Vladimir Putin submitted to the State Duma a draft federal law on the formation of the Federation Council, according to the website of the lower house of parliament.
Pavel Krasheninnikov, Chairman of the Committee for State Building and Legislation, said that "the bills have been prepared in order to bring federal legislation in line with the amendments to the Constitution."
According to Krasheninnikov, “a new version of the law on the formation of the Federation Council has been developed, as well as amendments to the law“ On the status of a member of the Federation Council and the status of a deputy of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of Russia ”.
According to the document, the Federation Council, in addition to representatives from the legislative and executive authorities of the Russian regions, will be able to include former presidents, becoming senators for life, as well as "no more than 30 representatives of Russia, appointed by the president, of which no more than seven can be appointed for life."
The report of the State Duma clarifies that, according to the bills, the former president will be able to submit such an application within three months from the date of termination of his powers.
"At the same time, the president, whose powers were terminated before the adoption of this law, can submit such an application within three months from the date the law enters into force," the Duma noted.
In addition, for the senator - the former president, "social and other guarantees" established by the law "On guarantees to the president of the Russian Federation who have terminated the exercise of his powers and members of his family" are preserved.
Recall that the amendments to the Constitution, which entered into force on July 4, provide for the right of ex-heads of state to claim one of the seven quotas for a life member of the Federation Council.
Voting on amendments to the Constitution took place in Russia from June 25 to July 1, more than 77% of voters were in favor of their adoption, about 21% were against.
In July, the chairman of the constitutional committee of the Federation Council, Andrei Klishas, said that work on bills on the State Council and the law of the former president of Russia was already underway.
Commenting on this information, Klishas clarified that the work is carried out, among other things, by the Constitutional Committee of the Federation Council and the State Legal Department of the President.
At the same time, he added that there is no goal "to bring everything in at a run."
According to the senator, bills within the framework of the implementation of amendments to the Constitution "will be introduced taking into account the logic of the political process, including after a high-quality legal study."
The State Duma noted that decisions on the status of former presidents as members of the Federation Council allow the state to retain management experience.
The first deputy chairman of the committee of the lower house of parliament on state construction and legislation, Mikhail Yemelyanov, spoke about this in an interview with RT.
“This will preserve management experience.
Because the presidency is not just like that, a person has to go through a certain life path.
He understands these or those problems very well, ”the parliamentarian said.
The deputy also suggested that the transfer of the former president to the Federation Council creates conditions for a softer transfer of power from the former head of state to the new one.
“A person does not immediately retire or take some insignificant job, he remains in the system of state power.
This is also important, ”said Yemelyanov.
Professor of the Department of Comparative Political Science of RUDN University Yuri Pochta also believes that new legislative initiatives should be considered from the point of view of preserving the experience of public administration.
The political scientist noted that the modern Russian state began to form after 1991, and the entire state system "was created practically from scratch."
“We form our legislative bodies.
And in this case, this is another step towards creating a modern Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, "the expert said in an interview with RT.
The post noted that people who have held major government posts have extensive experience that can still serve the country.
“They went through a great school of leadership.
And we must use their wisdom and experience.
We are improving the legislative institution ... So from the point of view of formal organization, this is a step forward.
Let's hope that it will serve the development of Russian parliamentarism, ”the expert concluded.