, November 27. According to the website of the Ministry of Education, the State Council’s Office of the Education Supervision Committee recently announced the "National Professional Degree Evaluation Work Implementation Plan" (hereinafter referred to as the "Implementation Plan"), which initiated the national professional degree evaluation.

The relevant person in charge of the Office of the Education Supervision Committee of the State Council answered questions and pointed out that the national professional degree level evaluation is to promote the implementation of the fundamental task of Lideshu people by checking the implementation of the tutor’s responsibilities as the first responsible person for Lideshu people, and focus on the teacher The construction of morality and teaching style emphasizes the effectiveness of educating people with educators and morality, and promotes the normalization and long-term effect of the construction of university teachers' morality and style.

  The person in charge pointed out that professional degree postgraduate education is the main channel for cultivating high-level applied professionals and an important part of postgraduate education.

Since the launch of professional degree postgraduate education in 1991, after nearly 30 years of development, great achievements have been made. Currently, 47 professional degree categories, 5,996 master degree authorization points, 278 doctoral degree authorization points, and professional The degree plays an important role in adapting to the needs of economic and social development, improving the talent training system, and serving the education strategy of strengthening the country.

  Conducting a comprehensive level and overall inspection and diagnosis of my country’s professional degree postgraduate education is to promote the implementation of the fundamental task of Lide’s cultivation of people, follow the development law of professional degree education, promote the connection of talent training and industry needs, further deepen the integration of industry and education, and promote professionalism It is of great significance to reform the training model of degree graduates, improve the professional degree evaluation system, and improve the level and quality of professional degree graduate education in my country.

  When the person in charge introduced the core concept of the national professional degree level evaluation, he pointed out that, closely focusing on the fundamental task of Lide to cultivate people, adhere to the "four-for" policy, and resolutely eliminate the stubborn diseases of the "five-only", with "quality, effectiveness, characteristics, and contribution" "" as the orientation, with the quality of talent training as the core, with the goal of evaluating "physical examination" and "diagnosis", adhere to the evaluation concept of "three focuses", and strive to build and improve the professional degree development law, with the characteristics of the times, and highlighting Chinese characteristics. Professional degree level evaluation system. 

  The first is to focus on Lide and foster people and highlight professional ethics.

Emphasize the effectiveness of ideological and political education, highlight professional ethics and professional ethics education, promote the construction of an integrated education system, and implement the fundamental tasks of Lide Shuren.

  The second is to focus on the quality of training and strengthen the positioning of characteristics.

Highlight the training requirements of high-level, applied, and compound talents for professional degrees, strengthen classification evaluation, guide training units to clarify their positioning, give full play to their characteristics, and develop content, and promote the reform of professional degree talent training.

  The third is to focus on industry needs and emphasize professional competence.

Attach importance to the inspection of the fit between talent training and social needs, the professional competence of students and the satisfaction of employers, examine the connection between talent training and industry needs, and promote the further improvement of the professional degree integration training mechanism.

  What are the specific measures taken by the national professional degree evaluation to promote the implementation of the fundamental tasks of Lide and fostering people in universities?

The person in charge said that the effectiveness of Lide Shuren is the fundamental standard for testing all the work of the school. It comprehensively examines the implementation of Lide Shuren in all aspects of practical and innovative talent training in universities, and mainly proposes four measures.

  The first is to build a three-dimensional evaluation system framework of teaching quality, learning quality, and career development quality around the three levels of "teaching, learning, and doing" that reflect the entire process of talent training, to comprehensively test the overall effectiveness of Lideshu.

  The second is to put ideological and political education in the first place in personnel training, focus on the comprehensive reform of the "three holistic education", ideological and political curriculum system and curriculum content construction, and include ideological and political courses as one of the key inspection contents of representative courses to promote various types of Curriculum, resources, strength and ideological and political theory courses are integrated and connected.

  The third is to examine the implementation of the responsibilities of the tutor as the first responsible person for Lide Shuren, focus on the construction of teacher ethics and style, emphasize the effectiveness of educating people with cultural people and morality, and promote the normalization and long-term construction of colleges and universities.

  The fourth is to strengthen professional ethics and professional ethics education that reflects the requirements of professional degree training, and focus on the main methods and effects of colleges and universities in the cultivation of students' personal morality, professional values, professional ethics, and industry standards, and promote professional degree graduate students' ethics, intelligence, sports, and art. Fully developed.

