China News Service, December 28. According to the WeChat official account of the National Development and Reform Commission, the main person in charge of the Economic Operation and Regulation Bureau of the National Development and Reform Commission said in response to a reporter's question on winter energy supply, that local government departments and relevant enterprises are required to plan for orderly electricity use. Comprehensively sort out, scientifically demonstrate, and ensure that it does not involve people's livelihoods and residents.

  The full text of the question is as follows:

Question 1: What impact will the new round of cold weather across the country have on natural gas supply next week?

What countermeasures do you plan to take?

  Answer: According to the forecast by the Meteorological Department, starting from December 28, strong cold air will affect most of the central and eastern parts of China, with temperatures falling by 6-8℃, among which the eastern part of the Northwest, North China, Huanghuai, Jianghan, Jiangnan and other places will drop by 10 —12°C.

Cold weather will increase the demand for natural gas, and at the same time will have a certain impact on the work of natural gas supply.

  In response to the arrival of a new round of cold weather, the National Development and Reform Commission gave full play to the role of the guarantee day dispatch mechanism established with relevant departments, regions and relevant enterprises, made overall plans in advance, strengthened coordinated dispatch, and made efforts from both sides of supply and demand. A series of full preparations were made.

Judging from the current supply and demand situation, although there may be increased pressure to ensure supply in some regions and certain periods, it is generally balanced, and the people's livelihood gas is guaranteed, which can ensure the people's warmth through the winter.

  One is to do everything possible to increase the supply of resources.

Urge upstream gas supply companies to maintain safe and full production of gas fields and increase supply.

Coordinate and optimize the window period arrangements for each receiving station, and make every effort to increase the purchase of spot LNG resources.

The middle section of the Sino-Russian Eastern Route has recently been put into production, which can increase the supply of resources by more than 10 million cubic meters per day.

With the support of Guangxi and other places, the resumption of production at the Beihai LNG receiving station also provided protection for this round of cold weather.

  The second is to focus on ensuring the heating and gas needs of the northern region.

In the heating season this year, we will continue to increase the protection of clean heating gas in the northern region, and we will allocate resources to 7 key provinces and cities.

At present, the daily gas supply of the seven key provinces and cities for clean heating in the north is about 470 million cubic meters, maintaining a double-digit growth, accounting for about 40% of the national gas supply, and the overall guarantee is relatively good.

  The third is to give full play to the role of gas storage and peak shaving.

During the heating season this year, the available gas storage capacity increased by about 5 billion cubic meters compared with last year.

To cope with this round of cold weather, we will coordinate the use of gas storage tanks and storage tanks at coastal receiving stations.

As of December 24, the remaining recoverable gas volume of the gas storage is nearly 10 billion cubic meters, and it can still be recovered for about 70 days at the maximum capacity.

  The fourth is to raise management and inventory to a high level.

Through measures such as increasing gas production from gas storage facilities, the national pipeline network has been increased to a historical high on the 27th. If necessary, the management and storage capacity can be used to effectively cope with the short-term surge in gas demand.

  Fifth, the organization will increase the "southern gas northward".

Use interconnection projects such as the northward route of the Zhonggui Line and the reverse transmission of the Guangzhou Station of the West Second Line to organize the "southern gas route to the north".

By reducing the amount of gas used in the southern region, industrial users can be interrupted, and resources can be increased northward.

Coordinating the adjustment of the LNG originally planned to be unloaded at the southern coastal receiving station to the northern receiving station to further increase the supply of resources in the north.

  Sixth, it is to ensure that LNG ships arrive at ports in time for unloading.

The transportation department provides strong support, strengthens guidance to relevant ports, and prepares in advance the unloading plan under extreme weather conditions such as strong wind and fog to ensure the stable supply of imported LNG.

  Seventh, do a good job in ensuring supply and stabilizing prices.

Gas for people's livelihood, especially residential gas, strictly implements the gate price policy, which is not affected by market price fluctuations and can guarantee sufficient quantity and price stability.

At the same time, cooperate with relevant departments to strengthen market price supervision, increase investigation and punishment of illegal activities such as price speculation, and resolutely maintain fair competition in the market order.

Recently, international and domestic LNG prices have shown a downward trend, and it is expected that they will fluctuate and decline in the later period.

  Eighth is to organize an accurate and orderly "suppression of non-residents" plan.

