A working group on fossil-free transport, which is considering massive reductions in CO2 emissions from road transport, is currently examining, among other things, a rapid increase in the annual vehicle tax.
It is therefore a familiar annual circulation tax for every car holder and owner, consisting of a basic annual tax and, in addition to cars other than petrol, a propulsion tax, the so-called diesel tax.
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In the calculations published by the Emissions Working Group, the current vehicle taxes have been increased as much as threefold.
“The triple increase was chosen when it was found that the 1.5-fold increase was in euros and had a very small effect,” says the document entitled Measures to reduce GHG emissions from transport / impact assessment of individual measures.
In the calculations made on the subject, the working group has presented two basic scenarios for the price level, in the first of which the vehicle tax for all propulsion vehicles would triple during 2020-2030.
In the second model, the increase would otherwise be similar, but would only apply to petrol and diesel cars.
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The average basic tax based on CO2 emissions is currently around € 240 a year for passenger cars, which means that the average basic car driver would have to pay almost € 500 more a year if the amount were tripled.
Naturally, increases in vehicle tax would naturally hit heavy large-engined cars, such as motorhomes and SUVs, as well as luxury and sports cars, whose annual vehicle tax could easily be as high as € 2,000 in the future.
According to the working group, raising the vehicle tax would therefore increase the costs for companies and households owning high-emission cars if there was no desire or opportunity to change the vehicle.
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The oldest and most high-emission cars are located in Eastern and Western Finland and in the north.
Consequently, the effects of the tax increase would also be greatest in these areas.
According to VTT's estimate, tripling vehicle taxes would increase state tax revenues by approximately EUR 1.7–1.8 billion.
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This measure would reduce CO2 emissions by 0.008-0.2300 megatonnes, depending significantly on how many old high-emission cars would be taken out of service, either for scrapping or for export.
The roadmap for fossil-free transport is still publishing its final recommendation this month on how to halve transport emissions by 2030.