new test paper for China's epidemic prevention and control. The remote isolation as one of the answers may provide a reference for other regions.