  What are the specific measures taken by the national professional degree evaluation to promote the implementation of the fundamental tasks of Lide and fostering people in universities?

According to the person in charge, following the characteristics of professional degree education, highlighting the training of professional degree talents' practical ability from the three aspects of training mechanism, training ability, and training orientation, promotes the reform of colleges and universities to accelerate the training model, and further deepens the integration of production and education.

  One is to highlight the construction of collaborative education mechanism.

Focus on examining the degree of integration between training goals and industry needs, promote universities and industry companies to jointly formulate training programs, deepen school-enterprise cooperation, and allow industry companies to participate in professional degree postgraduate education.

  The second is to highlight practical teaching support capabilities.

Focus on examining the supporting role of "case teaching" and "practical base" in talent training, as well as the ability of high-level research work to be transformed into talent training resources, and promote the construction of professional degree practice innovation ability training system.

  The third is to highlight the application orientation of training effectiveness.

Focus on inspection of "applied achievements" and "vocational (practice) qualification certificates", highlight the application orientation of professional dissertations, emphasize the use of theory to solve problems in industry and enterprise practice, and promote the formation of professions oriented to professional needs and industry development needs Degree talent training system.

  What specific measures does the national professional degree level assessment have to help the development of the characteristics of universities?

The person in charge pointed out that the index system is set up by classification. Under the framework of the unified index system, 36 sets of index systems are set up according to the training characteristics of each professional degree category or field. For example, the art professional degree category is divided into 7 sets of indicators according to dance, film and other fields. system.

Using representative results, typical cases and open "blanks", colleges and universities choose and describe themselves, fully embody the characteristics and contributions, and show the advantages and highlights of different colleges and universities to the greatest extent.

  What specific measures does the national professional degree level assessment have to promote the participation of multiple subjects in the cultivation of professional degree talents?

According to the person in charge, through a large-scale questionnaire survey of students, graduates, employers, industry experts and other multiple subjects, the performance of talent training can be viewed from four dimensions.

  One is to look at satisfaction from the perspective of school students.

By examining the overall satisfaction of the students on ideological and political education, curriculum and practice teaching, and tutor guidance, the actual effect of teaching is tested, and universities are encouraged to pay attention to students' learning needs and learning effects.

  The second is the length from the perspective of graduates.

By examining graduates’ sense of gain in the construction of knowledge system, professional quality, and comprehensive quality improvement, the degree of practical ability, innovation ability and professional competence of graduates is tested.

  The third is to look at the degree of matching from the perspective of the employer.

Through the employers’ evaluation of graduates’ professional competence, professional ethics and professional ethics, the matching degree of professional degree talent training with the actual job needs of the industry is tested, and the rapid response ability of professional degree talent training to industry development needs is improved.

  The fourth is to look at reputation from the perspective of industry experts.

Through the comprehensive reputation evaluation of professional degree training units by peers and industry experts, it fully demonstrates the social awareness and reputation of talent training of the training units.

  How to implement the national professional degree evaluation?

The person in charge said that the implementation of "full paperless" submission, all materials are submitted through the evaluation system electronic files, no more paper materials are submitted.

The evaluation process includes eight links including participation confirmation, information collection, information verification, expert evaluation, questionnaire survey, weight determination, result formation and release, and continuous improvement. The three key process links are integrated from information collection, information verification, and expert review. Implement policies to further improve the quality of evaluation.

  One is information collection. The information collection mode that combines public data acquisition and review and supplementation by participating units is adopted, such as supplementing ideological and political education, service contribution cases and other necessary materials to ensure comprehensive and objective data collection.

Second, in terms of information verification, seven measures such as formal verification, logical inspection, public data comparison, verification of proof materials, repeated data screening, key data spot checks, and information disclosure are adopted to establish a comprehensive cross-checking mechanism to ensure the authenticity of the assessment information accurate.

Thirdly, in terms of expert evaluation, measures such as strengthening the construction of expert resources, scientifically selecting evaluation experts, exploring integrated evaluation methods, and improving expert evaluation guidelines have been adopted to improve the fairness, impartiality and scientificity of expert evaluation, and strive to improve the quality of expert evaluation.

  The person in charge also said that the national professional degree level evaluation commissioned by the Ministry of Education's Degree and Graduate Education Development Center will be implemented in the near future.

It will carry out in-depth information mining and analysis services, play the role of evaluation, monitoring, and diagnosis, promote the realization of the connotative and characteristic development of professional degrees, and earnestly promote construction by evaluation, and improve the quality of schooling.