Rotavirus infests these pits, parents don’t step on
Whenever the weather turns cold in winter, in the waiting room of the pediatrics department of the hospital, many babies who are depressed by vomiting and diarrhea can be seen.
In this season, diarrhea in children is mostly rotavirus enteritis.
Rotavirus is one of the main pathogens of autumn and winter diarrhea. The disease reaches its peak in December and can last until March of the following year.
Since diarrhea is a common disease, some parents think it is troublesome to go to the hospital, so they treat their children with medicine at home.
However, in the process of self-treatment, it is inevitable that you will step on "pits". Here are some common misunderstandings that parents have in dealing with children's rotavirus enteritis.
Take antidiarrheals immediately
At the initial stage of the disease, diarrhea can excrete the pathogenic bacteria in the body, the toxins they produce and the harmful substances entering the gastrointestinal tract, and reduce the harmful effects on the human body.
Therefore, do not use antidiarrheals immediately at this time.
In particular, some infants and young children cannot use antidiarrheal agents, such as children under five years of age forbidden (loperamide); infants under two years of age forbidden compound diphenoxylate (compound diphenoxylate), parents should pay more attention .
When babies have diarrhea, some microecological regulators can be used to help them keep their intestinal health healthy.
There are many normal bacteria in the human body, such as bifidobacteria, and the number is 10 times the total number of human cells. They are mainly distributed in the intestine and are indispensable for human life activities.
If the number of normal bacteria decreases or the proportion is imbalanced, diarrhea will occur, which will further aggravate the flora imbalance.
The microecological preparation is a preparation of normal live bacteria mainly composed of bifidobacteria, which can promote the recovery of normal flora after oral administration and play a role in treating diarrhea.
Abuse of antibiotics
Many parents see their children's diarrhea and think it is caused by bacteria, so they use antibiotics to "carry" it at home.
As everyone knows, this approach is unscientific.
Because antibiotics are mainly for bacterial enteritis, and the use of antibiotics for viral enteritis caused by rotavirus, not only can not cure diarrhea, but may also cause adverse reactions.
The application of antibiotics, especially broad-spectrum antibiotics, often inhibits sensitive bacteria everywhere in the body, and allows drug-resistant bacteria to multiply and grow in the body, leading to double infections, which can worsen diarrhea.
Only when the baby has pus and blood in the stool (mostly combined with Shigella, invasive E. coli, Salmonella infection), the doctor will advocate the use of sensitive antibacterial drugs.
If the condition does not improve after taking the medicine for 48 hours, you should consider changing to another antibacterial drug under the guidance of a doctor.
Fast and less water
Some parents believe that children should eat less food and water when they have diarrhea, otherwise the diarrhea will become more serious.
In fact, the key to winter diarrhea care is to add water to your baby, so you can't fast your baby.
The biggest threat of rotavirus to babies is the loss of water and electrolytes.
Because of the diarrhea caused by rotavirus, there is no specific medicine at present, so in the care and treatment, only water and electrolytes can be added.
In addition, children who have appetite during diarrhea should eat.
Babies should take milk as usual.
In the early stage of diarrhea in older children, it is best to eat some liquid food, such as thick rice soup, thin lotus root noodles; after the situation improves, eat some semi-liquid food, such as dried noodles, noodles, rice porridge, steamed custard, etc.; chronic diarrhea, lasting longer Eat foods that are easy to digest and rich in nutrients, such as minced fish, pork floss, vegetables, fruits, etc. The staple food can be gruel.
Within half a month after the diarrhea ceases, the child should be given an extra meal a day to make up for the nutrition lost during the diarrhea.
Increase the dose of medication at will
Seeing the children feel uncomfortable, the parents feel distressed.
However, it is not advisable to arbitrarily increase the dose of medicines to children without following the doctor's instructions or not following the medicine instructions.
Although there is no effective drug for rotavirus enteritis at present, if broad-spectrum antiviral drugs are used in the early stage, the replication and reproduction of the virus can be inhibited, and the number of viruses can be reduced. This can reduce symptoms and shorten the course of the disease.
It should be pointed out that taking medication should be carried out under the guidance of a physician or pharmacist.