In order to ensure heating and gas supply, when necessary, it is necessary to organize precise and orderly reduction of gas consumption that can be interrupted by industrial users.

Our committee will adhere to the bottom line thinking, strengthen overall coordination, and guide upstream gas supply companies and localities to formulate work plans to ensure that the people's livelihood is not affected.

The plan would rather prepare rather than use it, and not prepare it if it is not available, to ensure the safety and stability of gas supply and the needs of people's livelihood.

  Ninth is to coordinate and solve the individual problems that affect heating and gas supply in a timely manner.

Perseverely do a good job in the scheduling of guaranteed supply days, strengthen coordination with localities and related enterprises, and strengthen resource scheduling guarantees in some areas where the contradiction between supply and demand is prominent.

For the inadequate heating and gas supply in some places, we urge relevant places to verify and solve them immediately, so as to ensure the safety and warmth of the people through the winter.

Question 2: Since the beginning of winter, power has been tight in some areas. The new round of cold weather may cause a significant increase in the heating power load in the southern region. What measures do you plan to take to ensure power supply?

  Answer: Since the beginning of winter, the country's electricity demand has grown rapidly.

According to express data, the nationwide electricity generation and consumption have increased by about 11% year-on-year since December, and the growth rate has increased by 6 percentage points over the same period last year.

The cold wave came in early and mid-December. The country's highest daily electricity load exceeded the summer peak, and the highest daily power generation was close to the summer peak, which is rare in history.

The power consumption of 20 provincial power grids increased by double digits, and the cumulative load of 15 provincial power grids hit a new high for 137 times.

Multiple factors such as rapid economic recovery, extreme cold weather, and limited supply capacity are superimposed. Hunan and Jiangxi have experienced peak power rationing. Zhejiang has also seen partial power rationing in the process of promoting dual energy consumption control and coal reduction.

Our Commission and the Energy Administration immediately coordinated the relevant parties and adopted a number of measures to respond in a timely manner.

At present, the power rationing in Hunan has basically resumed, and Jiangxi has no more power rationing since December 19. Zhejiang has also corrected some local practices, and the national power supply and demand situation has stabilized.

  In recent days, there will be continued low temperature weather, and the national electricity demand is expected to rise.

In order to respond well, our committee will work with relevant parties to ensure power supply.

  One is to further consolidate the responsibilities of local governments and enterprises.

Urge local governments to implement the decisions and deployments of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, strengthen supervision and inspection, conduct comprehensive investigations, find loopholes, eliminate hidden dangers, adhere to the bottom line of people’s livelihood, and ensure that residents and public services use electricity.

Supervise enterprises to strengthen their responsibility to ensure safe and stable supply, increase production and supply as much as possible under the premise of ensuring safety, strengthen equipment safety maintenance, and ensure safe and reliable operation.

Coordinate the relevant departments to strengthen overall coordination, careful organization, scientific scheduling, close cooperation, form a joint force, and earnestly do a good job in guaranteeing work to ensure that the masses are warm during the winter.

  The second is to scientifically optimize the orderly power utilization plan.

All local government departments and relevant enterprises are required to comprehensively sort out the orderly electricity use plan, scientifically demonstrate it, and ensure that it does not involve people's livelihoods or residents.

Further clarify the startup process of the plan, and check the rationality of all users involved in the plan to ensure its practical use.

Before requiring the implementation of the plan, the obligation of notification should be fulfilled, and the power supply risk warning should be done to ensure that the company has expectations.

In extreme cases, when implementing the program, only limit electricity and not pull electricity.

  The third is to focus on the power supply.

Guide key areas to do a good job in the operation and maintenance of power generation and transmission equipment to ensure power supply capacity during peak periods.

Dynamically grasp the coal storage level of key power plants, organize power, coal, and transportation companies to strengthen the connection between production and transportation needs, and ensure that the coal storage of power plants is stable above a reasonable level.

Make full use of the advantages of large-scale power grid resource allocation, optimize the operation of the entire network, coordinate the cross-regional power surplus and deficiency, and coordinate the dispatch of power sources such as water, nuclear, wind, and fire to ensure the supply of energy for key areas and people's livelihood.

  The fourth is to improve the coordination mechanism.

Give full play to the role of the supply-guarantee coordination mechanism, strengthen overall coordination, closely monitor and track changes in supply and demand, and identify individual problems early, report early, coordinate early, and resolve early.

It is necessary to actively respond to social concerns and create a good atmosphere of public opinion.

