As part of an exercise at a training ground in the Chelyabinsk region, military personnel of radio-technical troops and air defense units successfully repelled an attack by drones of a mock enemy.

The targets of the Russian military were about 20 small drones.

This was reported by the press service of the Central Military District (CVO).

"During the tactical episode, experts of radio engineering troops from the combat crew of the radar (radar station. -

RT

) Podlyot-K1" found small, low-speed and low-altitude targets at a distance of about 15 km, which were unmanned aerial vehicles, "- said on the website of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation.

To defeat enemy drones, the Pantsir-S1 anti-aircraft missile system (ZRPK) and the Tor-M1 air defense system were used.

The prompt receipt of radar information was ensured by the Polyana-D4 automated control system (ACS).

"The main task was to develop mechanisms of information interaction between elements of the battle order: command posts, radar detection and fire destruction of air targets of a simulated enemy operating at extremely low and low altitudes, at specified lines and ranges," said the head of the radio engineering forces of the aviation association Central Military District Ramil Ziganshin.

As Sergey Denisentsev, an expert at the Center for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies, explained in a conversation with RT, at the training ground in the Chelyabinsk Region, the military personnel of the Central Military District performed a very non-trivial task.

“The specificity of the exercises was that the military detected low-altitude targets at a sufficiently large distance and transmitted the coordinates to the command post.

That is, target designation was carried out remotely.

The problem with such targets is that they are small and fly at low altitude.

It is difficult to detect such devices and track their flight, ”Denisentsev explained.

"Mastering a new technique"

Recently, the troops of the Central Military District have been mastering new ways to combat UAVs.

So, in August, in an interview with the Krasnaya Zvezda newspaper, the head of the combat training department of the 41st combined arms army of the Central Military District, Colonel Vyacheslav Dotsu, said that a variety of methods are used to suppress drone attacks.

In addition to the traditional methods of destroying unmanned aerial vehicles - shooting from anti-aircraft complexes, servicemen are mastering the technique of destruction from personal weapons, as well as neutralization using electronic warfare (EW). 

“For example, the Avtobaza and Krasukha electronic warfare systems of one of the units (of the 41st Army -

RT

)

show high efficiency in the confrontation with unmanned aircraft

.

They are capable of disrupting the enemy's control systems, the functioning of his communications equipment, and therefore disorganizing unmanned aircraft flights, ”Dotsu said.

  • Tactical drone

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  • © mod.mil.rus

As the founder of the Military Russia portal Dmitry Kornev explained in a comment to RT, to counter drones in a modern theater of operations (theater of operations), it is most effective to combine anti-aircraft systems and unconventional weapons, including electronic warfare systems.

“It is not always acceptable to fire anti-aircraft missiles at drones, as well as rely solely on the capabilities of electronic warfare.

It is necessary to strive to ensure that the detection of drones and the reflection of their attacks on the covered group of forces are carried out by different types of weapons.

This approach dictates the need to use many new techniques, ”says Kornev.

For example, training sites have been deployed at the training grounds of the 41st Combined Arms Army, which allow them to hone their command and control skills, techniques and methods of firing when detecting small-sized air targets.

Shooting at mock-ups imitating UAVs takes place at different firing lines.

Dotsu explained the increased attention to the development of methods for countering drones by the experience gained by Russia in the Syrian operation, where terrorists used drones against government forces and to attack the Khmeimim airbase.

According to the colonel, today even UAVs made from scrap materials (plywood, plastic, tin) and with simple motors and cameras installed on them can cause serious damage to the theater.

Industrialized countries are also actively improving drones of various classes.

Moreover, scientific research in the creation of new UAVs is ahead of the development of means of countering them, said Dotsu.

“Therefore, we in the association began to create consolidated units to combat UAVs.

For example, during classes and exercises of a motorized rifle company, one of the squads or platoons can not only be tasked with hitting ground targets, but also continuously monitor the air situation and immediately open fire on it when enemy unmanned aircraft are detected, ”Dotsu said.

In the ranks of the Southern Military District (YuVO), there are also consolidated formations for the destruction of unmanned aerial vehicles.

They include specialists from electronic warfare, military intelligence, snipers, and crews of self-propelled anti-aircraft guns and air defense.

The Ministry of Defense notes that such groups were "created to introduce modern combat experience."

In particular, in June, during an exercise in Chechnya, the Borisoglebsk-2 radar stations discovered drones of a simulated enemy, which from camouflaged firing positions destroyed snipers and anti-aircraft systems crews.

As noted in the press service of the Southern Military District, the training took place "as part of the development of a new methodology for combating unmanned aircraft."

"Experience of local conflicts"

From open information it follows that now in the Russian army, in addition to snipers, ordinary infantrymen and machine gunners are mastering the skills of countering UAVs.

At the training grounds, they learn to aim fire at mock-ups and balloons, which, like drones, can maneuver unpredictably in the air.

According to experts, the task of combating UAVs is so ambitious that it requires practicing its implementation with almost all ground-based means of fire destruction.

In particular, a number of the latest models of military equipment, some of which have already been adopted by the RF Armed Forces, are capable of shooting down drones.

One of these products is the "Terminator" tank support combat vehicle (BMPT).

It can provide counter-drones thanks to the new guided air blast ammunition, which is designed for two 30-mm cannons.

In addition, it is expected that the Terminator's capabilities in this field will increase with the introduction of the 57-mm gun in its arsenal.

Also the UAV's thunderstorm is the 2S38 Derivation-Air Defense Anti-Aircraft Artillery Complex (ZAK), which is already equipped with a powerful 57-mm cannon.

The maximum horizontal range of destruction of targets with this weapon is 14.5 km, the vertical range is 7.5 km, and the rate of fire is 80 rounds per minute.

  • Elements of an intercepted UAV from Syrian militants

  • © mil.ru

According to Kornev, the Russian military and design teams are well aware that the samples of unmanned aircraft are constantly being improved - it becomes more difficult to detect and strike them.

In this regard, new types of ground military equipment are being created and modernized, including for the task of combating UAVs.

“Now it is an urgent need.

The experience of local conflicts dictates the following rule: any movement of troops in the theater of operations must be camouflaged and covered by various means from being hit by enemy drones, "Kornev emphasized.

Sergey Denisentsev adheres to a similar point of view.

According to the expert, the Russian army is actively integrating into combat training the experience of modern conflicts, where UAVs are widely used.

Also, during the exercises, the RF Armed Forces consolidate the unique skills of countering drones, acquired during the Syrian operation.

“The Russian military has gained quite serious experience in interception in Syria, especially of small drones.

These are challenging goals.

The fact that the troops were able to repel several large raids speaks of good technical equipment and competent tactical actions of the Russian military, "Denisentsev summed up.