, Beijing, November 22 (Reporter Du Yan) The overall AIDS epidemic in Beijing is at a low prevalence level, and the number of newly reported cases has steadily declined.

From January to October this year, Beijing reported 1,408 people and cases of HIV infection, a 47% decrease from the same period last year.

  This is what the reporter learned from the 4th Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei University Student AIDS Prevention and Control Propaganda Knowledge "Listen to AIDS Prevention" Challenge Debate held on the 22nd.

  According to the relevant person in charge of the Office of the Beijing Municipal Leading Group for AIDS Prevention and Control, December 1 this year is the 33rd World AIDS Day.

The person in charge said that under the situation of normalized epidemic prevention and control, this year’s debate competition creatively launched four phases: “Aerial Class”, “Competition on the Cloud”, “Three Preliminaries” and “Debate Finals”. AIDS knowledge and power, college students use mobile phones to test their knowledge of AIDS prevention.

According to statistics, more than 170,000 people have watched knowledge lectures through "Cloud Class", and nearly 250,000 students from 238 colleges and universities in the three places participated in the online contest.

  The person in charge stated that since Beijing reported China's first AIDS case in 1985, as of the end of October this year, a total of 34,289 HIV-infected persons and cases had been reported, of which 7,575 were registered in Beijing, accounting for 22%.

Among all infected people and cases, 93% were sexually transmitted, of which 68% were homosexual transmission, 25% were heterosexual transmission, and 7% were transmitted through injection, drug use and other means.

  From January to October this year, Beijing reported 1,408 HIV-infected people and cases, and the number of newly reported cases fell 47% from the same period last year.

Sexual transmission accounted for 97%, of which homosexual transmission accounted for 76%, heterosexual transmission accounted for 21%, and transmission through injection, drug use and other channels accounted for 3%.

  The person in charge pointed out that the overall AIDS epidemic in Beijing is currently at a low prevalence level. With the continuous advancement of prevention and control and the increase in public health awareness, the epidemic in Beijing has shown a downward trend for five consecutive years, but sexual transmission is still the main transmission of AIDS. way.

  Speaking of AIDS prevention and control work in recent years, the person in charge said that Beijing's health and health departments have achieved staged progress by taking key measures for key populations and other prevention and control measures.

For example, the coverage of surveillance and testing has been continuously expanded. At present, a 5-level laboratory testing system has been established to realize the integration of laboratory testing such as AIDS antibody screening and confirmation to maximize the detection of infected persons; provide free antiretroviral treatment, and medical institutions above the second level in Beijing Green channels for referral for antiviral treatment have been opened, shortening the time from the discovery of confirmed cases to treatment, and greatly improving the effectiveness of prevention and treatment.

  The person in charge said that 92 universities and colleges in Beijing have established the "Youth Red Ribbon" organization with nearly 150,000 members. The Youth Red Ribbon Association of Capital Universities has become a brand for AIDS prevention.

At the same time, Beijing has mobilized social forces to focus on AIDS prevention and conduct publicity and education activities in public places such as airports and railway stations.