Question 3: Since the beginning of winter, especially in December, the demand for coal has increased. Is there any problem with the guarantee of coal supply?

In response to the new round of strong cooling weather, what countermeasures are there to ensure coal supply?

  Answer: Since the heating season, the demand for electricity and coal has increased, but the supply is generally stable, which can meet the coal demand for production and life.

For the upcoming cold weather, we have made preparations in advance and formulated a thorough emergency plan for coal supply to ensure that the people will survive the winter warmly.

  One is to make every effort to increase production and supply.

Guide major coal producing areas and key coal enterprises in Shanxi, Shaanxi, Inner Mongolia, etc., under the premise of ensuring safety, speed up the release of production capacity, and do everything possible to meet coal demand.

According to the supply and demand situation, coal imports should be appropriately increased, and coal should be used first for power generation and heating, and the role of supplementary adjustment of imported coal should be fully utilized.

  The second is to accelerate the improvement of coal storage levels in power plants.

Monitor the coal storage levels of key power plants across the country every day, track the supply of thermal coal in a timely manner, and coordinate and resolve outstanding problems in the supply as soon as possible.

In response to the low coal storage in a few power plants, the coal source and transportation capacity were immediately coordinated and the coal storage in power plants has been steadily increasing.

The coal storage of power plants in the national integrated regulation system has been maintained at a reasonable level of over 18 days.

  The third is to strengthen coal security in key areas.

For Hunan and Jiangxi where the supply of electricity coal is relatively tight, coordinate the main coal producing areas and coal enterprises to provide resource guarantees for power plants with low coal storage levels, coordinate railway enterprises to optimize the transportation structure, and provide maximum support.

At present, the available days of coal storage in key power plants in the two provinces are both at a reasonable level of 18 days.

  The fourth is to organize emergency resources.

The main coal producing areas and coal enterprises have been organized to prepare a batch of emergency coal resources in the producing areas, along the railway line and the main ports in the north. The coal resources can be supplied to the southeast coast and the two lakes in a short period of 3-4 days. Jiang and other key areas.

  The fifth is to strengthen the emergency guarantee mechanism.

Further improve the emergency response plan, and establish a multi-party coordination mechanism involving relevant departments, local governments, coal companies and transportation companies.

In the event of an emergency, the emergency plan shall be activated in time to mobilize coal production enterprises to organize coal sources, coordinate and link transportation capacity, and ensure the normal operation of power plants.

Question 4: Recently, coal demand has been soaring, and power plants in many places have reported that railway transportation capacity is tight. Coal demand is expected to increase in the future. How to ensure transportation capacity in the next step?

  Answer: Recently, coal demand across the country has risen rapidly, which is also a test for railway transportation.

According to data from the railway department, the national railway coal daily loading has exceeded 80,000 vehicles, and the Daqin Railway has shipped more than 140 trains a day, which is the highest level in history.

In the next step, we will work with the National Railway Group to ensure coal transportation, focusing on coal for power generation and heating, coordinating transportation resources, optimizing transportation organization, and making every effort to ensure coal demand for production and living to ensure that the people live warmly through the winter.

  One is to highlight key points and make arrangements for capacity.

Intensify the outbound coal transportation of major production areas such as Shanxi, Shaanxi and Mongolia, strengthen port transportation organization and port connections, increase the transportation capacity of water coal and imported coal, and give priority to ensuring the demand for coal for power generation and heating. According to the "priority plan, priority air distribution, The principle of “Prioritized Loading, Priority Hanging and Priority Unloading” ensures the normal production of power generation and heating enterprises.

  The second is to optimize the coal transportation organization.

Make overall plans for the use of locomotives, vehicles and equipment across the country, and focus on key areas to ensure coal transportation.

Speed ​​up the turnover of locomotives and vehicles, reduce intermediate operation links, and promote a rapid increase in transportation volume.

Strengthen the organization of coal loading and unloading vehicles, and scientifically allocate personnel and machinery to ensure the safety and efficiency of loading and unloading vehicles.

  The third is to strengthen monitoring, early warning and emergency response.

On the basis of the existing monitoring mechanism, establish a linkage mechanism with local departments and key enterprises to grasp the dynamics of coal production and supply in a timely manner, dispatch power plants with less than 10 days of available coal storage days, help coordinate the implementation of coal sources, and promptly initiate emergency transportation plans to ensure The inventory is at a safe level.