China News Service, December 23. The State Council Information Office held a press conference on the 23rd. Li Bin, deputy director of the National Health Commission, introduced the "Report on the Status of Nutrition and Chronic Diseases of Chinese Residents (2020)".

Li Bin introduced that the average height of men and women aged 18-44 in my country is 169.7 cm and 158 cm, respectively, an increase of 1.2 cm and 0.8 cm respectively compared with 2015.

In addition, the situation of overweight and obesity among Chinese residents is grim, and the rates of overweight and obesity among urban and rural residents of all ages continue to rise.

  Li Bin introduced that the nutritional status of Chinese residents has continued to improve. First, the average height of residents has continued to increase.

The average height of men and women aged 18-44 in my country is 169.7 cm and 158 cm respectively, an increase of 1.2 cm and 0.8 cm respectively compared with 2015.

The heights of boys and girls aged 6-17 have increased by 1.6 cm and 1 cm respectively in each age group.

  Second, the problem of undernutrition has been continuously improved.

The stunting rate of children under 6 years of age has dropped to less than 7%, and the rate of low weight has dropped to less than 5%, all of which have achieved the 2020 national planning goals.

It is particularly worth mentioning that the problem of stunting in rural children in my country has been fundamentally improved. The stunting rate of children under 6 in rural areas has dropped from 11.3% in 2015 to 5.8%; the stunting rate of children and adolescents aged 6-17 has dropped from 4.7% That dropped to 2.2%.

  Third, the population's micronutrient deficiencies have also been continuously improved.

Taking anemia as an example, the results of this monitoring show that the anemia rate of residents aged 18 and over in my country is 8.7%, the anemia rate of children and adolescents aged 6-17 is 6.1%, and the anemia rate of pregnant women is 13.6%, which is similar to the results released in 2015. The ratio has dropped significantly.

  Li Bin pointed out that through monitoring, some prominent nutritional problems of Chinese residents are mainly reflected in the following three aspects:

  First, the problem of unreasonable dietary structure is prominent. The ratio of dietary fat to energy continues to rise, the intake of edible oil and salt is much higher than the recommended value, and the consumption of fruits, beans, soy products, and milk is insufficient.

  Second, the situation of overweight and obesity among Chinese residents is grim, and the rates of overweight and obesity among urban and rural residents of all ages continue to rise.

  The third is the lack of important micronutrients faced by some key areas and key populations, such as infants and young children, women of childbearing age, and the elderly who still need attention.

  "In response to the remaining nutritional problems of residents, the next step will be to promote the implementation of the Healthy China Reasonable Diet Action and the National Nutrition Plan. This plan is planned from 2017 to 2030, with one action and one plan as the starting point, and effective Take measures to actively respond." Li Bin said:

  One is to increase the intensity of popular science education.

Comprehensively popularize dietary nutrition knowledge, advocate salt, oil, and sugar reduction, and at the same time strengthen the "three health" promotion activities, eat more beans, milk, vegetables, fruits and other healthy diets to develop good eating habits.

In order to better help residents practice reasonable diets and promote nutrition and health, we are currently doing a work to organize revisions to the current Resident Dietary Guidelines to guide residents to reasonable diets and improve their health.

  The second is to promote the coordinated development of food supply and population nutritional needs.

Strengthen the guiding role of nutrition in the food industry chain such as agriculture and food processing industry.

  The third is to continuously carry out the monitoring of residents' nutrition and health status, food composition monitoring, etc., to dynamically grasp the changes in the diet and nutritional status of Chinese residents, evaluate the effectiveness of nutrition improvement work, find problems in time, and adjust and improve national nutrition improvement strategies in real time. Refine relevant work measures.

  The fourth is to implement goal-oriented comprehensive intervention measures for key nutritional problems, especially for the increasingly prominent problem of overweight and obesity, and further strengthen interventions.

It is necessary to focus on the intervention of obesity in children and adolescents, play a role in all aspects, and jointly solve the current outstanding problems.