Shaanxi found that the large cemetery in the early Western Han Dynasty was Xianyang once named "Xincheng" to add evidence
Xinhua News Agency, Xi’an, November 27 (Reporter Yang Yimiao Liang Aiping) The Shaanxi Provincial Institute of Archaeology held a press conference on the 27th. During the excavation of a large cemetery in the early Western Han Dynasty, archaeologists discovered a piece of The Tao Fou with the word "Ting" adds a physical example to a record that only exists in historical books.
Dapuzi Cemetery is located in the west of Dapuzi Village, Gaozhuang Town, Qinhan New City, Xixian New District, Shaanxi Province, where the loess is rich and the terrain is flat and open.
Since May 2020, the Shaanxi Provincial Institute of Archaeology has cleaned 103 tombs and more than 10 tomb ditches here. Although severely robbed, nearly 300 pieces of pottery, copper, jade, iron and other relics have been unearthed (group) , With the remains of the early Western Han Dynasty as the main cultural connotation.
According to Zhu Yingpei, the executive leader of the Dabaozi Cemetery Project of the Shaanxi Provincial Institute of Archaeology, the cemetery is planned in an orderly manner, with square ditches as the division, which may represent different family units; the funeral pottery presents a certain combination of rules, common tripod, stove, Warehouses, pots, pots, francium, and boxes show clear characteristics of the era; the levels of tombs are obviously different. Small tombs are buried with only a small amount of pottery, bronze mirrors, and copper coins.
Among them, in the tomb numbered M51, the unearthed pottery fou shoulders were carved with the word "Xin Ting", which attracted the attention of archaeologists.
Zhu Yingpei said that "Xin Ting" has the same meaning as the "Xian Ting" discovered in the past, that is, it is the "Xin Ting City".
Documents and archaeological data indicate that there were counties such as Xianyang, Weicheng, and Jingyang in the Qin and Han dynasties surrounding the Dabaozi Cemetery.
According to the "Book of Han Geography", "Weicheng, therefore Xianyang, was renamed Xincheng in the first year of Emperor Gao, and after seven years, it belonged to Chang'an"; "The Book of Han · Xiaohe Cao Sen Biography" also stated that "(Cao Shen) took Xianyang from the east and changed its name New Town".
In other words, the city of Xianyang was briefly renamed "Xincheng" in the early Han Dynasty, and the discovery of this Tao Fou added a physical example to a record that only exists in historical data.
Zhu Yingpei said that based on the evidence of this cemetery pottery combination and buried copper coins, the internal connection between the Dabaozi cemetery and Xincheng County in the early Han Dynasty can be established. "Xinting" should refer to Ting City in Xincheng County in the early Han Dynasty.
According to the existing archaeological data, this is the first discovery of the "Xinting" pottery in the Western Han Dynasty, which demonstrates the establishment of Xincheng County in the early Han Dynasty.
In the Dabaozi Cemetery, the number of tombs in the early Western Han Dynasty is expected to exceed 800, and they are concentrated in age, clear in divisions, and obvious in grade. It is close to the capital of Qin Xianyang and Changling Town. It is used to study the layout of tombs, burial systems, and family surrounding Xianyang during the Qin and Han Dynasties. Relationship, especially the Qin and Han regime changes provided new physical information.