(Economic Observation) China writes an epic of millions of people migrating to prosperity

  China News Service, Beijing, October 17 (Reporter Ruan Yulin) "84 poor households in'Xiaya Village' in Sichuan have been relocated one after another" "Buildings have been built at the relocation site along the Nu River in Yunnan" "The last batch of poor farmers and herdsmen in Xinjiang moved from the desert "Hinterland relocation"... Since the "13th Five-Year Plan", nearly tens of millions of impoverished people in China have moved into new homes. China's great achievements in poverty alleviation and relocation have written the epic of the magnificent human migration to "rich".

Data map: On May 13th, 31 households of Atulier Village, Zhiermo Township, Zhaojue County, Liangshan Prefecture, Sichuan Province, brought their luggage down the mountain through steel ladders, and relocated to a new home in the centralized resettlement site of Zhaojue County. .

The picture shows the aerial photography of Zhaojue County’s resettlement site for poverty alleviation and relocation in Zhaojue County, where the new home of "Xianya Village" is located.

Photo by Zhang Lang

  "I didn't dare to think about getting rid of poverty and live a good life before. Now I live in a modern and bright new house, and I feel that life is bright," Li Xiaobo, a resident of Tuoping Group, Pihe Nu Village, Fugong County, Nujiang Prefecture, Yunnan Province, told reporters a few days ago.

  The 37-year-old Li Xiaobo and his family of seven had previously lived on the mountainside of Gaoligong Mountain. There was only one post road with a steep slope to enter and leave the village.

On the eve of the Spring Festival in 2018, Li Xiaobo's family and the residents of the village moved to a new house in a relocation site for poverty alleviation in Tuoping on the Nu River.

At the end of June this year, the construction of all relocation sites in Nujiang Prefecture was completed, and 100,000 poor people moved into the city to live in the town.

  92.5% of the area in Guizhou Province is mountainous and hilly, 73% of the area is karst karst landforms. It is also the province with the largest population of relocation for poverty alleviation in the country. The relocation task is extremely difficult. As of the end of 2019, Guizhou Province has built a total of 946 resettlement sites. 453,900 houses were built, 10,090 poor natural villages were relocated as a whole, and 1.88 million people in the province were relocated for poverty alleviation.

  Before winter in 2019, the last batch of poor farmers and herdsmen in Xinjiang moved from the deep mountains and desert hinterlands to the oasis plains.

Since the start of the "13th Five-Year Plan" relocation and poverty alleviation work, Xinjiang has built 40026 housing units, and 169,200 registered poor people have moved to new houses, and their production and living conditions have fundamentally improved.

Data map: On September 21, at the relocation site for poverty alleviation and relocation in Daliyabuyi Township, Yutian County, Hotan Prefecture, Xinjiang, villagers used tap water to water small saplings planted in front of their houses.

Dali Yabuyi Township, because it is located in the hinterland of the Taklimakan Desert, is known as "China's Last Desert Tribe".

The newly constructed resettlement site for poverty alleviation in Daliyabuyi Township is 90 kilometers away from the county seat. In 2017 and 2019, a total of 839 people from 216 poor households were relocated in two batches.

The resettlement sites are now connected to water, electricity, access, radio and television, and broadband. Facilities such as water plants, health centers, primary schools, and kindergartens have been built. Entered a new modern life.

Photo by China News Agency reporter Liu Xin

  In 1983, in response to the severe drought and water shortage in the "Sanxi" (Hexi, Dingxi, Gansu, and Xihaigu, Ningxia) regions, the Chinese government explored and implemented "Sanxi Diaozhuang Immigration" for poverty alleviation, setting a precedent for poverty alleviation by relocation .

Practice over the years has proved that due to the extremely poor production and living conditions and the insignificant effects of local poverty alleviation measures, relocation of poverty alleviation has become the most effective way to get rid of poverty in areas where "one side of water and soil cannot support the other".

  From 2001 to 2015, a total of RMB 36.3 billion has been invested in central subsidies for poverty alleviation and relocation across the country to support local relocation of more than 6.8 million poor people.

  In November 2015, the "Decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council on Winning the Fight against Poverty" was issued, marking that China's poverty alleviation and development has entered a new stage of poverty alleviation.

According to large-scale accurate identification and investigation, there are still about 10 million rural poor people living in areas where “one side of the water and soil cannot support the other”.

The Chinese government has decided to use five years to relocate the poor and get rid of the harsh living environment and harsh production and living conditions.

  Since 2016, in accordance with the unified deployment of the Chinese government, the National Development and Reform Commission, the State Council’s Poverty Alleviation Office, the Ministry of Finance and other departments and 22 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) with relocation tasks have jointly promoted relocation and relocation in the new era.

  According to official data, as of now, the "13th Five-Year Plan" relocation and relocation tasks have been fully completed. A total of about 35,000 centralized resettlement areas have been built across the country, more than 2.66 million resettlement houses have been built for poverty alleviation, and approximately 9.6 million people have been relocated. The people have moved to new homes, and the vast majority of the people who have moved have been lifted out of poverty.

  Tong Zhangshun, director of the Regional Revitalization Department of the National Development and Reform Commission, said that practice has proved that relocation is a fundamental way to solve the problem of "one side is not able to support the other people" and to achieve leap-forward development of poor people. It is also an important way to win the fight against poverty.

The great achievements China has made in implementing relocation for poverty alleviation and relocation have become a great feat in the history of human migration and the history of poverty reduction in the world.

  Tong Zhangshun said frankly that with the implementation of construction tasks in various places, a large number of people have moved in one after another, and the problem of "moving out" has basically been solved.

However, the foundation for poverty alleviation in some resettlement areas and relocated people is still relatively weak. There are still many risks and challenges to ensure that the nearly tens of millions of poor relocated people achieve the goal of "stabilizing and getting rich gradually" in the future.

  "After the relocation, we must maintain a certain degree of assistance for a certain period of time," Tong Zhangshun said. In the next step, we will promote the effective integration of comprehensive poverty alleviation and rural revitalization strategies, focusing on deeply underdeveloped areas such as "three regions and three states" and large-scale resettlement. Special groups such as ethnic minorities, “old, young, sick, and weak” among the districts and relocated people, improve the follow-up support policy system, increase industrial employment assistance for relocated people, and build provincial and lower governments to be responsible for the overall guidance and support of the central department The follow-up support work pattern of the government ensures that the relocated people “can live in stability, have employment, and gradually become rich”.

  Liu Yongfu, director of the Office of Poverty Alleviation of the State Council, emphasized that the victory of poverty alleviation is in sight. It is necessary to maintain the momentum of tackling the problems, comprehensively investigate the gaps and make up for the leakage, and dynamically solve the "three guarantees" (compulsory education, basic medical care, and housing safety are guaranteed) and drinking water safety issues. Poverty fortress, do a good job in key tasks such as job stabilization for poor laborers and consumption poverty alleviation actions to ensure that poverty alleviation goals and tasks are completed on schedule.